Main Subjects : Special Education


Comparative Study of the Effect of Religious Summer Schools held in Mosques on the Recitation of third and Fourth Graders for the Texts of Islamic Education

Lubna Yusuf Al harbe

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 71-96
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167717

The Current research aims to make a comparative study a bout the effect of religious summer school held in mosques on the recitation of third and fourth graders of the texts of Islamic Education . Limits of the research were third and fourth graders pupils in four schools ( two for males and tow for females ) for the academic year ( 2012 – 2013 ) . Al-Firdous and Om AL.Qura mosques in AL-Kafaat AL thaniya quartery . Each mosque held two sessions of the religious course one for males and the other for females . Sample was ( 400 ) pupils . The researcher made a recitation test of quranic verses in their syllabus . to verify it , the test was shown to a pannal of experts to know its surface reliability . Correction stability factor was found using ( Peason conjunction factor ) due to the possibility of error in estimating degrees in tests by having a Correcting a Correcter for two times in a raw . The Pearson conjunction factor for dual orrection ( 0.97 ) and the stability of two independent correctors In addition to a professional correcting person in this field reached ( 0.88 ) indicating a high stability test . later , data were statistically analyzed and the results showed statistic cally Significant difference at the level for ( 0.05 ) between test degrees for the pupils in first and second hypotheses of third and fourth graders and in favor of the pupils who participated in religious course . No statistically significant differences were found between groups in third and fourth hypotheses related to sex variable .Given the previous resuits , the researcher made some recommendations like : teachers urge their students at the end of the academic year to enroll in religious courses held in mosques . As a completion , the researcher suggested initiating a study to know the effect of religious Courses on behavioral and moral aspects of the pupils.

Cornerstone of Orgaizetional Filter between Determinants and Contributions A survey study of opinions sample of worker’s in Rifidaan bank

Sultan Ahmed Khleaf Alnofal; Daham owaid matrood

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 173-194
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167721

This study aim to introduce framine a s theoretical cornerstone of organizational filter as well as determine the level availability of it on organization research.
The problem of study fete of question: Do determined research have methods guarantee to decide of organizational filter in field work that could to performance tasks?
The hypothesis study is Non availability of organization research cornerstone that internalization of organizational filter, also the study depend questionnaire as tool collect of data that specified of cornerstone organizational filter that distributed of random sample of work (42) persons and the researcher used statistical method such as (Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and factor analysis). The study reached many conclusions for instance (there are availability cornerstone of organizational filter as well as           centered of this phenomenon in six factors that rotation matrix and Eigen values are more one.
The study introduced many recommendations such as:
Diagnosis of supporting factors of interpretation of Cornerstone of Orgaizetional Filter inorder to philosophy knowledge  of contents and measured of impacts.
 

Evaluating the Teaching Skills of the Applicants in the Mathematics Department

Luma Akram Saadalden Al-Naimi; Hoda Younis Khalil

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 151-172
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167720

Programs developed on the basis of teaching skills require applicants during the period of training before graduation to reach a specific level of teaching performance as a condition for the practice of the teaching profession in the future. The aim of the present research is to find out the level of performance of applied students from the point of view of the supervisors of the Faculty of Basic Education, Department of Mathematics, the research sample consisted of (67) students from the Department of Mathematics, the fourth stage of the academic year 2018-2019 The researcher used the t-test for one sample and the results showed that there are statistically significant difference for the performance of the applied student in favor of the arithmetic mean for the general level of performance of students applying  for teaching skills , as well as the presence of statistically significant differences for the arithmetic mean, however, was particularly good in the skill of managing teaching performance.

Comparison between the Strategy of Opposite class and the Strategy of Jigsaw Integrative,in the Performance by the Students of physics Department, for the Applications of Measurement and Evaluation

dr.mohib mahmood lecturer

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 1-34
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167708

