Main Subjects : Modern literature


Techniques of Meta-narrative : Elias Khoury's Awlad Al-Ghetto- Esme Adaة

Dr. Sahar Resan Hussein resan ِAkaraghule

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 357-404
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167729

The novel is no longer regarded as a pure literary work and a small isolated individual project. Rather, it has become a creative human construction with different sources and diverse cultures, languages, and styles. It is an innovative carnivalistic art for the techniques of being transformed and updated, techniques that make it distinctive and that give it origins, foundations, transformations, and philosophical cognitive contexts. This is because it opens to the ever-evolving psychological and scientific explorations in addition to the overlapping and mixture with other genres and arts. The novel is quite dynamic whose form is life itself, and it is vital and innovative. It always searches a meaning that interprets life in a way as to reconstruct existence again. The novel is no longer regarded as a pure literary work and a small isolated individual project. Rather, it has become a creative human construction with different sources and diverse cultures, languages, and styles. It is an innovative carnivalistic art for the techniques of being transformed and updated, techniques that make it distinctive and that give it origins, foundations, transformations, and philosophical cognitive contexts. This is because it opens to the ever-evolving psychological and scientific explorations in addition to the overlapping and mixture with other genres and arts. The novel is quite dynamic whose form is life itself, and it is vital and innovative. It always searches a meaning that interprets life in a way as to reconstruct existence again.

Artistic appearances in the novel Al-Barjas Candies

Fanar Khalil majeed Khalil Al Hamad

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 135-158
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167209

Literature is one of the means that a person uses to express what he has in mind, including thoughts, feelings, and a spiritual space that he uses in search of experiences that mimic his life experiences. In Arab literature there are elements and components that underpin and in its entirety this art, and the novel is formed from the arts that contain many elements without which the novel loses its value and its ability to communicate ideas.
The novel (Candies of Burgess) by Salem Salih Sultan is one of the conductive narratives that abounds in many coherent artistic aspects, including (description, dialogue, and personality), and this has made it a wide field for interesting and accurate research.
The writer has made the city of (Mosul) a place for the events of his novel, and made the war that Iraq witnessed after the year (2003) a time for the conduct of these events. The various elements of the novel, especially the characters, were mostly simple socially and culturally.