Main Subjects : Islamic

طبرستان فی روایات ابن اسفندیار من خلال کتابه تاریخ طبرستان"دراسة فی الجوانب الاجتماعیة والاقتصادیة"

محمدعلی اسماعیل ویس

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 661-688
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174506

          The book (The History of Tabaristan) by Ibn Esfandiar is one of the important books that gives valuable information about this turbulent region, which represents a great challenge to the authority of the Abbasid Caliphate.  The  book is  worthy for  research and exploration as it sheds light on the cultural heritage of man in the various areas of life. Throught his works Ibn Esfondiar  is not only interested in monitoring political events and facts, but also in observing events related to cultural aspects that give the greatest benefit of information to the subject of research, including those contained in the book (History  Tabaristan), which included several topics about his country  various aspects of civilization .the researcher is divided into several paragraphs according to   the nature of the material available to Ibn Esfandiar required that the research be: -: the definition of  Ibn Esfandiar and his book,: Tabaristan,: Social aspects, and Economic aspects.

الرسول محمد صلى الله علیه وسلم فی روائعه القیادیة من خلال مسیرته الدعویة

maha saleh matar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1042-1070
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168531

From this research, it is manifested to us the importance of the prophet's leadership in the construction of civilizations through the Islamic call track which led the peoples in an accurate way within a very elaborate temporal sequence  .                                                                                                          
In this respect, the researcher attempted to clarify the method used by prophet Mohammed peace be upon him in terms of his call to people to be Muslim. All this was done through his sound attitudes and reaction against the challenges, obstacles and troubles he faces until all were settled by Almighty Allah. 

Al-Nibras Explanation of Methods for how to wipe the head Imam Muhammad bin Abdul Haq Al-Ilah Abadi Al-Hanafi (d: 1333 A.H.) Study and investigation

Tahseen Abdullah Al-Darkazli

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 309-358
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167216

The study and investigation of the manuscript titled "Al-Nibras in Explanation of Methods for Wiping the Head in Ablution", by Imam Muhammad Abd al-Haq al-Ilah Abadi al-Hanafi (D.: 1333 AH), aims to learn the correct method of performing an act of worship closely related to the daily life of a Muslim. Wiping the head in Ablution is a devotional matter that must be applied. Because it is related to performing the most important act of worship, which is the division of faith, which is ablution. Just as wiping the head is an obligation, so is how wiping is an obligation. Where the author divided his research into an introduction and three chapters, and a conclusion, which included important topics in explaining the meaning of the survey, how it is done, and the aspects contained therein, inferred by the hadiths of the Prophet and the impact of the Companions - and guided by the sayings of the jurists, may God Almighty have mercy on them.
We divided the research into two parts: the first in the study, and the second in the investigation. The first section included two topics, the first: in the study of the author’s life, and included his name, lineage, fame, birth and upbringing, his request for knowledge, his elders, his writings, and his death. As for the second: in studying the manuscript, and it included: the correctness of the manuscript's title, description, author's approach to presenting the manuscript material, and the method of investigation.
As for the second section, it included samples from the two copies of the manuscript, and the verification of the text of the manuscript, then we finished the study and investigation sections with a conclusion in which we explained the most important results of the research.

The Miracle of Moon Split in the Glorious Quran and the Prophetic Tradition and Modern Science

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 243-270
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167213

In al Qamar Sura Allah says  Doomsday got closer and the moon split   This verse reveals agreat miracle by Allah when   the disbelievers in Quraish Challenged the prophet Mohammed if  he could split the moon into twe parts so that  they would believe that he was really a messenger sent by  Allah .the Almighty God awarded  his prophet  this miracle at the ninth year A.H.The moon split into two parts but the disbelievers insisted to disbelieve the prophet this incidence exists also in the prophet tvadition and many people witnessed that great event in their countries . Recently, when  Scientists travelled in spaceships to the moon , they noticed the proof  of the moon split and declared  that the moon split into two parts many  years ago . this is agreat miracls by the prophet Mohammed and it requires attention and importance.

Economic Communication between Civilizations in the Holy Quran (Surat Quraish as an example(

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 217-242
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167212

Today, the international community is increasingly interested in supporting efforts in all levels to enhance communication and dialogue between civilizations of different cultures, and peaceful coexistence between peoples, out of keenness to build a new world prevailing in the values ​​of tolerance based on mutual respect, and on a basis and approach that organizes these international relations, It is represented by the principles of right, justice, equality and mutual respect. Therefore, civilizational communication between countries has become of the utmost importance for all, especially in this critical stage that is not without intellectual, cultural, economic, political and strategic conflicts, and humankind is floundering in it because of the problems, crises and tensions that exist today and threaten peace and security in the world, until the need for dialogue has become a requirement It is necessary to pave the way for communication, to establish and support the approach of rapprochement and acquaintance between different civilizations and to contribute to research to find a civilized framework that is based on the elements of strength drawn from the summary of the ancient civilizational experiences of all humankind. Hence the importance of civilized communication between countries as an important element in establishing and supporting world peace through a vision of a global strategy that believes in the dialogue of civilizations and their communication at all levels, as it is a strategic choice that leads to stability and the establishment of strong and firm foundations for human acquaintance in our contemporary world.
As economic communication is one of the important means of civilized communication - which is the basis for building human understanding between peoples - this topic was chosen to highlight the civilizational vision in the Holy Qur’an for communication between nations as a concept that enhances modern concepts related to peaceful coexistence between peoples, which must be based on Solid of shared human values, because economic communication between different countries through foreign trade can be reflected in communication in other aspects of civilization for those countries, which is the most important cultural, scientific and social aspect, thus strengthening the social ties between those countries and their peoples, and the dialogue is achieved And acquaintance without canceling each other, which will inevitably lead to achieving social, peaceful and nutritional security for these countries.