The aim of  research is to compare the strategy of opposite class  and the strategy of Jigsaw integrative in the performance of students of  physics department for the applications of measurement and evaluation. The sample consisted of (80) students selected in  random  style from the fourth class  students in the physics department at the College of Education for Pure Sciences / Mosul University for the academic year. (2018-2019)distributed in two equal groups in the first one , experimental group(1) consisted  (40) students studied the strategy of the opposite class, while the experimental group (2) of (40) students studied  according to the strategy of Jigsaw integrative.
To achieve the research aim , the researcher prepared teaching plans and applied statistical issues through analysis and characteristics of the target group and  Fundamentals of strategies and teaching skills . The researcher formulated five specific article paragraphs answering a mathematical operative related to a standard process reached through a set of mathematical steps. The researcher has verified the validity , reliability and psychometric properties of the tool, and then carried out his experiment on the research sample  with himself and the students of physics department and then the data were analyzed statistically and the results indicated than :
1-There is a statistically significant difference between the arithmetic average of performance and the theoretical average (15) and for the benefit achieved.
2-There is a statistically significant difference between the average performance achieved and theoretical and for the benefit achieved.
3-There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (05.0) between the average performance of the two experimental research groups for statistical applications.
In the light of the results, the researcher concluded:
The possibility of applying the opposite class strategy and Jigsaw integrative strategy in the measurement and evaluation for the fourth class  students / physics department.
It also recommended the adoption of the same strategies in the decision of measurement and evaluation for its importance.
As a complement to the current research, the researcher also suggested conducting several future studies.

Behavioral manifestations practiced by students of the College of Education for Humanities during the period of home quarantine

Alia Sobhi Al-Khashab

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 125-150
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167719

The current research aimed to identify the behavioral aspects practiced by students of the College of Education for Humanities during the period of home quarantine and to identify the differences in the level of behavioral manifestations according to the gender variable (male-female), the department variable (history, psychology), and the stage variable (second stage, fourth stage) The basic research sample consisted of (200) male and female students who were randomly selected from academic stages of College of Education for Humanities, with (115) males from Department of History and Psychology and (85) females from Department of History and Psychology, and (107) From the second stage students (93) from the fourth stage students and to achieve the goals of the research, the researcher built a behavioral scale, and apparent honesty of the tool was verified by presenting it to group of arbitrators and professors specialized in field of study as it has verified stability, with the Alpha Crow Nebach equation. Where the value of persistence was using the Alpha Crow Nebach equation (83), the researcher used the appropriate statistical means for her research such as Pearson correlation coefficient, T-test for one sample, T-test for two independent samples, and T-test for the significance of correlation coefficient. Results showed that there no significant difference in level of behavioral manifestations according to gender variable (male, female) and for benefit of females, and there is no significant difference according to variable of stage (second, fourth), and in favor of second stage students.

Innovative Thinking and its Relationship to Visual Intelligence among Students of the Faculties of Fine Arts and Architecture

Saber Taha Aljumili

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 35-70
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167713

Summary of the research: The main objectives of this research is to measure the level of difference in innovative thinking among students of the two colleges and the level of difference according to gender and stage. It also aimed to measure the difference in the level of visual intelligence between students of the two colleges in general and the stage and gender in particular. By preparing them the researcher and extracting their validity, statistical analysis and consistency in the standard method used in formulating research, as the innovative thinking scale consists of (30) items and the visual intelligence scale consisting of (25) paragraphs, and the data were analyzed and processed using statistical means such as the T-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, simple linear regression, etc. Results There is no difference in innovative thinking between the two faculties and according to gender, but there is a difference according to the stage of study, and there is a difference between students of the two faculties in visual intelligence and the stage of study, and there is no difference according to gender, and there is a correlation between the two variables of the research and there are contributions between them. Through what he mentioned, the researcher presented a set of analyzes and recommendations after the results that were achieved through the research.

Difficulties in Solving Mathematical Problems that First Graders Face in Mathematics, from their Point of View

Hairan Ibrahim .faris; Reem. Omran . Rasheed; Salih Younis Darweesh

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 97-124
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167718

This aim of this research to identify the most important difficulties that female students in solving mathematical problems .To obtain the aims of  the study the reserchers have adopted  anumber of  proceedings as following.
‌ Take a randomly samples  from  AL-Safa  intermediate  School  for girls in  Tikret. The first  stage  consists of  two sections (A-B) the  total  number  of  students  is (120).
-The research uses  different  statistical  means such as set of questions which  have been given to the students to  answer them. 
The study found that female students ’neglect of their studies and review, as well as neglect of homework, in addition to the inefficiency of some female teachers and their lack of modern teaching methods when presenting the lesson, as well as their neglect of individual differences between students and lack of communication with the guardians of students. All these reasons led to their failure to solve mathematical issues in Mathematics. Finally, the study presented solutions to the above problems and could be adopted by teachers to advance a better scientific reality.
 

