The Arab Islamic city formed the interest of many researchers and historians. They sought to know the political, geographical and historical conditions that were behind its establishment. The Islamic Maghreb witnessed a wide urban movement represented by the emergence and expansion of cities. This arose as a result of the political stability that Morocco witnessed and brought about a radical change in society with the emergence of many cities that paved the way for the beginning of Arab stability, and these integrated cities combine the various conditions agreed upon by the Arab Muslims. Among these cities is the city of Raqqada, one of the most important cities of the Aghlabids, which was built to serve as their headquarters instead of the city of Abbasiya (the old palace), as it was known for its distinguished location, its many orchards, and its clean air. Accordingly, the current study deals with its origin, planning, and its political, social and economic history, as well as its cultural centres represented by the House of Wisdom. Thus, the city of Raqqada represents a scientific beacon and a cultural symbol in the Near Maghreb.