Main Subjects : Arabic


The Time Mark in the Very Short Story The Complete Works of Haytham Behnam Barada as a model

Khalid Jamal Hussien Salim Al- Jubori; Nabhan Hasson Al-Saadon

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 281-306
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167726

The selection of the creative Iraqi storyteller (Haitham Behnam Barada) came as a field of research for his collections of very short stories, which he called (suspended love / the second night after a thousand / the isolation of Enkidu / Tamahi / Ships and Caves) which he collected in one volume entitled (Complete Works: The very short story) which was printed by Dar Al-Now Publishers and Distributors / Amman / 2019 of coherent artistic techniques in which he worked hard to preserve the identity of the narrative text, as well as relying on sign, lighting, a quick glance and a visionary blow to express life experiences in society, so the mark formed a phenomenon Distinguished in his very short narrative works, through which he worked to uncover art and produce a new meaning within the communicative discourse between the narrator and the reader.
The research was divided into an introduction  and two sections . The first topic included through its study (types of time) in terms of natural time, which in turn was divided into (external / apparent) with its historical, cosmic and psychological (internal / internal) corner, while in the second section we devoted a study on (techniques Time) in terms of its types, retrieval and anticipation.

Aliastidrakat Alsarfiat Lilshaykh 'Iismaeil Alhamidi (T 1316h) Fi Hashiatih Ealaa Sharh Alkafrawi Limatn Alajrumia

Zaunab Hamed Ali; Kareem Thanoun Dawud

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 239-260
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167724

Moral science is one of the most important sciences of Arabic, as it and grammar together were born after the Arabs felt their need for them in order to preserve the Noble Qur’an from the melody that spread after the introduction of non-Arab groups into Islam, as well as to understand the Qur’an text as the body of rules  that regulate life.
Our ancient scholars had great efforts in writing on various topics of this science, so they enriched the Islamic library with valuable books of great benefit in order to preserve this eternal linguistic heritage, and we will adopt in this research marked with (morphological contemplations of Sheikh Ismail Al-Hamden (d. ) To highligh a part of Sheikh Ismail Al-Hamdi's efforts in this field, as the sheikh exposed many of the chapters of this knowledge and warned about them, clarified , and discussed them, adding that the commentator (al-Kafrawi), including his remarks in the chapter on sources, misleading, substitution, and miniaturization, has taken great care of it. It has undergone changes in its structure, and has completed in three sections after an introduction in which we dealt with the life of Sheikh Ismail Al-Hamdi and the concept of exchange as a language and idiom, and the first section was made to explain its morphological implications in the section of sources, and in the second section we dealt with its conclusions in the section of dependency, substitution and miniaturization. And make the third topic to clarify its conclusions with regard to controlling vocabulary, singling it out, and collecting it.
 

The Systematic Transformation of theologists, its Truth and causes

Ma'alim Salim Younis

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 467-506
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167732

The Ash'ari school of thought is considered one of the three most important ideological trends of the Sunnis and the community in the Islamic world, and it has a moderate approach that balances between transmission and reason in its evidence, and is based on foundations. From the Qur’an and Sunnah. Its prominent scholars are distinguished by their broad outlooks, knowledge, impartiality and objectivity, but their opponents have claims against the school and its scholars, and these allegations do not contradict the clear facts that we will prove. They claim that he returned to an archaeological belief and abandoned his Ash'ari approach, and we will prove in our research that he did not deviate from the doctrine of the Sunnis and the Ash'ari sect, since he left the Mu'tazila doctrine. And its establishment of the Ashary School.
 

The Absurdity of Recall (Nostalgia) and the Tendency towards Future Reading in Imru' al-Qais’s Nuniyya

nasrat salih oghaidi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 307-322
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167727

The majority of literary texts and their various genres are based upon the three units of tense (past, present and future). Despite the fact that there are many critical studies in this field, yet, there is still a room for interpretation since those literary texts, especially pre-Islamic ones, are loaded with various critical visions. As such, we chose to study Imru' al-Qais’s Nuniyya  addressing the very reasons for the poet’s vision of the absurdism of the mnemonic movements as well as nostalgia and at the same time his precipitancy towards future and its pleasures which indicates the poet’s pursue to neglect both past and present laying a tremendous interest to future and the pursue of its pleasures. This vision gushed out due to the poet’s consciousness of the inevitability of death, therefore surging towards future trying, as possible, to win as much of its pleasures.
 