The influence of using learning strategy based on brain on the achievement of fifth class primary school in science subject and developing their pivotal thinking skills

Fadhil Khalil Ibrahim; . Naktal Jameel Al-Khalidy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 1-20
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167203

The research aims at  investigating the influence of using learning strategy based on brain on the achievement of fifth class primary school in science subject and developing their pivotal thinking skills. Experimental design with pre-post test was used. The sample consisted of (57) pupils from two primary school in Mosul city. Achievement test consisted of (26) items was used . also the researches prepared special test to measure pupils  the pivotal thinking skills consisted of (19) items. By using suitable statistical procedures the results revealed that there is a significance difference between the experimental group who taught by brain strategy and control group who taught by conventional method in science achievement and pivotal thinking skills with the favor of experimental group. Some suggestions and recommendations were produced  at the end of the research.

The study aimed to identify the role of kindergarten teachers in developing creative thinking among kindergarten children in Iraq from the teachers'

Raedwaadhamid وعد حامد Alrashedi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 63-86
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167206

The study aimed to identify the role of kindergarten teachers in developing creative thinking among kindergarten children in Iraq from the teachers' viewpoint in the light of the available classroom environment. The study sample consisted of (95) teachers, within the Nineveh Education Directorate in Iraq, and to apply the study the researchers prepared a tool The study represented by a questionnaire in the skills of creative thinking distributed in five fields which consisted in its final form of (35) paragraphs. The results showed that the classroom environment and its relationship to the role of kindergarten teachers in developing creative thinking among kindergarten children was average, as both fluency and detail came first with an arithmetic average of (3.12), while the sensitivity of the problems came in the last rank with an arithmetic average of (3.00) The mathematical average for creative thinking as a whole was (3.06), and there were differences in the educational qualification in favor of postgraduate studies, and there were differences in teaching experience in favor of ((10 and more).

THE REFLECTION OF BULLYING IN SCHOOLS ON CHILDREN (A Social Field Study in the City of Mosul)

Reem Abdulwahhab

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 154-178
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165719

Bullying is defined as a form of violence, an offence or an intimating done by an individual or a group of people towards a person having a less strength through many physical, psychological or verbal violent methods. The phenomenon of bullying has spread widely in the schools due to many reasons leading to violence against children. Bullying has witnessed new invented methods to be used by the students in their violent behavior. The society and the families still ignore bullying. In fact, some families encourage their children to act like a bullying child or to antagonize others regarding that as a sign of success.
The value of this study lies in the exploration of the bullying's types acted in the schools which are ascribed to potential reasons causing many problems to the children in the school.
Owing to divorce, breaking and negligence in the families, the child falls in the mistake of acting violently that causes a very low level of education. The weakness of the administration in the school may lead the child to steal the others' homework or to feel jealous from the succeeded pupils.
Studies show that psychological factors affect directly or indirectly on the bullying in the schools. The absence of the parents' role, the teachers or the stability of family makes the child in need to fighting with the colleagues as a way to be relaxed.

Difficulties facing teachers and teachers of centers for people with special needs while teaching from their point of view

Ghosha Z Mohameed Mohameed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 179-200
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165986

    The current research aims to the difficulties facing male and female centers for those with needs during teaching from their point of view, its sample consisted of (54) male and female teachers with (24) male and (30) male and female teachers, affiliated to the Directorate of Social Affairs in Dohuk Governorate, at approximately (65%) To represent the research sample, the researchers prepared a questionnaire that consisted of (3) areas, which are the difficulties: (administrative (11) paragraphs, and technical (9) paragraphs, related to the nature of curricula for people with special needs (11) paragraphs). The total of them reached (31) paragraphs. By statistical means such as the Pearson correlation coefficient,
     The reference mean, the relative weight, and the choice (test-z) to arrive at the following results:
1- The difficulties of the questionnaire fields among the members of the research sample of male and female teachers in centers for people with special needs reached medium difficulties.
2- There are no statistically significant differences between determining between the views of both teachers and teachers when the difficulties they face in centers with special needs. The researchers came up with a set of conclusions, recommendations and proposals.

