Main Subjects : Physical education and sports science


The impact of the constructive John Zahrek model on the achievement of the third -grade students in mathematics and the development of their side thinking

entithar al-hamdany

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 249-276
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175666

Abstract:
The aim of the research is to identify (the effect of the John Zahorek model on the achievement of third-grade intermediate students in mathematics and the development of their lateral thinking); The research sample consisted of (63) female students of the third intermediate grade, and they were divided into two groups: an experimental group with (33) students, and a control group with (30) female students after the researcher rewarded them statistically in the variables: (chronological age, intelligence test, lateral thinking test.
The researcher herself taught mathematics to the students of the experimental group according to John Zahorek's constructivist model, and to the students of the control group according to the usual method; The researcher prepared an achievement test that consisted of (40) objective paragraphs of the type of "multiple-choice", and prepared a test of lateral thinking consisting of (16) paragraphs that consist of puzzles, and their validity and reliability were verified; After completing the experiment and applying the two tools to the two groups, the researcher analyzed the results, and the results showed:
There is a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied with John Zahorek's constructivist model and the average scores of the control group students who studied in the usual way in the achievement test in favor of the experimental group.

The Effect of (SQ3R) Strategy on the achievement on fourth stage literary student in geography

Hussein اسماعیل Ismail

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 195-226
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175664

The research aim’s to identify the impact of the (SQ3R) strategy on the
achievement of Fourth grade literary students in geography, the total number of
the sample reached (41); (20) students for the experimental group and (21)
students for the control group. The process of equivalence between the two
groups in some variables, they are:(age in months, the general average of the
student for the third intermediate grade, achievement in geography for the third
intermediate grade, intelligence quotient, Parents' educational level), Theresearcher prepared an achievement test instrument in the subject of the
foundations of geography and its techniques, After applying the achievement test
and the geography literacy scale for the two research groups, data were collected
and statistically analyzed using the (Mann-Whitney) test, and the results was that
there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0,05)
between the mean scores of the achievement test for the experimental and control
groups, And for the benefit of the experimental group students, according to the
results of the research, the researcher concluded the effectiveness of teaching
using the (SQ3R) strategy in middle and high schools in the city of Mosul, and to
complement the current research, the researcher suggests conducting more
studies, such as the effect of the (SQ3R) strategy on the achievement of fifth grade
literary students and the development of their environmental awareness,
conducting a similar study to the current study dealing with the same variables
on other subjects like History or Arabic language.

Experimental construction of kinetic speed of arms and legs in free swimming In the water for advanced swimmers

احمد موید العنزی

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 637-657
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175689

The current research aims to:
- Experimental construction of kinetic speed of the arms and legs inside the water in free swimming for advanced swimmers in the central and northern regions of Iraq.
Setting standards and levels for the kinetic speed tests of the arms and legs for free swimming in the water for advanced swimmers in the central and northern regions of Iraq.
The research community included the advanced swimmers in Iraq, who numbered (160) swimmers. As for the research sample, who were deliberately chosen from the central and northern regions of Iraq, their number reached (100) swimmers. They represented the two samples of building tests and setting standards, as the proportion of the research sample was (62.5). %) of the total research population.
The researcher concluded:
- As a result of following the scientific methods for constructing tests, it was reached to construct two tests of kinetic speed of the arms and legs in the water in free swimming for advanced swimmers in Iraq, enjoying good scientific foundations of honesty, stability, objectivity and an appropriate natural distribution.
The researcher recommends:
- Adopting the designed tests that the researcher built in the current research when evaluating and measuring the kinetic speed characteristic of the arms and legs of the advanced swimmers in Iraq.
 

Building sport violence scale for special needs Players""

Mohammed AbdAlsalam Hazem Alhyali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 658-688
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175690

Building sport violence scale for special needs Players""
Asistant leacture: Mohammed AbdAlsalam Hazem Assistant. Prof: Rafeh Edris Abdulghafor
The Research aims at:
- Buliding sport violence scale for social needs player of basketall with wheelchairs.
- Knowing the level of sport violence among handicapped players of basketball with wheelchairs.
Reasearch Hypothese:
- There are statistical differences in the degree of sport violence among disabled players of basketball with wheelchairs.
The researchers a diseviptive method due to its suitableness to the nature of the research and the sample were selected attentionally. The sample was consisted of (86) players, they represented (6) subcommittee, More ever, The researchers as materials of his study. After that, the researchers made a surraying test to measure measure the sport violence of the sample which was consisted of (8) players, They representeel disabled players of basketball of Paralympic committee with wheel chairs in Kirkuk in 1/4/2018. Then, tie applied the standards upon a sample which was consisted of (13) players who were the representive of Iraqi National team of basketball with wheel chairs.
The researcher also used a statistical case (spss) in order to get (percentage, Kai (K 2) square), arithmetic means, standard deviation, Test (T) of two independent samples, correlation coefficint of person, Spearman-Brown Equation).

Personality and its relationship to job performance among physical education teachers from the point of view of educational supervision

Ahmed Jasim Suleiman; Riyad Okab Meree; Dr-Basman Mahmood Ayoob Ayoob

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 820-849
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174563

The current research aims at standardizing and modifying a measure of personality traits applied to teachers in Nablus governorate in 2005 and to use it on the teachers of physical education in the representative Ministry of Education in Erbil, after presenting it to a group of experts in the field of psychological and educational and honesty, consistency, objectivity and statistical analysis, And compared to the annual evaluation of the supervision through the form of evaluation of the performance of teachers and teachers by supervisors specialists and educators in accordance with the standards for teachers to identify the relationship and exit recommendations appropriate, and in order to achieve this, the researchers used the descriptive analytical approach, and included The research community The teachers of the physical education in the Ministry of Education in the province of Arbil (325) teachers from three provinces (Nineveh, Anbar and Salahuddin) and distributed to (156) schools, the sample of the study has included (150) teachers of physical education distributors On sample construction and sample application. The data were statistically treated by the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, T test for two independent samples, Pearson's simple correlation coefficient.
The researchers determined the validity of the personality traits measure and the positive correlation between performance evaluation by comparing the annual teacher performance assessment form by educational supervisors and specialists, an annual assessment form approved by the Iraqi Ministry of Education.

Situational negotiating style of physical education teachers from the point of view of their school management in the center of Nineveh Governorate

احمد ادریس محمد

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 850-872
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174564

The aim of the research is to identify the situational negotiating style of physical education teachers from the point of view of their school administrations, and to collect data that required building and applying the situational negotiating style scale for physical education teachers of preparatory schools in the center of Nineveh Governorate, where the scale consisted of (33) items distributed over three patterns with (11) A paragraph for a pattern (permissive, strict, principled) after its formulation and verification of its validity and stability, the study sample was represented by the principals of middle schools and their assistants, where the construction sample included (114) administrators. Honesty and reliability, the construction sample represented (62.19%) of the population. The application sample amounted to (50) administratively, and (45) forms were retrieved, thus representing the application sample (27,43%) of the study population. The data was analyzed statistically using the statistical package spss, including the arithmetic mean and the percentage. The initial situational negotiator in his dealings with his school administration during the performance of his job duty, in addition to using some concepts related to the permissive and strict style emphasized by the administrative negotiation theory

Building and designing a test to measure the level of perception – kinesthetic for the skill of correction in the game of basketball

Saad Yassin Saeed Al-Obaidi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 873-890
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174565

Tests that are constructed and codified on samples representing the beneficiary community are more appropriate than others that are constructed and codified on samples that represent another community, where the researcher noticed that the training process with regard to the manifestations of sense – motor perception proceeds randomly through the training environment without there being precise exercises focused on the development of these mental processes directly, so the research problem arose, the research aims to test to measure the performance the level of perception of the shooting distance in the game of basketball , setting a standard for test scores and levels.
The researcher dealt with the theoretical framework of the stager of building the test and its classifications. included on players selected students , the research sample was selected by stratified random method, where the number of application sample (60) player, this number represents (22.72%) of the research community, the number of player (264), the researcher used the questionnaire, interview and test as a means of collecting information, as well as the use of the following scientific coefficients: persistence method re-test virtual honesty and subjectivity, and objectivity, and the researcher used statistical methods: mean, deviation correlation coefficient, test(t) for independent and equal samples, percentage ,loom, torsion coefficient, adjusted standard percentage score (6-&) .

