The Impact of Project Method on Adaptive behavior and motor developmentof Kindergarten Children
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 120-150
AbstractThe current research aims to know the impact of project method on adaptive behavior and motor development of kindergarten children. to achieve this aim, the researches put the following null hypotheses:
1- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of (0.05). found between the averages of adaptive behavior grades of the experimental group using project method and of the control group using traditional method in the post-test.
2- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of (0.05) found between the averages of motor development grades of the experimental group using project method and of the control group using traditional method in the post-test.
To achieve the aim of the research, the researcher used experimental design of two equivalent groups, one is experimental using project method and the other is control group using traditional method. The sample included (50) children chosen intentionally from pre-elementary school class in Al-Basma Kindergarten divided randomly into (24) children in the experimental group and (26) in the control group the researches equalized both groups before initiating the experiment in the variables of (age measured in months, family members, weight height, fathers academic achievement, mothers academic achievement, pre-test scores of adaptive behavior, pre-test scores of motor development).The researcher taught both groups with the necessary teaching plans, the experiment lasted (10) weeks, and to measure the sequent variables in the researcher, the research made two tools:
-The first tool is to measure adaptive behavior rand made up of (30) items.
-The second tool is to measure motor development and made up of (28) items.
To verify the validity and reliability of the tools used for measurement, the researcher found reliability indicators of both groups using face vaidily through a panel of experts, reliability of two tools was counted to be for adaptive behavior tool using split-half method (0.81) and by Alpha Kronbach to be (0.82) and for motor development tool reliability using correctors stability (0.77) and by re-test scored (0.86) all of which are good numbers.
The following statistical tools were used:
1. T-test for two independent samples, to test the difference between two groups in equality and to find out the items distinctive, and to test difference between groups in post test.
2. Kai square to test difference in equalization.
3. Pearson correlation factor to calculate reliability.
4. Spearman Brown formula of reliability.
5. Alpha Kronbach formula of reliability.
After the statistical analysis of data using(t-test) for two independent samples the results showed:
1- There is a statistically significant difference between the averages of the experimental and control groups grades in adaptive behavior and in favour of using project method.
2- There is a statistically significant difference between the averages of the experimental and control groups grades in motor development and in favour of using project method.
Such are the results, the researches presented number of suggestions and recommendations like the necessity of using project method by Kindergarten teachers and to initiate future in the same field.
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