The effect of the PQ4R strategy on the mathematical average in mathematics logic of intelligence for second graders

Muhanad Hashem Hashem

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 50-76
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165983

 The research goal defines the effect of the PQ4R strategy on mathematical logical intelligence for second-graders middle school students, and to achieve the research goal, the researcher adopted the experimental research approach, as the experimental design was used for two equivalents groups with the post-test of mathematical logical intelligence, the experiment was applied to a sample of (70) students The experimental group (34) female students and the control group (36) female students from the second intermediate class in the middle (Al-Sham girls) for the academic year 2018-2019, the two groups were rewarded with variables (the previous mathematical knowledge test, the female student's age time calculated in months, the logical mathematical intelligence test The experiment requirements were determined by identifying the scientific subject and preparing the teaching plans, the research tool (Mathematical Logical Intelligence Test) was built, as the Mathematical Logical Intelligence Test consisted of (20) objective paragraphs, the validity of the test was verified and the test stability coefficient was acceptable, as was The treatment of difficulty, discrimination, and effectiveness of the wrong alternatives for the two test items was good, and the researcher taught the experimental group adopting the PQ4R strategy which is based on seven sequential steps (preliminary examination, asking questions, reading aloud, meditating, writing, reviewing), and studied the study group Duck according to the usual method of teaching, and after the end of the experiment the mathematical logical intelligence test was applied to each of the two groups (experimental and control), a number of appropriate statistical methods were used, including the (Kuder-Richardson 20) equation, the alpha-Kronbach equation, the T-test, and the coefficient Pearson correlation, and the following results were reache
1- There is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the mean scores of female students of the experimental group and the degrees of students of the control group in the logical mathematical intelligence test and in favor of the experimental group.
 

The effect of hot chair strategy in modifying the attention deficit of the third class, private education , especially in Reading

Harith M Sabri Alnueamy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 1-25
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165981

 
 The present   research aims at  identifying  the effect of using the hot chair strategy in modifying the attention deficit of third class pupils, especially in reading. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, two hypotheses have been formulated, The researcher used the experimental design with two equal groups, an experimental group and another control group. The number of the research sample reached (20)  pupils  by (10) pupils of the experimental group who studied according to the strategy of the hot chair and (10) pupils of the experimental group who studied according to the traditional method. The researcher has balanced between the two groups in the following variables: (The chronological age is calculated in months, the grade of reading for the second grade of primary school and the pre-test for the scale of attention deficit.) The researcher adopted the attention deficit scale prepared by (Al-Obaidy, 1999) and the validity of the scale was confirmed by presenting it to a group of arbitrators to find out its validity.Its validity has been confirmed by  using the Pearson correlation equation, and the validity coefficient is  (0.82). by using the Mann, Tennessee, and Coxen test results showed the following that there was a statistically significant difference between the average degrees of post-application of the motivation scale for the experimental group students who studied using the traffic lights strategy and the control group students who studied using the usual method.

The extent to which students of the College of Education for Humanities benefit from the Arabic language curriculum in overcoming spelling errors from the viewpoint of teachers

Sadam M Hamed Hamed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 119-153
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165985

 The aim of the current research is to identify the extent to which the students of the Faculty of Education for Human Sciences benefited from the Arabic language curriculum in overcoming spelling mistakes from the point of view of the teachers. The sample consisted of (42) teachers, (23) teachers in history department and (19) In the Department of Geography of the Total Research Society. to achieve the goal of the research, the researcher prepared questionnaire , the questionnaire formed of (32) paragraph followed by three variables are: (large, medium, And few), has been achieved, The researchers check the validity and reliability  Psychometric characteristics when applying the questionnaire to a prospective sample members, consisting of (30) teachers., after the final application, data collection and statistically analyzed using Pearson correlation and the weighted test, (t-test) for two independent samples showed the following results: 1-The views of the teachers (members of the sample) in the history section of the students benefited from the curriculum of the Arabic language to be taught to students of the first and second grades in the college of Education for Humanities (78.33%). 2-The views of the teachers (members of the sample) in the Department of Geography of the benefit of their students from the Arabic language curriculum to be taught to students of the first and second grades in the college of Education for Humanities (77.33%) .