*The most important recommendations were:

1 – Reliance on the standard tables revealed by the research in evaluating and evaluating the level of players .

2 – Take advantage of this test by coaches.

The physical self and its relationship to the accuracy of the performance of the shooting skill from jumping with the handball

mohammed mukdad Al-Rubaie

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 807-819
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174562

 
1. Recognizing the relationship between the physical self and the accuracy of performing the shooting skill from jumping among Al-Fatwa handball club players.
               The researchers used the descriptive approach (in the correlative method) for its relevance and the nature of the research. The research community was chosen in a deliberate way from the Al-Fatwa Club handball players and participants in the Premier League (2020-2021) as the research community included (22) players, while the research sample consisted of (20) players after the goalkeepers were excluded and not included in the research experiment, and their number (2) was excluded  the exploratory experiment was conducted (4) on them, as the proportion of the sample from the research community was (%90.9), The statistical means necessary to process the data were used (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, Pearson correlation coefficient). The researchers concluded the following:
1. A non-significant relationship appeared between the physical self and the skill of shooting from jumping to the research sample.
The researchers recommended the following
1. Urging the coaches to be familiar with the psychological aspect of the players. Giving him more attention in training units.
2. Urging the trainers to pay attention to the physical self and its impact on physical and skill performance by giving some lectures on sports psychology.
3. The necessity of informing the coaches in some sporting events of what the concept of the physical self means.
4. Conducting similar studies and research concerned with research variables on different samples and levels.

A cross-sectional study to evaluate the anthropometric measurements of middle school students in the city of Tikrit

omar Sameer Hamoo; عبد المنعم احمد الجنابی; ایلاف احمد الشمری

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 918-931
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174567

- Setting the lateral dimensions of the anthropometric measurements of middle school students for the three intermediate stages (first, second and third) in the city of Tikrit.
- Designing the profile grid for anthropometric measurements for middle school students for grades (first, second and third) in the middle school in the city of Tikrit.
- Identifying the distinctive anthropometric measurements of middle school students for middle school grades (first, second and third) in the city of Tikrit. The researchers used the descriptive approach using the survey method, and the research sample consisted of (342) middle school students in the city of Tikrit - Iraq and for grades (first, second and third) that were chosen by the stratified random method, then the process of obtaining data through (20) physical measurements she:
Body weight (1).
The lengths included (6) measurements:
(Total body length, torso length with head, lower limb length, arm length with palm, palm length and foot length)
- Oceans: It included (6) measurements:
(Chest circumference, abdomen circumference, hip circumference, thigh circumference, humerus circumference and calf circumference)
Symptoms: included (3) measurements:
(The width of the shoulders, the width of the chest and the width of the hips).The thickness of the leather folds included (4) measurements:
(The thickness of the skinfolds behind the humerus, the thickness of the skinfolds at the iliac process, the thickness of the skinfolds at the calf of the leg and the thickness of the skinfolds under the shoulder board).

Positive thinking and its relationship to the level of ambition among teachers of physical education in Nineveh Governorate

ahmed saeed altaee

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 788-806
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174561

The aim of the research is to:-
1- Identifying the level of positive thinking and the level of ambition among male and female teachers of agricultural education in Nineveh Governorate.
2- Identifying the level of positive thinking and the level of ambition of physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate according to gender variables (males - females).
3- Identifying the relationship between positive thinking and the level of ambition among male and female teachers of physical education in Nineveh Governorate.
The researcher used the descriptive approach using the survey and correlation method, and the researcher used the computer program (SPSS).
The researcher reached the following results:-
1- The positive thinking of physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate is characterized by a high level.
2- The level of ambition of physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate is characterized by a high level.
3- The positive thinking and level of ambition of physical education teachers are characterized by a high level, according to gender variables (males - females).
4- There is a relationship between positive thinking and the level of ambition among male and female teachers of physical education in Nineveh Governorate.
Recommendations and Suggestions:-
1- Urging male and female teachers in the Education Directorates of the Ministry of Education and School Sports Activity to organize educational lectures on the concepts of positive thinking and the level of ambition.
2- Conducting a similar study for other segments of society (employees, university professors, lawyers).

The effect of the comprehensive learning method according to the VARK model in developing learning motivation and learning a number of types of basketball passing

ali fattah

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 764-787
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174560

The current research aims to reveal:
1.The effect of the comprehensive method according to the vark model and the method used in developing learning motivation and learning the skills of shooting from stability and peace in basketball.
2.The effect of the comprehensive method according to the vark model and the method used in learning a number of types of basketball passing
3.The comparison between the two groups, the control and the experimental, in the post-tests in developing learning motivation and learning a number of types of basketball passing.
    The researchers used the experimental method for its relevance to the nature of the research problem, as the research sample consisted of (24) students from the second academic year in the Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - College of Basic Education - University of Mosul for the academic year (2020-2021) and they were distributed into two groups (group (control and experimental) and through a random lottery, the educational methods were distributed to the two research groups. Two educational plans have been developed for the two groups, and the program includes (16) educational units, the duration of one unit is (90).
     The researchers used the following statistical methods: (percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient (Pearson), skew coefficient, (T-test) to indicate the differences between the means of the related samples, the (T-test) to indicate the differences between the means of the samples. Unrelated (independent).
The researchers reached the following conclusions:
1.Prove the effectiveness of using the adopted and comprehensive method in developing learning motivation among the current study sample.
2.Both my adopted and comprehensive methods achieved learning a number of types of basketball passing.
 

Building scale of emotional athletic sympathy for the students of collage of Physical Education in the University of Mosul

Ahmed Hazim Aga; Ali Hussain tobel; Firas Mahmoud alkhoky

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 871-896
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.173434

The aim of the research is to develop a of sport emotional empathy scale, to identify the differences between students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at Mosul University, as well as to set standard levels of emotional sports empathy. The descriptive approach was used in the survey method to suit it and the nature of the research.
The research community of (740) male and female students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at Mosul University for the academic year 2019-2020. The construction sample consisted of (555) male and female students representing approximately 75%, and (100) male and female students were selected from the construction sample to conduct survey experiments of the scale, and were excluded from the main research sample, and (200) Students to conduct the validity of structure (statistical analysis of paragraphs) (sample of discrimination), and (100) students to extract the reliability factor, were also excluded from the research sample, and (155) students were excluded for not answering all paragraphs of the scale. The application sample was made up of (185) students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences representing a percentage (25%) of the research sample.
Due to the lack of sport emotional empathy scale for students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at Mosul University, the researchers develop this scale, and identified (four) primary domains expressing the basic domains of research, and depended in the preparation and formulation of paragraphs on the method (Liker)

The factorial construction of anthropometric measurements for students aged 16-18 years

Ahmed Raad Alsaqi; Ahmed Ismail Abdullah

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 851-870
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.173433

The aim of the search is to:
Determining the simple factorial construction of anthropometric measurements for students aged 16-18 years.
Determining a set of short scales that represent the extracted factors, as indicators of anthropometric measurements.
The sample represented four middle schools in the city of Mosul within the right and left coasts, with a total of (96) students, from each school 24 students, divided equally between the three ages. 22) Measurement, and the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, mode, skew coefficient, correlation coefficient and factor analysis were used as statistical means. As for the conclusions, they were represented by the following:
The factorial analysis of (22) variables representing the anthropometric measurements of middle school students aged (16-17) years showed four factors, three of which were accepted in light of the conditions set for accepting the factor.
The factors that emerged through the analysis and that were accepted allow the following names to be given:
Ocean factor and symptoms.
Body length factor.
Skinfold thickness factor.
- A set of measurements was extracted in light of the accepted factors representing the body measurements indicators (abdominal circumference, body length, and thickness of the skinfold of the scapula)

Kinetic education and its impact on developing some basic skills for second-grade students

Saad Salih Alrubaie

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 831-850
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.173431

The aims of the research are :
1- Discovering the effect of the motor education manner on developing some basic skills for a second stage in primary schools .
2-The comparison between the effect of the motor education manner and physical education lesson on developing some basic skills of the pupils for a second stage in primary schools in post test .
The researcher assumed :
1- The existence of significant differences in in pre and post tests between the two groups of the research on developing some basic skills of the effect of the motor education manner and usual physical education lesson for the pupils in second class of primary schools .
2- the existence of significant differences in post test between the two groups of the research ( experimental group and a control group ) in developing some basic skills for the pupils in second class of primary schools.

