The establishment of the National Fascist Party and its arrival to power in Italy
College Of Basic Education Researches Journal,
2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 805-826
Abstract.The establishment of the Italian National Fascist Party by Mussolini in 1919 AD is the first fascist party that arose in Europe that witnessed the emergence of fascist movements and parties in the period between the two world wars, and what helped this was the growth of Italian nationalism and the tragedies that the First World War resulted in Italy on Although it was one of the victorious countries in the war, since the reconciliation countries marginalized their share of compensation at the peace conference in 1919. Italy's joining the First World War was on the side of the Allies, hoping that its participation would bring it good, because of the sacrifices it made and the burden on its treasury, which was reflected in the political situation and led to its deterioration. Thus the political and economic deterioration reflected on the social situation and generated great discontent and attraction The masses to the fascist party, which is increasing day by day until it reached a force that would impose itself, and this is what Mussolini did by marching to Rome in 1922 and forcing the government to form the new government with his head .
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