The Population Distribution of the Arab Tribes in Egypt in the Mamluk Era
College Of Basic Education Research Journal,
2022, Volume 18, Issue 4, Pages 423-443
AbstractThe stability of the Arab tribes in Egypt and its cities dates back to the pre-Islamic era, and these migrations increased in the Islamic eras, starting with the liberation of Egypt in the Rashidun era, passing through the Umayyad and Abbasid eras. These migrations remained continuous to Egypt despite their separation from the Abbasids after the establishment of the Fatimid and Ayyubid states in it. Furthermore, when the Mamluk state was established on the ruins of the Ayyubids, the tribes had taken their natural position in stability due to the long period of their migration, and with Izz al-Din Aybak assuming the throne of the Sultanate in Egypt in a year ( 648 AH / 1250 AD) and the establishment of the Mamluk state. The Arab revolutions of these tribes began to break out against them in the various regions of Egypt, because they considered the Mamluks to be strangers to the country and that their original people were deserving of this rule on the one hand. They were considered slaves who had no right to rule the country and its free people on the other hand, so it was these revolutions and the reaction of the Mamluk sultans to them and their efforts which eliminate these revolutionaries and their role in changing the population map of these tribes in Egypt from what it was in previous ages. According to these changes, the study talks about their areas of distribution separately, in order to make it clear to the honorable reader to understand the political events.
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