The Effect of S.A.Q Training on a Number of Physical Picks for Futsal Players' Youth

mahmood hamdoon alheyali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 965-995
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.173438

The research aims to reveal the differences in a number of physical variables for the experimental group players between the pre and post-tests. Also, it shows the differences in a number of physical variables for the control group players between the pre and post-tests. Moreover, the differences in a number of physical variables between the experimental and control groups in the post-test.
            The researchers used the experimental method for its convenience to the research nature, and the experiment was carried out on a sample of (20) players from Andalusia Youth Forum with ages (under 19) years, (4) players were excluded from the research sample, (2) players for the exploratory experience and (2) players were excluded for being goalkeepers. Homogeneity was achieved in the variables: age, height, weight and training age; and parity between the two research groups in the physical and skill variables that were determined by the specialists. An experimental design called the pre- and post-test randomized control group design was adopted.
The researchers used the following statistical methods: the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, skew coefficient, coefficient of variation, percentage, T test for related samples, and T-test for independent samples.
The data were statistically handled using the (SPSS) program to obtain the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, skew coefficient, T-test for related samples and T-test for independent samples.
            The researchers concluded that the (S.A.Q) style exercises carried out by the experimental group achieved an improvement in all the physical and skill variables by comparing the results of all the pre and post variables of the experimental group players. In addition, the experimental group that carried out the S.A.Q style exercises achieved better progress than the control group in all physical and skill variables by comparing the results of 

The Effect of Using Color, Icon, Image Strategy on Science Achievement for Fifth Primary Pupils and the Development of their Visual thinking Skills

Bushrah Khamis Mohammed; Rana Mahfodh Younis Al- Mula Thunnon; AHMED ABED

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 482-502
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.170308

 
             The current research aims at knowing  the effect of color, symbol, and image on the achievement of fifth graders in science and their visual thinking skills.   The experimental design with two equal groups, one experimental and the other control, was used. The size of the research sample was (60) students, with (30) students in the experimental group and (30) students in the control group, and the parity between the two research groups was done in the following variables: The degree of intelligence , the chronological age of the pupils calculated in months, the degree of science in the fourth grade, the educational level of the parents, a test of tribal visual thinking skills, and to achieve the goal of the research, two tools were prepared, the first: an achievement test in the science subject in its final form of (25) paragraphs, and it was characterized by honesty and stability, which amounted to (0.80) using the Couder-Richardson equation (20). As for the second tool, it is a test of visual thinking skills prepared by Abu Laila (2017). The two researchers extracted its validity, excellence, and stability, which amounted to (0.82) using the Couder-Richardson equation (20) and it may be in its final form of (26) paragraphs, and after processing the data statistically using the t-test ( T-Test) for two independent samples The results showed the effectiveness of using the color-symbol-picture strategy in the achievement of science subject by fifth-grade pupils and developing their visual thinking skills.

A comparative study in some respiratory system variables in case of rest (comfort) and effort in different temperature for swimmers

amjad hatem ahmad لا یوجد; Mohammad Hazim Younes Hazim Younes Younes

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 986-1005
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.170332

تعد دراسة الاستجابات الوظیفیة للجهاز التنفسی من الموضوعات التی اشغلت فکر العدید من الباحثین على مدى سنوات لما لهذا الجهاز من دور مهم وفعال للوصول بالریاضی الى درجة عالیة من الأداء البدنی .
ونظراً لتأثر الانسان بالجهد البدنی فقد اجریت دراسات عدیدة للوقوف على هذا التأثیر وظیفیاً ونفسیاً وانجازاً، ولما کان الانجاز البشری یتأثر بعوامل ومتغیرات کثیرة غیر القابلیة البدنیة کان من الضروری اخضاع هذه المتغیرات للدراسة والبحث للکشف عن تأثیراتها الایجابیة والسلبیة ومحاولة الاستفادة من هذه المتغیرات او عزلها عن التطبیق لتلافی تأثیراتها السلبیة وایجاد الحلول لمعالجتها ضمن القوانین المستخدمة فی الفعالیات الریاضیة .
تلعب درجة حرارة المحیط المائی دوراً مهماً فی تأثیرها فی الانجاز الریاضی وعلى العملیة التدریبیة بصفتها احدى المتغیرات التی قد تکون ایجابیة احیاناً وسلبیة فی احیاناً اخرى ومع ازدیاد المشارکة فی النشاطات الریاضیة مثل الترایثلون و سباحة المسافات الطویلة والسباحة الترویحیة التی استدعت الاهتمام بالتدریب فی البرد لکون الجهاز التنفسی یتأثر تأثیرا کبیراً فی درجات الحرارة یرقى الى درجة المشکلة لکون السباحة من الریاضات التی تمارس فی محیطات مختلفة فقد تمارس داخل المسابح المغلقة او المسابح المکشوفة کما فی سباقات المسافات القصیرة او تمارس فی الانهار او البحار والبحیرات کما فی سباقات المسافات الطویلة او السباحة فی ریاضة الترایثلون من المنطقی ان هناک اختلاف فی درجة حرارة ماء المسبح المغلق عن المسبح المکشوف وکذلک تختلف درجة الحرارة عن الانهار والبحار والبحیرات .

Construct and applying the existential attendance scale for advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate

Ali حامد Algbory; Manhal Khattab Sultan

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1088-1114
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169649

The research aims to:
- Building an existential attendance scale for advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate.
- Identifying the degree of existential presence among advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate.
- Identifying the levels of existential presence among advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate.
The descriptive approach was used for its relevance with the nature of the research, and the research community included the advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate for the sports season (2020-2021), which included (637) players, and the research sample was randomly selected from the research community and by (444) players with a percentage of (69.70%) of the research community, while the construction sample was (324) players and a percentage of (72.963%) of the research sample and it was applied to a sample of players consisting of (120) players with a percentage of (27.027%) of the sample search.
The two researchers reached the following conclusions:

1- The advanced football club players in Nineveh governorate have medium levels of existential presence.
In light of these conclusions, the researchers recommend the following:
1- To take advantage of the scale of existential attendance among the football players of Nineveh Governorate clubs, which has been built by the two researchers and to take in consideration the possibility of applying it to conduct similar researchers on other individual and collective sporting , with other psychological variables.
2- Paying attention to forms of social support, especially financial

دراسة فی بعض المتغیرات البایومیکانیکیة للبدایة المنخفضة لفعالیة ١٠٠ متر

nawaf owaid abood alobaidy; Abdul Malik Suleiman Ahmed; Rehab Joko Hussein

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1019-1041
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169646

