THE EGYPTIAN EXISTENCE IN YEMEN PROVINCE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE BRITISH POLICY 1840-1814
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 351-374
AbstractThis research shed light on a significant era of the modern history of Yemen during the Ottoman period The research investigates the Egyptian existence in Yemen province from 1814-1840 in terms of the reasons behind that existence, its motives, and orientations towards the policy of Mohammed Ali Pasha the Governor of Egypt, the Ottoman empire and great Britain in particular.
The Wahhabi expansions in Arab Peninsula irritated the fears of the ottoman empire which had synchronized with the internal and external crises it was suffered from, which made it seeking help from Mohammed Ali pasha, its young governor of Egypt, who had assumed the task of eliminating the Wahhabis from the Arab Peninsula in order that Yemen Province be one of the important station. The task has fully succeeded in bringing back these provinces under the Ottoman sovereignty including the province of Yemen which, at the same time, had become within the map of the Egyptian expansion as well as an Egyptian province whose governor is appointed by Mohammed Ali pasha. However, these developments have naturally, created a chain of problems that began to exhaust the Egyptians in the province. The first of those problems is that the relationship between the governor and his government had changed into confrontation that motivated another with great Britain who had old interests on the red sea shores being threatened by the existence of Mohammed Ali in the region resulting in unified efforts of both parties to face the ambitioned governor and getting him out of all the regions under his seizure including Yemen Province.
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