This study aims at investigating hyponymy and its semantic category in Wilde's The Nightingale and the Rose. It also aims to discover and highlight the most dominant as well as the least category kinds in this short story. In the study under investigation, it has been found 113 hyponyms and they have been divided into 27 categories namely; body and its parts, plant, colour, occupation, appearance, time, flowers, animal, five senses, sex-male, sex-female, gemstone, family, voice, parts of the house, garden, distance, fruit, age, instruments, liquids, furniture, size, sleep, building, transportation and insect, respectively. The findings of the research have found that the most dominant type is body and its parts which occurred 13 times, while the least type was insects, which occurred only once in the data under investigation. The findings of the study can assist English teachers and students learn and apply new vocabulary concepts, allowing them to better understand the language of literary literature. .