العلاقة بین بعض المتغیرات البایومیکانیکیة لمسافة (50) متر عند رکض (100) متر من البدایة المنخفضة مع الانجاز للعینة .
استخدم الباحثون المنهج الوصفی لملائمته لطبیعة البحث . اشتملت عینة البحث على (4) عدائین یمثلون منتخب جامعة الموصل بألعاب الساحة والمیدان لفعالیة (100) متر حرة ، وتم استخدام الات تصویر فیدویة عدد( 4 ) ذات سرعة (60 ) صورة بالثانیة نوع (Nikon) یابانیة الصنع وکان ارتفاع عدسات الات التصویر (1م) عمودیة على مجال الرکض فی مسافة (10م ـ 20م ـ 20م) وبعدها عن مجال الرکض على التوالی کالاتی : آلة التصویر (1) بعدها ( 4.5) متر عن یمین العداء والات التصویر (4.3.2) وبعدها عن العداء ومجال الرکض بـ (8م) وذلک لاستخراج المتغیرات البایومیکانیکیة الخاصة لکل عداء منذ مرحلة الجلوس والانطلاق فی البدایة المنخفضة لمسافة ( 50 ) متر، وبعدها تم استخدام البرامج الاتیة کل حسب وظیفته للتوصل الى الصورة المراد دراستها عند بدایة الانطلاق لمسافة (10 م ) ولمسافة (30م ) ولمسافة (50م) من مسافة السباق الکلیة (100م) وکالاتی : برنامج ACDsee Photo Manager 2011 02 برنامج Max Track 03 برنامج SPSS الاحصائی 04 برنامج ( Kenova للتقطیع ) 05 برنامج Paint 06 برنامج word للطباعة . توصل الباحثون الى:
1- ان لطول وتردد الخطوة الدول الفعال فی تحسین مستوى الرکض وخصوصا عند الانطلاق ووضع الجلوس (البدایة المنخفضة) وحتى مسافة رکض (50 متر) من المسافة الکلیة للسباق .
2- أظهرت الدراسة ان لمتغیر زاویة میل الجذع التدریجی عند البدء من وضع الجلوس (البدایة المنخفضة) وحتى مسافة 30 متر الدور المؤثر على باقی متغیرات البحث من زخم وطاقة حرکیة وسرعة .

Construction and application of a measure of self-talk (negative and positive) with the players clubs Mosul city center applicants

Hisham Mahmad Ali Ali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1058-1087
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169648

The research aims to
- Building a measure of self-talk players clubs Mosul city center applicants.
- Identify the degree of self-talk and the fields of the players clubs Mosul city center applicants.
- Identify the differences in the degree of self-talk between players and individual and collective games in clubs Mosul city center applicants.
The researchers used the descriptive approach in the survey and relational method for its suitability with the nature of the research, and the research community consisted of the advanced players in the clubs of the city center of Mosul, who were deliberately chosen to achieve the objectives of the research, and their number(432) players distributed among(10) sports clubs. On the(285) players chosen randomly from the total research community, representing (73%) from the research community, while the application sample consisted of(117) players from the research community, i.e. 28% from the total research community to represent the application sample For the purpose of applying the self-talk scale that the researchers built.
The self-talk scale prepared by the two researchers was used as a tool for collecting data, and the construction procedures included: identifying the fields of the scale, the first exploratory experience of the scale, and drafting the paragraphs of each field in its initial form, as well as adopting the scientific steps and procedures in building the scale represented by the truthfulness of the content, apparent validity, and experience Exploratory, and statistical analysisd

The impact of possession exercises on some of the basic skills of young footballers

حسین احمد

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 910-932
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169682

The problem of the current research has arisen in conducting an experimental study for the purpose of revealing the effect of (possession-ball) training exercises on some basic skills of young soccer players, and in order to reach an acceptable scientific explanation to solve the current study problem, we have come to mind asking the following question: Are the (possession) exercises On the ball) have a positive effect on the total of basic skills under discussion, the goal of the research is to reveal the impact of (ball possession) training exercises on some basic skills of football players, and to reveal the significance of statistical differences in a number of basic skills of football players between the experimental and control groups In the post test, The research community has deliberately identified the players of the Bright Future Youth Sports Club in football in Nineveh governorate for the football season (2019-2020), whose number is (30) players, and the research sample consisted of (20) players representing (%66.66) of the research community. The researchers concluded:
1- The training curriculum for ball possession exercises implemented by the experimental group has developed in all basic football skills
2- The experimental group that used ball possession exercises in the post tests outperformed the control group in all the basic skills that were dealt with in the research.

The effect of regression exercises using the sandy and aqueous based in a number of physical and for soccer players

Dr-Basman Mahmood Ayoob Ayoob

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 933-951
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169681

The research aims to reveal the following:
- The effect of rebound exercises using the sand medium on a number of skill variables for football players.
- The effect of rebound exercises using the water medium on a number of skill variables for football players.
- The significance of the statistical differences in the sand and water media between the two experimental research groups in the post tests
The researcher used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the research. The experiment was carried out on a sample of the (24) players of the Muthanna Sports Forum in Football, who were (17- 19) years old.
A group, The latest training curriculum that used rebound exercises that was implemented by the two experimental groups had a positive effect in developing all the football skill variables under consideration.
- The first experimental group (the water medium), which used rebound exercises, outperformed the second experimental group (the sandy medium), which used the same rebound exercises in the variables under investigation and for the benefit of the post test.

The impact of using anchor activities strategy on learning some of basic skills in soccer

Amanj Mahmood Mohammed

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1297-1312
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168542

ABSTRACT
The research aimed to determine the effect of anchor activities strategy and common strategy in learning some of soccer basic skills and to identify the differences between anchor activities strategy and common strategy of the post-test. The researchers assumed that there is an effect of anchor activities strategy and common strategy in learning some of soccer basic skills and statistically significant differences in the post-test between anchor activities strategy and common strategy. The researcher utilized experimental approach, the population consisted of (144) first year students in physical education institutes in the centre of Erbil city for the academic year (2019-2020). The research samples are randomly selected that are (65) students, and the final research samples consist of (24) students, divided into two groups of (12) students for each group (B) Experimental group using anchor activities strategy. (D) Control group using common strategy. After conducting homogeneity and equivalence, the education program was applied, the main experiment began on 10/31/2019 and ended on 01/23/2020, meaning (12) weeks with (12) educational units for each group, and the time for each unit was (40) minutes, using statistical bag (SPSS). The research resulted in a number of conclusions, The educational program according to anchor activities strategy, has a positive effect on learning some of soccer basic skills, and there was a positive effect of the common strategy only in two skills (dribbling and ball controlling). Superiority of anchor activities strategy in compared to common strategy in acquisition of (short pass, middle pass, ball controlling)

The Effect of the Integration of the Strategies of the Flipped Classroom and the Hot Chair in the Achievement of Biology Among the Fourth Grade Students and the Development of their Critical Thinking.

Zeyad Bader Hamad

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 217-243
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168497

The aim of the research is to identify the effect of the integration of the strategies of the mold and the hot chair in the achievement of biology among the fourth grade students and the development of their critical thinking. The researchers used the partial experimental design and the pre and posttest. The researchers chose (b) to represent the experimental group, which is taught according to the integration of the inverted and hot chair, and was chosen (a) as a control group, which is taught in the traditional way. The number of students is 84 students, 40 students in the experimental group and 44 students in the control group. The two groups were rewarded in the variables: age of students, intelligence, measure of thinking and learning achievement of the parents. The researchers prepared the research tool and the test of critical thinking. And straight Instruments used test (T-test) for data processing, the results showed the superiority of the experimental group that studied according to the inverted row hot and chair integration in the collection of living material in the fifth grade science students and the development of critical thinking.Keywords: Integrating Flipped Classroom & Hot Seat, Critical Thinking

Management by expectation in the colleges of Baghdad University in the light of the Kaizen methodology from the viewpoint of its administrative leaders

Yousif Yaqoob shahatha

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 191-216
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168496