The problems that facing the application of modern strategies in teaching curricula of the Department of Arabic Language from the teachers’ point of view

.Wasnaa Muhammad Farj Farj

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 201-225
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165987

The aims of this research were to identify the problems facing the application of modern strategies in teaching the curricula of the Department of Arabic Language from the viewpoint of lecturers, and the research community included lecturers of faculty of humanities and human sciences education at the University of Kirkuk, and the research sample consisted of (30) lecturers from those faculties, and to achieve a goal research. A scale of problems was built by handing out  an open questionnaire consisting of the following question: What problems do you encounter in applying modern teaching strategies? It was distributed to (20) teacher from the research community, from the teachers answered the paragraphs,  the questionnaire were formulated, which will be finalized from (27) paragraphs, the apparent honesty was extracted by presenting the tool to a group of professors specialized in educational and psychological sciences, and teaching method. Stability extraction by re-test method on a sample of professors of the Arabic Language Department amounted to (20) teaching staff, the stability factor reached (0.83), and the researchers used the appropriate statistical methods in data analysis and statistically processing, including Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test for one sample, and t-test for two independent samples The results showed that the teachers have problems in applying modern strategies, the results also showed that the faculty of arts have more problems in applying the strategies than those of the College of Education for Humanities.
1- The number of paragraphs that were considered problems facing the application of modern strategies in the College of Education for Humanities reached (21) items which constitute a percentage of 78% of the total number of paragraphs, and in the College of Arts (20) paragraphs which constitute a percentage of (74%) of the total number of paragraphs, while the number of paragraphs that are not considered to be problems facing the application of modern strategies in the College of Education for Humanities is (6) items, and it constitute (22%) of the total number of paragraphs.
2- The overall rate of problems facing the application of modern strategies in the College of Education for Humanities was (3.49), weighted, and (69.8) grade. And in the College of Arts (3.50) weighted medium and (70) grade weight.
3- There are statistically significant differences between the average responses of the two research samples in the College of Education for Humanities and the College of Arts. For the benefit of the Faculty of Arts at the level of significance (0.05(

The quality of life of orphans in the Middle school stage

Najia Ibrahim Mohammed AL-Dulaimi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 26-49
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165982

     The presence of the parents and the basic fundamental requirement in creating quality of life for children, especially the father, because the first role model for his children, as his image remains great does not match the greatness, an example of security, strength and masculinity and protects his children, an example of tenderness and kindness; because he embraces them, an example of love; an example of good education; because he guides them and advises them. Hence, the importance of having a father who instills values, attitudes, habits and concepts in the hearts of his children, this qualifies them for positive psychological compatibility with themselves first, and then with their external environment, which includes school and peer group in general.
       Psychological and emotional Compatibility can only occur within a family that provides children with affection, love, care, reassurance and a sense of stability. Any imbalance in the stability of this family through the loss of one of its main pillars from a father or mother may disturb its balance, which leads to cracking and the fall of its functions, her children are then subjected to emotional deprivation, which is a major cause of a lack of quality of life.
      Therefore, the current research came to study the level of quality of life of orphans in the intermediate stage, and in order to reach the objectives of the research the researcher built a scale consisting of (18) items, the researcher also selected a sample that included (150) orphans of males and females, and the researcher extracted items of the scale of coefficients of Validity and Stability in order to apply it to the research sample. After the researcher finished applying the quality of life measure to orphans, the results showed the following:
a-The sample suffers from poor quality of life.
b - There is no effect of variable (sex, and school stage) on the quality of life of orphans.
     After obtaining the results of the research, the researcher made a set of recommendations and suggestions, as follows:

Difficulty in learning mathematics for primary school students

Zuhoor Mohamed Saeed Saeed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 77-96
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165984

The current research aimed at uncovering the most important difficulties faced by teachers (Males and Females) of teaching mathematics subject for primary school students in the Mosul city, as well as identifying the impact of the gender variable in facing these difficulties. The current research identifies the teachers ( Males and Females)  of the primary stage of the Mosul city  for the academic year 2018-2019, Where a random sample of the research community was taken by 2% of the original community. ( Fathi Mustafa El Zayat, 2008, 20  ) scale was adopted. Consisting of 20 paragraphs, with five alternatives, The validity and reliability of the research tool applied to the study sample was extracted. The application took three weeks. After the data were collected, they were statistically analyzed using percentage weight as well as the test to detect the differences between the percentages, The results showed that the teachers ( Males and Females ) of mathematics suffer from a number of difficulties that hinder their work and is the lack of desire and enthusiasm to learn the article as well as teachers ( Males and Females )  suffer from the density of students in one classroom and the lack of educational courses for teachers (Males and Females), Teachers ( Males and Females ) of mathematics also suffer from lack of experience in modern teaching methods, which makes them focus on the theoretical side and neglect the practical side, Based on these results, the researcher presented a number of recommendations at the end of the research .