Interpretation of the beginning of Surah Al Imran

Abdul-Malik Salim 'Othman; Abdul- Salam Marie Jasem; Aya Osamah Abdul-Majeed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 433-466
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167731

 
The Muslims' attention to the Holy Qur’an varied in respect of it and reverence for its position. This was from the grace of God and his promise to memorize it, and the Qur’anic readings - correct and odd-. And parsing, and in spite of those efforts that continued over the decades, some of these anomalous readings, in particular, are still widespread in books, some of them without explanation and clarification of their meanings and interpretations. In eight verses of it, the number of the recited readings was twenty-seven, some of which confirmed the continuous meaning, some of which came on the language of the Arabic language and memorized it, and some of which highlighted a possible meaning in the recurring wording, and some of them did not affect the meaning of the verse by anything, and some of them were support and argument For an interpretative opinion, a number of commentators went to it.

The Causal Interpretation of the Names as the one named in the book Crown of the Bride from the dictionary jewels

Hazem Thanoun Ismail; . Sumaya Mohammed Taher Abdullah

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 323-356
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167728

The research deals with the causal interpretation of names in the book Taj Al-Aar from the Jawaher Al-Qamoos by Muhammad Murtada Al-Zubaidi . The causal interpretation represents a form of interpretation on which the Arabic dictionaries relied. Reasoning by begging for a causal cause. The importance of this study appears in that the causal explanation is an important aspect of the linguistic lesson, and it is a semantic phenomenon and a form of derivation that is the measure of language, as it searches for the origin of names in terms of naming.
The research was based on a preface that deals with the Arabs naming names in terms of the name, then explaining the reasons for the names that came with several considerations, including: according to his work or action, or the effect of his action, his characteristic, his shape and appearance, or his color, or the source of his action indicating one of the types of derivatives, or In the name of the story of his voice.

The Image of the Other in the Letters of LiSan al-Din bin al-Khatib, an Interpretive Reading

Wakeda Yousif Kareem AL-Doori

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 195-218
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167722

Andalusian literature has outlined the features of its identity in the Arab, Islamic and global civilization in eight eras of creativity and scientific and literary production, and the emergence of figures that have been witnessed by history in science and literature.   his movement in administrative and political positions  won great favor with the sultans, and when the envy and those who hated him did not leave him, he was accused of heresy and burned his books, and his life ended while he was far from his homeland and died dead.
The concept of the image is related to the concept of the mirror, which is defined as a surface that reflects everything that stands in front of it and anything that has the property of the reflective surface, it is a mirror ... and that which stands in front of the mirror is known as the origin and which reflects it, it is known as the image;  And that what comes to the eye is a look at things not the things themselves.  The eye sees through the media, imagination and beliefs, meaning that the eye sees what it wants to see, not what is in front of it.
 The image is an artistic standard to highlight the aesthetic in the literary text, determined by the imagination of writers and their ingenuity in choosing the most accurate according to its psyche, and the dimensions of the image are a feature of the peculiarities of literary expression.
  The other can be a mirror through which he reads the ego, so the perception of the ego is inseparable from the perception of the other, and vice versa.  The existence of the other is necessary for the existence of the ego, and the relationship between them is an inevitable relationship or it may be a reflection of the image.
I will shed light according to an interpretative reading of the image of the other, both the parallel and the opposite one as well as the human and the place in the letters of lisan al-Din ibn al-Khatib.
 