The research aimed to identify the administration with the exception in the colleges of the University of Baghdad in the light of the casein methodology.
The descriptive analytical method has been used, and the research community has been empowered by administrative leaders in the colleges of Baghdad University. The study sample reached (50)
To achieve the results of the research, a tool (questionnaire) consisting of three areas (administrative empowerment - time management - participation in decision making) was prepared with (6) paragraphs for each field. The tool was judged by a number of specialists to ensure its honesty and reliability.
Statistical processing:
After field application of the research tool, the information provided was blanked, and statistically analyzed with the adoption of manual dumping of open responses. SPSS was used using the iterations, averages and standard deviations program to analyze results.
The most important results of the research:
the first goal:
The weakness of the reality of decentralized management of the deans of the Faculties of Baghdad University. As the average of the sample scores reached (32,198) degrees with a standard deviation of (6,432) degrees, which is smaller than the theoretical average of the questionnaire of (54) degrees.
The second goal:
Depending on the functional location variable
The results of the research indicated that there are no differences related to statistical evidence, which makes the views convergent between the responses of the administrative leaders.
Keywords: (Exception by Management - Casein Methodology)

The Relationship of some Kinematic Variables to the Performance of Backhand Clear Stroke with Accuracy in Badminton Players

Sabhan Mahmood Ahmed; Waleed Ghanim Thanoon; muhammad abdulgani sultan alluhaiby

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1280-1296
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168541

The study aimed to:
- Recognize the values of a number of bio kinematical variables for the performance of the backhand clear stroke for badminton players.
- Recognize the values of the accuracy test for the performance for the backhand clear stroke of badminton players.
- Recognize the relationship between a number of bio kinematical variables and the accuracy values of the backhand clear stroke for badminton players.
In order to verify the objectives of the study, the researchers assumed the following:
- The existence of a significant relationship between the values of a number of biokinematical variables and the accuracy values of the backhand clear stroke for badminton players.
The researchers used the descriptive approach with the correlational style, for its convenience to the study nature, The research sample was selected from the players of the elite clubs registered with the Iraqi Badminton Federation, and the research sample consisted of (7) players
The researchers concluded:
- The increase of preparing phase time of the backhand clear stroke is directly related to accuracy.
- The relationship between the hitting arm's shoulder angle and the free-arm elbow angle with accuracy was direct at the maximum return of the racket, while the relationship was inverse with the forearm with the racket angle variable in the backhand clear stroke skill.
- The relationship was direct between accuracy and the lead leg's knee angle variable and inversely with the ankle angle at the moment of the shuttlecock impact in the backhand clear stroke skill.

The institutional excellence of Iraqi Premier League basketball ‎clubs

Ahmed Raad Alsaqi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1261-1279
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168540

Excellence is an old concept, and in terms of age, organizations of all kinds ‎and affiliations aimed to achieve success, survival and growth, and in terms of ‎modernity and as a result of the intense competition between organizations, each ‎organization tries to achieve excellence from others. Therefore, it is an expression ‎of administrative creativity and organizational excellence, which achieves ‎extraordinary high levels of performance and implementation of the production, ‎marketing, financial and other processes in the organization, resulting in results ‎and achievements that exceed what competitors achieve and satisfy the public and ‎all the specialists in the organization.‎
The current study aims to identify the level of dimensions of the ‎institutional excellence of Iraqi sports clubs, as the researchers used the descriptive ‎approach to suit the nature of the current research on a sample of players of Iraqi ‎clubs participating in the Premier League basketball, and for the purpose of ‎reaching the results of the research, the researcher used the percentage and the ‎mathematical medium and the coefficient of simple correlation as appropriate ‎statistical means.‎
The researchers concluded that Iraqi sports clubs enjoy a good level of ‎institutional excellence.‎

Evaluating the human, material and financial resources management in the sports giftedness departments of the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the specialized centers trainers

د عدی غانم غانم الکواز; محمد عطیة العبادی

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 757-782
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167743

The research aims to
1.Preparing the assessment tool for human, material and financial resources management in the departments of sports talent in the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the trainers of the specialized centers.
2.Evaluating the financial resources management in the sports talent care departments of the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the specialized centers trainers.
3. Evaluating the human and material resources management in the sports talent care departments of the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the specialized centers trainers.
The descriptive approach was used in the survey method, and the research samples consisted of the initial exploratory application sample of (10) trainers, the sample to verify the internal consistency and stability of the tool of (117) trainers, and the application sample of (68) trainers, and a questionnaire was prepared to evaluate The human, material and financial resources management in the departments of sports talent in the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports, which included two dimensions, the first of which was concerned with evaluating the management of human and material resources. The second dimension was concerned with evaluating the management of financial resources. The period on the five Likert scale.
The most important conclusions were
1. Financial management factors related to the preservation of public money and its good utilization, and the existence of a sound financial control system that provides the characteristics and conditions for using financial resources at a medium level.
2. The factors of human and material resource development came in the departments of sports talent care at the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports related to the proportionality of the numbers of coaches in the specialized center with the number of talented players and the provision of clothing, tools and sports equipment for talented people in the specialized in an Middle level.
 
 

The Effect of Using Rubber Ropes and Additional Weights Training on a Number of Basic skills for Volleyball Players

Marwan Samir Saeed Al-Khalidi; Ziyad Younus Al-Saffar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 731-756
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167742

The research aimed to the following: Revealing  training effect by using rubber ropes and additional weights training on a number of basic skills for Volleyball Players, Revealing the differences between the two experimental groups in the post-test in a number of basic skills  of volleyball players, the researcher hypothesized that; the use rubber ropes and additional weights training positively affect the basic skills of volleyball players, There are no differences between the two experimental groups in the post-test in a number of basic skills for volleyball players, The experimental approach was used for its suitability to the nature of the research, the experiment of the research was conducted on a sample chosen by the intentional method and which was represented by  Nineveh Sports Club's volleyball players in the category of (advanced players).they was (12) the sample was divided by using lottery into two experimental groups of (6) players for each group. Equivalence between the two groups was considered in the variables of the research (basic skills). the experimental design called pre and post- test equivalent groups design was used, personal interview, tests and measures, and questionnaires were adopted as means of data collection, After the completion of the training program and percentages were used as statistical means and Data was analyzed using by the statistical package (Spss),
 They researcher arrived at  the following conclusions: the use of special exercises with rubber ropes and additional weights training led to the development of all basic skills of volleyball players,and Training with additional weights surpassed the developing offensive block, and Training with rubber ropes surpassed the developing spike for volleyball players.
 

The Effect of Eegression Exercises Using the Sandy and Aqueous Based medium in a number of Physical and viriables for soccer players

Essam Hassan Al-Maadhedy; Othman Adnan Al-Bayati

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 711-730
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167741

The research aims to investigate  the following:
- The effect of rebound exercises using the sand medium on a number of skill variables for football players.
- The effect of rebound exercises using the water medium on a number of skill variables for football players.
- The significance of the statistical differences in the sand and water media between the two experimental research groups in the post tests
   The researcher used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the research. The experiment was carried out on a sample of  (24) players of the Muthanna Sports Forum in Football, who were (17- 19) years old.  The latest training curriculum that used rebound exercises that was implemented by the two experimental groups had a positive effect on developing all the football skill variables under consideration.
- The first experimental group (the water medium), which used rebound exercises, outperformed the second experimental group (the sandy medium), which used the same rebound exercises in the variables under investigation and for the benefit of the post test.

