The Armenian Issue and the West Stand towards it during the Reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hameed II
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2013, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 447-477
AbstractThe Armenians inhabited a strategic region in the peninsula of Anatolia. It was the core of concern of the neighboring states and a conflict area between the Persian and the Byzantium empires throughout history. When the Armenians established some emirates and states in this region, they mostly became under the control of the strong neighboring states.
On the rise of the Ottoman state the Armenians lived in peace practicing free doctrine and work. Despite that, Armenian revolutionary movements emerged induced by outside powers, particularly France. These movements demanded either for dependence from the Ottoman state or getting autonomy.
Caesarian Russia played an important role in raising the Armenian issue, especially after the defeat of the Ottoman state in the Russian – Ottoman war ( ). This issue gained an international importance after holding the two treaties of Berlin and San Stefano ( ). The Sultan Abdul Hamid II had a special stand from these treaties. He followed a special policy in dealing with the Armenian issue. He did not apply the decided reforms in the places inhabited by the Armenians. On this basis, some of the great states have their stands according to their special interests towards the Ottoman state.
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