Techniques of Meta-narrative : Elias Khoury's Awlad Al-Ghetto- Esme Adaة

Dr. Sahar Resan Hussein resan ِAkaraghule

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 357-404
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167729

The novel is no longer regarded as a pure literary work and a small isolated individual project. Rather, it has become a creative human construction with different sources and diverse cultures, languages, and styles. It is an innovative carnivalistic art for the techniques of being transformed and updated, techniques that make it distinctive and that give it origins, foundations, transformations, and philosophical cognitive contexts. This is because it opens to the ever-evolving psychological and scientific explorations in addition to the overlapping and mixture with other genres and arts. The novel is quite dynamic whose form is life itself, and it is vital and innovative. It always searches a meaning that interprets life in a way as to reconstruct existence again. The novel is no longer regarded as a pure literary work and a small isolated individual project. Rather, it has become a creative human construction with different sources and diverse cultures, languages, and styles. It is an innovative carnivalistic art for the techniques of being transformed and updated, techniques that make it distinctive and that give it origins, foundations, transformations, and philosophical cognitive contexts. This is because it opens to the ever-evolving psychological and scientific explorations in addition to the overlapping and mixture with other genres and arts. The novel is quite dynamic whose form is life itself, and it is vital and innovative. It always searches a meaning that interprets life in a way as to reconstruct existence again.

The verbs of Concealment and Coverage in Aribite languages a lexical study

Ameen Abdulnafi' a Ameen; Shayma'a Waleed Abdulruhman

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 219-238
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167723

The title of this study is 'the verbs of concealment and coverage in Aribite languages a lexical study' where we collected verbs that give meanings of coverage in each of Akkadian, Ugaritic, Hebrew , Syriac, Athiopic and Arabic languages. We have counted these expression and studied their sounds, meaning and connotations, and their development over different ages,  we have relied in this study on the dictionaries of these languages. These verbs can be classified within the Aribite or Semitic commonality.
 

The Extravagance and Excessiveness by the Guardian in Eating from the Orphan’s Money

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 405-432
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167730

This study deals with a very important aspect  which is “the extravagance and excessiveness by the guardian in eating from the orphan’s money”. It emphasizes that Islamic religion prohibits and bans the extravagance, especially in cases in which the guardian, who is responsible for the orphan’s money with protection, care and  (investment), uses the orphan’s money in an extravagant and excessive way. However, the Islamic jurisprudence  permits the guardian to eat from the orphan’s money, but in a reasonable way. This is stressed in the following verse (ayah) from the glorious Qur’an: ﴾and whoever (amongst the guardians) is rich, he should take no wages, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable (according to his labour)  ﴿ {An-Nisa’ surah, ayah: 6}. This is because the basic principle stresses on the prohibition of the orphan’s money. This permission is limited to this glorious text (ayah) only, which permits only the poor guardian to spend  from the orphan’s money.
This study has proved the prohibition of taking from the orphan’s money without a lawful (legitimate) purpose, except what was exempted by the Islamic texts. The study has showed the merits of the Islamic law (Shari’a) in honoring orphans, and safeguarding their money as well as caring and developing it.
This study has concluded that the rich guardian is not permitted to spend  from the orphan’s money. However, the poor guardian is permitted to take less than his actual wage or the service he provides for the orphan. Moreover, The guardian is not allowed to take anything as a kind of compensation if his financial condition gets better. He is not allowed to get any benefit except for the food and drink.
 

Artistic appearances in the novel Al-Barjas Candies

Fanar Khalil majeed Khalil Al Hamad

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 135-158
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167209

Literature is one of the means that a person uses to express what he has in mind, including thoughts, feelings, and a spiritual space that he uses in search of experiences that mimic his life experiences. In Arab literature there are elements and components that underpin and in its entirety this art, and the novel is formed from the arts that contain many elements without which the novel loses its value and its ability to communicate ideas.
The novel (Candies of Burgess) by Salem Salih Sultan is one of the conductive narratives that abounds in many coherent artistic aspects, including (description, dialogue, and personality), and this has made it a wide field for interesting and accurate research.
The writer has made the city of (Mosul) a place for the events of his novel, and made the war that Iraq witnessed after the year (2003) a time for the conduct of these events. The various elements of the novel, especially the characters, were mostly simple socially and culturally.

