Main Subjects : Social teaching methods


The effect of adoption in 4H in the geographical survey of fourth-grade literary students in a geographical subject

عمر عبدالله

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 427-450
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.174499

The research aims to identify the impact of the 4H strategy on the geographical survey of fourth-grade literary students in the subject of geography.
To achieve the goal of the research, the researchers set a null hypothesis, and to verify the hypothesis, a sample of fourth-grade literary students at Al-Hikma Preparatory School for Boys in the city of Mosul for the academic year (2019-2020) was intentionally selected. Division (B) is the control group and is taught according to the usual method. The total number of the research sample members reached (52) students, and the research sample was distributed by (27) students for the experimental group and (25) students for the control group, and the process of parity was conducted between the two research groups in the variables that were identified. So.
The research required the preparation of a tool, namely: the geographical survey scale, and its final form consists of (35) paragraphs, and each paragraph has three alternatives, and the validity, reliability and discrimination were verified, and all of them were within the acceptable range.
In light of the results of the research, the researchers made a number of recommendations, including that the Preparation and Training Unit in the Directorate of Education in Nineveh Governorate train geography teachers on how to use the 4H strategy.
To complement the current research, the researchers put forward proposals for future research, including:
The effect of the 4H strategy on the systemic thinking of fourth-grade literary students in geography and developing their cartographic skills.

The effect of learning cells strategy on the achievement of 5th Primary Class Pupils in Social Studies

Ali Abd alhade عبد الهادی Al zbaede

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 97-118
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165718

The current research aims to identify the effect of using the learning cells strategy on the achievement of fifth primary pupils in the subject matter, and for the purpose of achieving the goals of the research the following: hypothesis has been formulated
There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average score of the experimental group students who studied according to the strategy (learning cells) and the average score of the students of the control group who studied according to the usual . method in the post test
The researcher used the experimental design with two equal groups, an experimental group and another control group. The number of the study sample individuals reached (62) students, by (30) students for the experimental group who studied according to the learning cells strategy, and (32) students for the control group who studied according to the traditional method The researcher rewarded between the two research groups in the variables, the researcher prepared an achievement test consisting of (30) paragraphs, his honesty and consistency were verified, the researcher started applying the experiment on Sunday 13/10/2019 and ended on Monday 13/1/2020 and when processing the data statistically: The search result showed the following
- There is a statistically significant difference at the level (0.05) between the average pupils' grades in the two groups (experimental and control) in achieving social subjects and in favor of the experimental group.
In light of the results of the research and its completion