The Nature of Aggressions by Polytheist Leaders on the Prophet and Muslims in the Meccan Era
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2012, Volume 11, Issue 4, Pages 362-390
AbstractThe aim of the present study is to clarify the nature of aggressions that the Prophet (G.B.P.B.U.H.) and the Moslems faced in diffusing the Islamic Call among people in Mecca and outside it since the Glorious Expedition. After the Call became overt in the fourth year of the Expedition, the Prophet (G.B.P.B.U.H.) was bothered severely by the non-Moslems till the end of the Meccan era in the th year of the Expedition. The non-Moslem leaders increased their aggression towards the Prophet (G.B.P.B.U.H.). They also harmed the Moslems after they realized that they embraced Islam. The non-Moslems revealed their contradicting attitudes towards Meccan sanctity represented by Meccan Haram and Al-Hurum Months. These attitudes were characterized by duality in standards. In the mean time, the non-Moslem leaders were urging the Arabic tribes under their control to the necessity of respecting the Meccan sanctity and holiness, and to the necessity of not trespassing to others under any condition. Even the animals were not to be trespassed that people were forbidden from hunting them in the Meccan Haram or during the four Hurum Months.
The non-Moslems were strongly committed to their policy, for it had many interests to them. But they soon forgot what they were urging people to do, i.e. the necessity of respecting the Meccan Haram. So, they tortured and oppressed the Moslems in many was especially when they felt that their interests were jeopardized. Thus, the Prophet (G.B.P.B.U.H.) was impinged in different ways. For example, He as well as His followers were neglected and mocked. He suffered from attempts of being defiled of His reputation. In addition, the non-Moslem leaders of Mecca imposed the methods of intimidation and desiring on the Prophet specifically and on Moslems generally. The leaders negotiated with the Prophet (G.B.P.B.U.H.) and then with His uncle (Abu-Talib) to force Him to quit diffusing Islam among people. They also asked Him to bring miracles as a condition to believe in Him. Eventually, they planned to torture, threaten, and assassinate the Prophet (G.B.P.B.U.H.). Every time the plans of their leaders failed in fighting Islam, they changed them according to the nature of the conflict between the two parties.
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