Textual Threshold in Poetry of Thunnon Younis Mustafa Al-Atraqchy

Talaat Hadi Hasan

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 87-105
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167207

We chose this research to study poetic rhythms which have gusher music from one side, and it stand on main and branch title related with the poetic text strongly from another side, the branch titles are same to the (spider's houses) from the image prospective which spread its lines with the main title in divan of (A Bridge on the Ash Valley) which lead to strong join and interlink with the poetic text.
The title is such a head with the  body, and what existence in the text from chain from the textual elements like inception, text, and conclusion.
These elements listed under title the modern poetic poem which aimed to separate the modern poetry which stand on the non separating textual unity when it is grow and interact with the poetic text.

Deletion of Prepositions in the Prophetic Tradition

waleed khuder Al_hammawy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 105-134
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167208

Abstract
This research is a study of the demonstration of the deletion in the prophetic tradition in the three parsing books of the prophet tradition.
*(Eiraab Al_Hadeeth Al_Nabawi), By Abi Al_Bakaa Abdullah Ibn Al_hussein Al_Uqburi.
*(Shawaaid Al_Tawdheeeh Wa Al_Tasheeh Limushkilat Al_Jaami Al_Saheeh), By Mohamed Ibn Malik(whom died in 672 A.H).
*(Ukood Az_Zabarjad Ala Musnad Al_Imam Ahmed), By Jalaal As_Deen As_Siyooty.
The research treated with (55) prophetic text in which seven types of the deletion.

The research tried to gather an grammatical matter in the prophetic traditions to be easy for searching, analysing and counting. As result of the most deleted preposition in the parsing books of the prophetic traditions is (Al_baa), after that (Fi and Laam Al_Taaliel),then (Min),then (Ala and Ila),then(An) and the prophetic expression varied accordingly to deleted prepositions to which : ( what was only deleted a preposition)and( what was deleted a preposition and a word after a preposition)and(what was deleted is a preposition with coming an parsed noun after it)and(what was deleted a preposition in an active voice sentence)and(what was deleted a preposition in a passive voice sentence)and(what was only deleted a preposition with permanence its work)and(what was deleted a preposition with the verb).the research highlighted the possibility prophetic texts with the grammatical various estimats , also exposed the grammatical effort in the parsing books of the prophetic tradition, as it pointed the grammatical effort of the prophetic traditions explainers

ملامح التجدید البنائی فی شعر ابن حمدیس

saleh ways Muhammad

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 396-439
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165725

استوعبت البنیة الهیکلیة للقصیدة الأندلسیة إلى جانب النمط المحافظ القائم على تعدد الأغراض وتنوع الموضوعات أنماطاً بنائیة أُخرى مثلت ملمحاً تجدیدیاً، إذ تفاعلت البذور القدیمة للاتجاه التقلیدی مع تربة الحیاة الجدیدة، لتنتج غرساً یجسد طبیعة تلک البیئة وحیاة شعرائها، الذین وجدوا فی التزامهم بنمطیة البناء التعددی (البناء التقلیدی) قیداً یحول بینهم وبین إدراکهم لآنیة الموقف الذی یتطلبه نظم الشعر، بالإضافة إلى ما یفرضه هذا الالتزام من إسهاب یتحتم معه إطالة النفس الشعری، الذی تستوجبه تداعیات الإیفاء بالمضمون التعبیری لکل قطعة، وهو ما یؤدی بدوره إلى توافر أنماط من الوحدة، کالوحدة الفکریة (وحدة الموقف) والوحدة الشعوریة، وغیاب أنماط أخرى کالوحدة الموضوعیة على سبیل المثال لا حصر.
من هنا فقد غدت مرونة الشاعر فی تطویع الشکل البنائی لما یلائم سیاق القول ویعبر عنه مطلباً مهماً "لان کل تجربة تفرض قالباً معیناً وشکلاً محدداً، والأدیب الجید هو من یستطیع إفراغ ما یعتمل بداخله، وما یمور فی وجدانه من شحنات انفعالیة وتجارب إبداعیة – عاشها أو عایشها – فی هذا القالب دون سواه، وهذا الشکل عن غیره، استناداً على اختیار واعٍ ومقصدیة محکمة طولاً وقصراً، إطناباً وإیجازاً"( ).
ثم أن البحث عن أنماط بنائیة تحمل معها سمة الجدة، یأتی من إیمان الشاعر أن هذا الفن (الشعر) لا یتموضع ساکناً بل هو فن یتطلع ویتخطى ویتجاوز ما هو محدد له، فتتنوع التجارب لتتنوع معها طرائق المعالجة الفنیة.