Evaluating the strategic planning of the sports activities divisions in the Iraqi public universities from the viewpoint of their staff

Afrah Abdalkhalq Alneame; Reyad Ahmad Alashrafee

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 783-814
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167744

- Setting a scale of strategic planning areas for the sports activities divisions in Iraqi governmental universities.
- Identifying the level of strategic planning stages in the sports activities divisions of public universities from the standpoint of their sport cadres.
The descriptive approach was used by the survey method, and the two samples of construction and final application included (102.157) of the sports cadres working in the sports activities divisions of Iraqi governmental universities, and to obtain data, strategic planning scale was set and included five stages: (environmental analysis, strategic direction, strategic formation, strategic application, strategic evaluation) and after the scientific conditions were met, the data were treated statistically through the arithmetic mean, percentage and simple correlation and tests for two independent samples.
The researchers have concluded the following:
- The strategic planning measure was reached in the sports activities divisions in Iraqi governmental universities, and its effectiveness was verified in measuring the strategic planning stages.
The sports activities divisions in Iraqi governmental universities operate according to a high level of strategic planning from the viewpoint of their staff and with the following indicators:
1. The high level of application of the stages of environmental analysis and strategic direction, strategy formulation and strategy implementation.
2. A medium level of implementation of the strategy evaluation phase.

The researchers recommended the following:
1. Applying the strategic planning scale to other samples such as directorates of sports and school activism, and directorates of youth and sports.

A comparative study of attention styles between players from Mosul club and the municipality club of football in Nineveh Governorate

ahmed salem ahmed

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 815-834
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167745

The idea of ​​the research is summarized in the identification of mental capabilities in all dimensions and in the detection of differences in these dimensions and in the whole mental capacity measure of the players of the Mosul Sports Club and the Al-Baladiya Football Club in order to know the players who have the best mental abilities for the purpose of involving them in the basic formation of the club or team.
 
 

The transfer of the effect of matches by changing the pitch of the stadium in some physical and skill variables and the anaerobic ability of the football players of the gyms

Adham Saleh Al-Bijwani

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 835-864
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167746

The aim of the research is to detection:
1- The effect of matches within the area (40 * 20 m) on some physical and skill variables and the anaerobic ability of futsal soccer players.
2- The effect of matches within the area (27 * 20 m) on some physical and skill variables and the anaerobic ability of futsal soccer players.
3- The effect of matches within the area (14 * 20 m) on some physical and skill variables and the anaerobic ability of futsal soccer players.
4- The significance of the statistical differences between the three experimental groups in some physical and skill variables and the anaerobic ability of Futsal footballers.
To verify the research objectives, the following hypotheses were put in place:
1- There are significant differences between the pre and post tests of the first experimental group in some physical and skill variables and anaerobic ability in favor of the post test.
2- There are significant differences between the pre and post tests of the second experimental group in some physical and skill variables and anaerobic ability in favor of the post test.
3- There are significant differences between the pre and post tests of the third experimental group in some physical and skill variables and anaerobic ability in favor of the post test.
4- There are significant differences in the dimensional tests in some physical and skill variables and anaerobic ability between the three experimental groups. 
As the experimental method was used for its suitability and the nature of the research, the research experiment was carried out on the sample of the Nineveh club youth in the futsal consisting of (28) players, and the research sample was divided into three experimental groups and by (8) players in each group, and the most important theoretical and practical research steps Analyzing the content of scientific sources, personal interviews, tests and the training curriculum, and conducting one  exploratory experiments, and before implementing the training curriculum, tribal tests (physical, skill, and anaerobic ability) were conducted in two consecutive days, and then the curriculum was implemented according to three intermediate courses and a pregnancy movement (2: 1) and at the rate of (9) Small courses The small course includes(3)  training units, and accordingly(27) training units were implemented during the curriculum, and then the dimensional tests were carried out. To extract the results, the statistical bag (SPSS) was used: (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, test (t) Correlated samples, analysis of variance, least significant difference (LSD) and percentage).
The following main conclusions were reached:
- The first experimental group achieved a significant superiority in (the maximum transition speed, velocity elongation, two leg strength, ball rolling, and anaerobic ability) better than the second and third experimental groups.
- The second experimental group achieved a moral superiority in (agility and strength characterized by speed for the two legs and scoring from movement) better than the first and third experimental groups.
- The third experimental group achieved significant superiority in (the kinematic speed of the two men and the speed of response and passing from the movement and suppression of the movement) better than the first and second experimental groups.
 
 

The Identifying the Percentage of the Contribution of Physiological Fitness Components in the Basic Skills of Futsal Players by Applicants

mohammed zuhair alfahhad; احمد موید العنزی

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 751-772
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167236

The importance of the current research lies in identifying the percentage of the contribution of physiological fitness components in the basic skills of futsal players to applicants.
The research problem arises in answering the following question:
Does physiological fitness and its specific elements contribute to some basic skills in gymnasiums for advanced players?
The current research aims to identify:
- Percentage of the contribution of physiological fitness components and their components in performing some basic skills of soccer players for advanced halls.
The researchers used the descriptive approach in both survey and correlational methods, due to their suitability and the nature of the current research.
The research sample consisted of club players (Police, North Gas, Nineveh) and (15) players from each club, where the number became (45) players from the total research community, and thus the percentage of the research sample reached (25%) of the total community of research, as it was done Selecting the research sample by the deliberate method to achieve the research objectives as they represent the central and northern regions.
The researchers concluded the following:
- The presence of a negative significant correlation between the test of bending the trunk forward and the skill of rolling football for halls.
- The presence of a negative significant correlation between the sitting test from the lying position until the exhaustion of effort and the skill of rolling with football for halls.
- The existence of a positive significant correlation between Carlson fatigue curve test and the skills of scoring, passing and putting down football for halls for the research sample.
The researchers recommend the following:
Emphasizing gymnasium soccer coaches, developing the qualities of flexibility, muscular endurance, aerobic prolongation, and the exercise of the circulatory and respiratory systems when training basic gymnasium skills.
             

Morale Among Physical Education Teachers in Nineveh Governorate Center

mqld taha alwtar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 703-728
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167234

Abstract:
The research aims to:
• Learn about the degree of morale among physical education teachers in the Nineveh Governorate Center.
• Identify the differences in the degree of morale between male and female teachers.
The researchers hypothesized:
• Physical education teachers have a positive degree in morale.
•There are no significant differences in the degree of morale between male and female teachers.
The researchers used the descriptive approach, and the research was conducted on physical education teachers at the Nineveh Governorate Center for the academic year (2019-2020).
The researchers used arithmetic mean, standard deviation, median, mode, hypothetical mean, torsion equation, T-test for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, Fakronbach coefficient, T-test for one sample.
The researchers concluded:
Physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate have low morale.
- There are differences in the degree of morale between male and female teachers and in favor of male teachers.
The researchers recommended:
- Attention to the morale of physical education teachers by specialists in order to improve the educational, educational and athletic level in Nineveh Governorate by increasing the material and moral incentives for them.
- Conducting other studies to identify the reasons and underlying motives behind the low level of morale among physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate.
Carrying out studies on the level of morale of teachers of other subjects.

The Effect of Using the Training Method on Learning some Basketball Skills for intermiddle Schools Girls Eng.

Noor Faris Ahmed; Dhamia Ali Abdullah; Safaa Thanoun AL-Imam

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 685-702
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167233

The research aims to:
Identify the effect of the training method on learning some basketball skills for intermidiate school girls
The researchers assumed:
That there statistically significant differences between the training method and the method used by the teacher in learning some basketball skills in favor of the training method. The researchers used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the research, and the research sample included (50) pupils , and by (25) students for the experimental group that studied according to the training method and (25) students for the control group who studied according to the method followed by the teacher. Equivalence was made between the two research groups in a number of variables of age, height, mass, and some elements of physical fitness and movement .An educational program was developed for a period of three weeks for each skill and by one educational unit per week for the two research groups. The experimental group used the training method and the control group that used the method used by the teacher and the time of each educational unit (40) minutes.
The researchers used the following statistical methods:
Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, T. test for linked and unlinked samples and data were processed using spss software.
In light of the research results, the researchers reached the following        conclusions:
The results showed the superiority of the experimental group that used the training method over the control group that used the method used by the school in learning some basketball skills.
As for the recommendations, they were as follows:
1- Emphasis on the use of the training method for its effectiveness in the process of learning chest handling, patting, and front correction with basketball in learning some basketball skills.
2- Using the training method in other subjects.
 

