That the human being is the essence of life and the basis for survival of his feeling of peace and security and ensuring his freedoms and respect for his dignity at all times. Therefore, international agreements came to ensure the public and private protection of the person against any aggression that might befall him.
Despite the high hopes raised by the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, they were not at the required level, as the number of victims is increasing due to the increase in international armed operations, whether or not of an international nature; and that all legal texts of the international agreements remained a dead letter that did not come into practice. .
The efforts made by the international community to develop and codify the rules and provisions that regulate armed conflicts, through international agreements, covenants and declarations, are incomplete due to the lack of deterrent penal mechanisms for anyone who violates them.
Despite the existence of international agreements that protect some special groups, such as journalists,
the provisions of these articles do not provide full protection for this category, just as states do not adhere to
international agreements, but rather rely on the balance of power without regard to the rules and provisions of international