البولیفونیة أو تعدد الأصوات فی الموشحات الأندلسیة

bashar nadeem albajajy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 306-332
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165722

Mikhail Bakhtin is the first critic to speak of this term that was transferred from music, this term was initially applied to the novel, the Polyphonian novel is that novel in which there are many characters in dialogue, and many points of view, and the scope of use of the term has expanded to be applied On the poetic text as a literary discourse contains a narrative character, and one of the conditions to be provided in the Polyphonian poem is to be extended over a suitable textual space, and therefore the multiplicity of voices and their interplay is reflected in the narrative poem based on linguistic deviations and deviation from its criteria where The real and customary personality expands within the Polyphonian poem, and this is what we found in the Andalusian manuscripts has varied artistic forms in it, and the research noted that andalusian manuscripts extend over a wide textual area and consist of reading, roles, lock and exit, and this gives them a dramatic dimension, and this dimension Drama is the basis for the formation of any diversity and multiplicity of voices, and the researchers saw that the literary text, which contains a dramatic dimension qualifies it to enumerate the voices and monitor the research in many Andalusian manuscripts diversity of consciences

Rhetorical technique of narrative perspective in a story (The smell of cinema) by Nizar Abdel-Sattar

Azad Haedar Shekao Shekao

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 375-395
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165990

The narrative perspective is the focus of the narration that expresses itself in narrative formulas, and rhetorical images as a narrative appearance in the linguistic term that transcends the attribute of embellishment to an enlarged narrative rhetoric that shares with the absolute images in the narration with sensory constants and a fictional element, located between the external reality and the mind of the recipient, and the story with its narrative forms and components in the narration Subject to the utterances of rhetoric and its procedure by employing and adopting it as an artistic technique in the spoken text, and the story (the smell of cinema) represented a fictional narrative situation from which the writer narrates his narrative world in all its details, accompanied with it the mind of the narrative for him - the recipient -, provokes his mind and stimulates him with death Seven storytelling and Msajrih in bringing about an approach Tejealah between the reality of the hero Drifter mired in false consciousness as a sardonic narrator Asrdh us.

The interweaving relationship between the ego and the other in the poetry of Ibn-Hamdess Al-Sekely.

Bashar Nadeem Ahmed albajajy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 226-244
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165988

The association between the ego and the other is the main dialog of the philosophic research dialogs. The awareness in the ego can not be achieved without the existence of the other. So that the relationship between them is interweaving. And there are two types of this relation between then these are:

The glory of his genealogy and himself also in his elegies and his flirtations.
The discontinues ego from the other witch appeared in the state of alienation and the appearance of the sufferance phenomenon from the time in his poetry and his passion in wine.

تضافر المعنى بین النثری والشعری عند ابن خفاجة

Muthanna Abdallah Muhammad

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 351-374
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165726

لا یزال یثار السؤال هنا وهناک عن الحدود التی تقف ما بین الشعری والنثری، وما هو (شعری) عما هو (نثری) فی کثیر من النتاجات الإبداعیة ولاسیما التی مازجت بینهما، وبناءً على ذلک اتخذت من هذا السؤال مدخلاً لقراءة النصوص التی قدمها ابن خفاجة الأندلسی التی جمع من خلالها بین النثری والشعری فی نص واحد، فهو بذلک أراد أن یثبت للمتلقی أن التجربة الإبداعیة تتخطى بذاتها حدود الأنواع الأدبیة، فضلاً عن الإشارة التأکیدیة الى تداخل الشعری والنثری فی عمل إبداعی واحد فی مجال التلقی، ومع هذا کله أجد أن ابن خفاجة شکل نقطة تحول فی ثراء النص الإبداعی الأندلسی والعربی على حد سواء.
کما أن الامتزاج النثری والشعری فی النص الأدبی الواحد، إما أن یمثل تنامیاً وتضافراً للمعنى أو یؤدی الى تلاشیه ، ولهذا قسمنا بحثنا على :
المستوى الإبداعی.
المستوى الإیقاعی.
المستوى الترکیبی.
المستوى الوظیفی.
دأب النقاد والعلماء على تقسیم الأدب على قسمین رئیسین متقابلین هما: الشعر والنثر، ومیزوا الشعر بالتزامهِ بالألوان والقوافی، والنثر بعدم التزامه بهذا، وعلى الرغم من استقرار هذا التقسیم، ظل موضوع الثنائیات من الموضوعات التی شغلت بال کثیر من النقاد.

