Dreams Among Eastern Muslim and Modernistic Western Intellectuals (A Comparative Theoretical Psycho-Socio Study)
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2012, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 439-466
AbstractDream phenomenon called for the concern of dreamers and interpreters over history, and humane and naturalistic studies in different cultures had tackled this phenomenon since ancient times through analysis, religions in particular. As the eastern Muslim intellectuals wrote about dreams; the west intellectuals also wrote about them and had their own views on this phenomenon. They discussed, investigated and analyzed it thoroughly focusing on the psych-socio aspect and its impact on the sustained aspect of human's life. There are several examples about dreams in the books of interpretation, bibliographies, literature and news, indicating that belief in dreams was known amongst Arabs before Islam. After the coming of Islam there had been certain indications for the true dream in several verses of the holy Koran, an evident concept and theory in the Islamic thinking had emerged with dimensions that preoccupied artists, researchers and Islamic intellectuals in jurisprudence sciences. Prophets were the most famous interpreters of dreams who were interested in this aspect such as Prophets Joseph and Mohammed (peace be upon them) as well as the companions of prophet Mohammed and some other Muslim intellectuals who followed such as Imam Mohammed Ibn Sereen, Alghazali, Alshafi'I, Aljuneid, Aljahidh and Ibn Khaldoon (May God have mercy on them all).
In opposition to the Muslim intellectuals, Western intellectuals from the west had written about the phenomenon of dreams. The most famous of them were Frued, the psychologist , Yong, Adler and Karen Horney preceded by the educator Johan Herbert. Anthropologists like Cliffy Broll and Malinowisky had also written about dreams as well as Biologists like Pavlov.
In our theoretical study, we have made a comparison between the views of intellectuals who wrote in conceptual and humane aspects, social and psychological in particular in both Islamic oriental and western cultures in order to make clear similarities and dissimilarities between those thoughts.
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