The Development of the Political Movement in Bahrain 1992-2002
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2014, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 777-802
AbstractBahrain gained its dependence in 1971 and a new political stage has been started which was represented by issuing the constitution of 1973 beside forming the council of ministers and the national council. However, that had not continued only for two years where the constitution was suspended and the national council was dissolved; that situation was as an early retrogression for the state where the country experienced the growing of national movement that opposed the government's decisions and emergence of parties and societies such as (the constitutional movement).
After the second Golf war (1990-1991) the opposition movements stressed on the importance of the constitution as a sole and accepted base for politics and focused on restoration of the previous representative bodies like the Bahrain national council through the petitions that have been submitted to the ruling regime. They were concentrated primary on enlarging the range of political participation and considering consultation the main base for democracy. In spite of the positive developments that enhanced democracy and which have been occurred precisely since taking waters of governance by Sheikh Hamad Bin Issa in Bahrain in 1999, the political stability has not been achieved; so he issued a new constition in 2002 that aimed to adapt to internal pressures which were encountered by the country. The country remained to suffer from the traditional problems especially the political sectarianism that had spread in the country beside the absolute control by the government over the political bodies.
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