الخطاب الإقناعی فی شعر الغزل عند ابن عبد ربه الأندلسی (ت328هـ)

ghaydaa ahmed alishlash; esraa jamal alhamdany

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 276-305
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165716

Abstract
The persuasive speech is regarded as a part of Al-Hhijjaj . Al-Hijjaj is associated with persuation as the association of the text with its function . we found in Ibn Abd Rabba poetry many persuasive styles especially in flirtation poetry . the poet used many rhetorical styles which he uses to convince the addressees in his flirtation .
In this paper the terms persuation and flirtation have been defined linguishcally and as terminology the paper also showed the terms relevant to flirtation such as ( Al-Tashbeeb and Al-Naseeb ). It also clarified the types of addressees in Ibn Abid Rabba like Al-Mahbooba ( the beloved ) , these who blamed him his love ( Al-Uthaal ) , and companions . each of them has special methods in persuasive speech according to the poet desire .
And we came out that the most interest of Ibn Abed Rabuh was to persuade the beloved and humiliating her to gain her affection with various persuasive methods, and he did not mention mentioning the idol, the lords, and the companions except in a few of them, making use of different persuasive methods from the use of the selected words for his purpose, the various rhetorical arts, expressive images, and poetic

The syntactic parallelism and its significance in the hadiths of qudsi hadith “O my servant ,that I forbade oppression” as an example

Nawar Mohammed Ismail Ismail

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 245-275
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165989

Parallelism is a structural phenomenon , and repeat the same voice image and It is the grape compliance is the principle of its own it is one of grammatical casting .Which consists in evaluating sentences symmetrically to support the meaning .This grammatical similarity between sentences attracts the recipient and achieve multiple connotations desired by the text, between confirmation ,report, interest, amplification ,glorification ,intent, guidance, advancement and multiplication, and the sign the hope and multiplication the types of torment .the research present a theoretical statement on the parallelism and on the composition the structural patterns varied. The paraller response was a compound sentence because it consisted of two attributes of transmission, the first of which was based on the exception and was illiterate by three sentences and the second pattern was adopted negative which is the total of his request including the meaning of the condition by four successive sentences. Then sentence the third and fourth type of compound conditional clause because it is based on the action of the condition and the sentences response to the condition and the third pattern was administered by (LU) and his connotation of impossibility, wishing and abstinence ,and the last was based on the condition tool(of) which served in its significance the inevitable result outcome of two paths present both hadith from its beginning and then it was held with the intent and forbid style , they continued with the beginning of the hadith (confirmation and banishment) the study attempted to highlight the role of parallism with the diversity of sentences and method in producing meaning and how was he added every style to serve the meaner, as the opposites had wide presence over the extension of the hadith , the nominal actual formulation of the words was active role in the statement of movement through the constant and to move the response in the recipient.
 

Ibn Zaidoun Al-Mutanabbi's opposition read in Nonya

Eman sheel Salim سهیل Alrawi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 333-350
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165728

It is recognized that oppositions are partial simulations of a later text of a previous text, as they are an intentional act that underlies this intentionality for several reasons.
In this approach, we tried to present two readings of Nuniyat al-Mutanabbi and Nuniyya Ibn Zaydoon, as we find the features of the opposition clear between the two texts.
The research plan was based on a precursor in which we talked about the term opposition and its motives, revealing at the same time that the opposition is a conscious intertextuality. As for the procedural field, we have presented a reading of the similarities between the two texts, as follows
Time as we talked about the effect of time and its process on poets
  The ego presented a definition of the term ana and the extent and image of the presence of hope in the two texts
  The other We talked about the attitude of the two poets towards the other and its forms, and why the situation was shaped by each of them