Response of pulmonary ventilation and its variables when performing physical exertion of gradient intensity in different temperature conditions in children aged (10-12) years

Ahmed Abdul Ghani Al-Dabbagh; Omar Alaalddin AL-Naqeeb

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 857-884
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167241

Research goal to:
• Identify the significance of the differences in the variables of pulmonary ventilation when moving from rest to an exercise of increasing intensity in children in conditions of moderate temperatures and hot.
• Identify the significance of the differences in the variables of pulmonary ventilation when moving from rest to an exercise with increasing intensity in children B between the moderate heat environment.

The two researchers used the descriptive approach for its suitability and the nature of the study. As for the research sample, it consisted of (10) children of (10-12) years old in the (Al-Jawadin) school for the academic year from Al-Diwaniyah Governorate, the final experiment was conducted in conditions of moderate temperature (22 ± 1 ° C) And elevated (30 ± 1 ° C) in complete rest and during the increased effort in the physiology laboratory at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / University of Al-Qadisiyah.

The two researchers concluded:
• That the aerobic physical exertion of gradual intensity under the conditions of a moderate and high thermal environment would cause an increase in the transition between all exercise phases in the pulmonary ventilation variables.
• Exercising in an elevated thermal environment may affect and increase the pulmonary ventilation when moving from rest to the phase of aerobic stress, compared to the conditions of a moderate thermal environment.

Building and Applying the Self-confidence Measure for First-stage Students of the physical Education and sports sciences departments in the Faculties of Basic Education

qusay fahmi albanna

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 729-750
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167235

Research Summary

The research problem was represented in the absence of a measure of self-confidence for students of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, and thus standing on the level of this psychological skill of students.
The study aimed to:
1- Building a measure of self-confidence for first-stage students of the physical education and sports sciences departments in the Faculties of Basic Education.
2- Identifying the level of self-confidence of first-stage students of the physical education and sports sciences departments in the Faculties of Basic Education.
The researcher used the descriptive approach for its suitability and the nature of the research, and the research sample was identified for students of the first stage in the departments of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Faculties of Basic Education in the universities of Mosul, Diyala and Al-Mustansiriya, whose number is (120) students.
The researchers concluded the following:
1- The effectiveness of the self-confidence scale that the researchers built on the first stage students / Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Faculties of Basic Education / Mosul, Diyala and Al-Mustansiriya Universities.
2- The high level of self-confidence of students of physical education and sports sciences departments / colleges of basic education / universities of Mosul, Diyala Al-Mustansiriya.
3- There are no significant differences in the self-confidence variable between students of the departments of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Faculties of Basic Education / Universities of Mosul, Diyala and Al-Mustansiriya

The impact of training strategy by performance that uses tempo trainer pro in achievement to 400 meters freestyle swimming for Iraqi national tame advanced ones

Alwaleed S. S. Albasso; Nawfal M.M. Alhyali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 773-796
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167237

- Finding out the indication of differences of achievement between pre and post-tests of both experimental and control groups.
- Finding out the indication of differences of achievement of post-tests of both experimental and control groups.
- Finding out the indication of differences of the impact of training strategy by performance modeling that uses tempo trainer pro between both experimental and control groups in the post-tests.
The researchers uses the experimental method since it suits the paper concept. The experiment was applied on a target of the Iraqi National Team advanced swimmers of 400 m freestyle swimming, (12) ones, so that the target is a collective one. Those 12 were classified into two groups of( 6) members each: experimental and control groups. The similarity of (height, weight, training and time ages) variables was done, in addition to the equivalence of (performance modeling, both Anaerobic and aerobic abilities and achievement) variables between both groups. Then, the experimental design was used by the researcher, which is entitled the equivalent groups of both pre and post-tests design, a matter that made the experimental group apply the experimental method of an independent variable (training strategy by performance modeling of critical swimming speed that uses tempo trainer pro) which is a training strategy the researcher put to achieve a good( 400) m freestyle swimming, getting the way of dividing the regular distance, grouping the level of training capacity to get the best performance of the critical swimming speed to go with Anaerobic threshold speed of each swimmer, decreasing the lost time during that competition, and other training and strategic goals. After that, the researcher interrelated with the Iraqi National Team method of( 400) m freestyle swimming during competition periods so as the experimental group could be applicable for him on his paper achieving days: four days a week and it lasted for six weeks. During that period, the experimental group had done( 24 ) training units that applied the independent variable. A number of scouting experiments were done before the application of the method on the paper target by the support of the assistant team, followed by a number of specialized tests on swimming from various and modern resources which had never been used and applied in our local and regional reality. Therefore, they had been grouped into our local reality through the achieving of the scientific factors. Furthermore, new statistical equations were used to achieve the tests: modeling and critical swimming speed ones. Also, relevant and independent T tests were used to get the experimental outcomes. An
imported system (Tempo trainer pro) was also used to help achieving the paper aims together with pulse measuring watch (polar type). The outcomes were furtherly discussed to help the researchers get the following concluding points:
- There is a prominent effect of the use of performance modeling in the evolution of the level of tactical performance strategy for swimmers of the experimental group, which caused its superiority over the control group in the achievement variable of freestyle swimming (400) meters.
- There is a positive effect of using the water rhythm counter (Tempo Trainer pro) in adjusting the speed parameters according to the appropriate stresses for the training and racing distances until the regularity of the speed and good estimate of the appropriate distance time during the effort of the experimental group swimmers as it was a reason for their superiority over the control group in the dependent search variables.
 

A Comparative Study of the Level of Achievement Between Women and Men in a Number of Activities Special Needs Shooting at the2016 Rio Paralympics

Thamer Ghanem Daoud Al-Sufi; Aqil Hamid Odeh

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 823-834
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167239

In the past, athletes with disabilities competed in the Olympics before the Paralympic nations emerged. He was the first athlete to do so, the American player George Esser, who was able to win six medals, including three golds, in one day, despite using a wooden prosthesis as a left-footed man in the Summer Olympics. Hungarian Karoly Takax also participated in the shooting competitions in the 1948 and 1952 Summer Olympics and was able to score two golds using his left arm, even though his right arm was amputated.
Sport for people with special needs is considered one of the activities that seek to achieve raising the capabilities of the disabled individual and his ability to be then rehabilitated in order to integrate him into society to be a useful person for his community and his homeland. Positive in the sports field.
The shooting event is one of the activities practiced by people with special needs in a limited way due to the difficulty of providing tools, equipment and stadiums for that event due to the high prices. Also, the countries that are interested in this event must keep pace with the development of shooting weapons of all kinds (pneumatic and rapid) as well as all other shooting tools so that we can As workers in this field, keep pace with the development in order to achieve the best results, and through my knowledge as a worker in the field of sports for people with special needs and keen and follow-up from me to address some of the existing in the training curricula that do not take into account the individual differences between women and men when developing training curricula that are far from their use Due to the precise proportions of the degree of difference between women and men, because the numbers reached by the heroes and heroines of the world exceeded the official total number of divorces, we had to keep pace with this development and be among the refineries of developed countries.
Hence the question, what are the percentages of the degree of difference that our coaches must take into account when developing training curricula for women compared to men, according to the type of activity and the manner of performance.
The following goals can be identified:
- The level of achievement of women compared to men in firing competitions at fixed targets (air pistol, air rifle, three-position rifle).
The best achievements that women and men achieve in the various throwing events.
The results were discussed and appropriate conclusions and recommendations reached.
             

