Landform Geomorphology Classification of Ashkaft Fold
College Of Basic Education Research Journal,
2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 578-608
AbstractLand classification means unifying the shapes of the earth's surface and categorizing them into groups arranged according to a hierarchical hierarchical system that extends from the major terrestrial systems to the smaller terrestrial units
Land forms are the result of a number of factors, the most important of which are (structural, climatic, hydrological and biological factors), as their effects are intertwined between the forces of resistance and the forces of movement in the formation of the land appearance, and by the energy they carry, they change the surface of the earth through its external processes (weathering and erosion forces) represented by physical variables. And the chemicals that play the main role in the evolution of the terrain, for example, weathering works to prepare the rocky crumbs for movement of different types: air and water, and the elements of climate have an effective role in activating geomorphic processes, as well as living organisms, humans, animals, and microorganisms.
For this reason, the study of the landforms that resulted from the geomorphological factors and processes within the study area, through the analysis of topographic maps, and aerial photographs covering the study area according to what is available, in addition to documenting these forms in the field through the field study.
The researcher relied on the global (ITC) system issued by the Space Research Center in the Netherlands, to classify the landforms, and according to what is in circulation, it is one of the best systems adopted in the departments (geographical and geological), which is based in its classification of landforms on the nature of geomorphological factors and processes Responsible for the formation of these forms, this is what is done and preferred by most geomorphologists in the world
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