Location in the Quranic Narratives The Narratives of AL-Kahf (The caves Chapter as a cave in point(

Yousif S. AL-Tahhan S. AL-Tahhan

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 159-182
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167210

Location in the Quranic Narratives plays a great role. The must be a container embracing its events and depicting its characters As such  location affects the other elements and is affected by them. Location is clearly distinguished in the Qurnanic narratives, since it demonstrates - the events and introduces the details of the present life and the Hereafter. indeed is loaded with various patterns. the present sutdy investigates location in the Quranic narratives- the narrative of people of Al-Kahf, the narrative of the one owning two gardens. The narrative  the prophet Moses with the pious man, the narrative  of the two-horend man as a model for analyzing the locational patterns and showing its artistic dimensions and deducing its semantic implication. The study consists of an introduction and two sections.
The introduction defines location in the Quranic narratives. The first section is an analysis of the (natural location) in terms of the (ground location) the cave, the river, the sea and the confluence of the two seas, in addition to the saddaf, and the (artificial location): the heaven, the sun, the rising of the sun and the Sunset. the Section is devoted to the (industrial location) in terms of the village, the dam, and the (Private location): the two gandens, the ship and the wall.

The Book of Fortieth Hadeeths (Mohammed’ssayings) in Doing Beneficence for Muslims and also Neededs of Anxious People, for Imam Zeki Al-Deen Abduladheem Al-Munthiri

Younis Ahmed Kassar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 271-308
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167214

Many of the Islamic nation religious men collected forty of the prophet speeches (hadeeth) in a particular area of sharia, they included fiqh, jurisprudence, doctrines, behavioral, or preaching these, no doubt, useful for the nation in matters of religion and daily life. They were learned by heart by religious men and students alike.
One of these is the present manuscript. Imam Zeki  Al-Deen Al-Munthiri (656.H) has chosen forty hadeeths included in the book. He collected the hadeeths in the section of "people provision needs and help of the needed people", solving their problems, right shafa'a (mediation) forbidding injustice and called it (Kitab Al-Arbaeen fi Istna Al-Maroof wa qada Hawaij Al-Malhufeen) ( The book of forty in making gratefulness for muslims, and provision of needed and troubled people).
Throughout the study, it was obvious that some of these sayings were right, some were weak and others were false.
The investigation proved the following:
1- Extracting the Ayas (verses) mentioning the sura and aya number.
2- Extracting the hadeeths and rendering them to their origin.
3- biography of narrators to the year of mentioning of hadeeths, and showing  their reputation according to the authorities.
4-  historical courses and evidence were collected.
5- mentioning the saying of religious men in their hadeeths whether correct or  weak.
6- showed the strange vocabulary in the book of (the strange in hadeeth and language).
7-comment is arranged according to the death of hadeeth narrators.

Rhetoric of Shifting from One Preposition to another in Verbal Analogy in the Holy Quran

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 183-216
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167211

Verbal analogy in the Holy Quran is of the Quranic subjects that have been paid considerable interest by those studying the Book of Allah, and they authored many books in the present and past, scholars have afforded arguments serving Allah’s Holy Book. This research entitled (Rhetoric of Shifting from One Preposition to another in Verbal Analogy in the Holy Quran) is on the same vein of our scholars, however, this study is distinguished in that it is not based on abolishing or simulating what has been stated by ancient scholars and innovators, rather it is a study based on analysis, studying, understanding, balancing and induction to form a brilliant shape that harmonizes with the aesthetic, critical and linguistic criteria built on active originality. What distinguishes this study is its trial to uncover how interpreters tackled the texts of verbal analogy and the reason that stirred them to select this saying rather than the other. The purpose behind this research is not to introduce a rhetorical interpretation or analysis to all what rhetoric concerning this subject, rather to set a general framework of how to analyse rhetorically in the light of the context of situation.

Altawjih Alllghwy Liqara'at Alshshadhat Fi Sura "S" Dirasat Sarfit Nahwia

Ahmad Yassen Taha Taha

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 473-511
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165992

    The Holy Qur’an, with its various readings, is the primary source that preserved linguistic studies because of its richness of linguistics, and abnormal readings represent a field of great interest in the field of linguistic and grammatical studies.
    From this standpoint, the idea of ​​this study came as it relies on the linguistic guidance of abnormal readings and its restriction to Surat “P” to be a field of research and study, and it is one of the Meccan Surahs that readings varied.
    After counting and collecting these readings, we have obtained "39" readings. I classified them according to the morphological and grammatical studies they represent, then direct them and study them linguistically, ac cording to what is needed.

The effect of the human concept on juristic difference

Saud A abdulla AL Hayane

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 440-472
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165991

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the chosen Prophet, his family and his companions. Having said this:
The research deals with the relationship between Islamic jurisprudence and Ilm Al-Kalam (the Islamic scholastic theology) by highlighting one of the scholastic theological principles over which a disagreement occurred among the Muslim scholars of scholastic theology and its schools. The disagreement was namely about what is meant by “human being” is it the soul, the body, or both of them?. This disagreement has impacted some of the jurisprudent branches related to the human self and the effective causes of legal rulings related to it. The disagreement has occurred especially among the Hanafi School, which seems to believe that the soul is intended by the legal ruling, and the Shafi’i school, which recognizes that the legal ruling is related to the body of which the soul is a constituent factor. The instances for such an issue could be: washing wife’s dead body by her husband, the origin of permissibility in marriage, attaching divorce words to wife’s certain organs or suspending divorce and the spread of the effect of analogous punishment inflicted upon a sinner.