Construction and applying a measure of psychological well-being for player Construction and applying well-being psychological scale for some advanced players of Mosul clubs s of some advanced Mosul clubs

qusay fahmi akeel

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 835-856
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167240

The researchers used the descriptive approach in the survey and relational style, and the research community included (224) athletes distributed among the sports clubs in some clubs in the city of Mosul. The applicants included (Fatwa, Bright Future, Nineveh workers, Iyad Sheet, and the municipality). The building sample included (157) players from The research community, representing (70%), and the application sample included (67) players from the research community, representing a percentage (30%). To achieve the research objectives, the two researchers built the psychological well-being scale according to the scientific foundations to build psychological measures and the scale consisted of (38) paragraphs distributed on Six axes.
The researchers concluded the following:
The effectiveness of the scale that was built to measure the degree of psychological well-being of the players of some advanced Mosul clubs.
-Players of team and individual games in some advanced Mosul clubs are distinguished by high psychological well-being.
The researchers recommended the following:
- Conducting future research to know the degree of psychological well-being among Olympic and non-Olympic Games athletes.
- The necessity for local officials and those concerned in the matter of sports to pay attention to developing the reality of sports clubs in the city of Mosul through material and moral support for the athletes segment and to provide psychological and physical treatment centers free of charge inside the city of Mosul to enhance the well-being of the players.

Emotional intelligence and its relationship to the level of performance of some basic volleyball skills among Qaraqosh sports club female players

Rabea H Salman Salman; Saad B Gargeas Gargeas

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 738-754
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166001

     The aim of the research was to identify the relationship between emotional intelligence and its relationship to the level of performance of some basic volleyball skills among Qaraqosh  Sports Club female players. Both researchers used the descriptive approach to its suitability to the nature of the problem, and the sample consisted of (14) female players from Qaraqosh  Sports Club in volleyball, who were deliberately selected from the research community consisting of (20) players. The researchers used emotional intelligence and skill tests to collect data. The SPSS system was used to statistically process the data. The most important findings of the researchers were: The sample possesses an average level of emotional intelligence, as well as a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and passing skill, and non-emotional between emotional intelligence and the skills of sending and crushing the volleyball of the sample. . In light of the findings, the researchers recommended that paying attention to the psychological preparation of the team and include it in the training curriculum, because of its positive impact on other training elements.Furthermore,attention and focus on some training and educational programs through which players can develop emotional intelligence.
 

The effect of a proposed educational program for physical education lesson on developing some life skills and reducing the phenomenon of school violence for fourth-grade middle school students

Ahlam dara Azeez Azeez

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 718-737
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166000

   The aim of the research is to: Prepare an educational program for physical education lesson for fourth-grade middle school students and trace the effect of the prepared educational program on developing some life skills and reduce the phenomenon of school violence.                                                                                                                                 
   The experimental curriculum was adopted to conform to the specifics of the research problem and its sample, as it included fourth preparatory students in the (brotherhood) prep in the governorate of Erbil, for the academic year 2019-2020, and the number (79) students. The research sample was chosen by random poll, as it reached (40) students, at a rate of (20) students for each of the two experimental research groups that were taught using the prepared educational program and the control that was studied in the usual prevailing way. The researcher used the statistical bag spss to collect and process the data, And concluded that the educational program for the physical education lesson had a positive impact in developing life skills and reducing school violence for fourth-grade middle school students. The results of the dimensional tests confirmed the progress of both experimental and control groups on their results in the tribal tests. She recommended the necessity of relying on prepared programs in which educational aspects crossed with educational curricula to refine the behavior of students at different ages and to improve their personalities by developing their life skills, paying attention to the emerging problems, life aspects, and the changing circumstances surrounding students and setting up immediate plans to deal with them scientifically and behaviorally, and to increase academic aspects to address aspects Demonstrated behavior in students' emotions and limiting their life skills.      

Organizational Equilibrium in the sections of educational and specialist supervision in Iraq

د عدی غانم غانم الکواز

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 776-794
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165727

الملخص
هدف البحث الى:
1-تصمیم استبیان التوازن التنظیمی من وجهة نظر المشرفین الاختصاص فی مدیریات الاشراف التربوی فی العراق.
2-التعرف على التوازن التنظیمی فی اقسام الاشراف التربوی والاختصاصی.
3-التعرف على ابعاد التوازن التنظیمی وعوامله من وجهة نظر المشرفین التربویین والمشرفین الاختصاص (اختصاص تربیة ریاضیة) على فی العراق.
استخدم الباحثین المنهج الوصفی التحلیلی وقد تم الاعتماد على الاستبیانات فی الحصول على البیانات اللازمة، وقد استخدم الباحثین طریقة الحصر الشامل للمشرفین التربویین والاختصاصیین التابعین لمدیریة الاشراف التربوی فی العراق والبالغ عددهم الکلی ( 514 ) مشرف، حیث وزع الاستبیان على المشرفین فی أغلب محافظات العراق وقد تضمن الاستبیان (44) فقرة، تم تحلیلها باستخدام برنامج (Spss) واستخدام الاسالیب الاحصائیة اختبار (ت) لعینتین مستقلتین فی استخراج القوة التمیزیة لعبارات المقاییس، ومعامل ارتباط بیرسون لقیاس الاتساق الداخلی للمقاییس، معامل الفا ، والتجزئة النصفیة فی استخراج الثبات، التکرار والنسبة المئویة فی استخراج مستویات الاجابة على المقاییس، المدى وطول الفئة، کانت اهم النتائج صلاحیة استبیان التوازن التنظیمی فی قیاس ابعاده فی مدیریة الاشراف التربوی وأوصت الدراسة باهتمام وزارة التربیة العراقیة بالحوافز المادیة والمعنویة لما لها تأثیر فی مهام وعمل المشرفین التربویین ومنحها فی وقتها المحدد لما لها تأثیر ایجابی فی نفوس المشرفین، والعمل على اجراء دراسات مشابهة عن دور التوازن التنظیمی.

Administrative and technical obstacles in the five-way football championship between high schools in Mousel City from the viewpoint of the teachers of sports education

Dr-Basman Mahmood Ayoob Ayoob

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 795-812
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165724

The research aims to: -
To identify the degree and level of administrative and technical obstacles in the secondary school football championship in Mousel City from the point of view of the teachers of sports education. The curriculum was used in the survey method and the study sample (84) was included as a teacher from the teachers of sports education in the Department of Education of Ninawa and for obtaining the data a survey form was designed for administrative and technical constraints and applied after the availability of the scientific conditions in it of truthfulness and stability. The data were treated statistically through the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, the Seberman Brown equation, Gitman equation, and the Alpha Kronbach coefficient .
The researcher has drawn several conclusions:
- The administrative side has highlighted the limitations of the financial resources allocated to the championship, as well as the absence of features and advertisements for the championship in the venues of its matches, which indicate that there is a formal tournament.
The researchers recommended some recommendations, including:
1- the necessity that the General Directorate of Education of Ninawa allocate sufficient financial resources to hold the school sports competitions and to prepare all the requirements of its management, with the emphasis on activating the Directorate of Sports and School Activity through the means of advertising and advertising the championship.

The Effect of using ( Games Approach ) on learning some basic Skills of Volleyball

Adnan hadi mousa hadi hanona

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 755-775
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165729

In the way ( method ) of games , female players are prepared to play more in other games during training, and once they learn how to fit these skills and adapt them to various playing situations in other games and enjoy playing, their motivation and enthusiasm in learning and developing skills in the actual game will increase, which helps them to success in it. the research aims to reveal the differences between the pre and post-tests and the two experimental and control groups, as well as in the post-test between the two research groups in learning some basic skills with volatile volatility.
The researcher used the experimental method in the research, and the research community was chosen from the junior female players in Qaraqosh Sports Club of voleyball and the number of the players was 30 player. the research sample consisted of (24) female player, divided into two experimental and control groups, and by (12) femal players for each group. and the use of appropriate statistical means through which the researcher concluded that the games method had an effective role and a positive effect in learning some basic skill in the volley ball, as well as the superiority of the experimental group female players over the group's controlling female players in learing all the basic skills that they dealt with in their studies. as for the most important recommendations, it was a possibility using the games method in the process of education and training.