Main Subjects : Microbial life technologies

The effect of the presence of Helicobacter pylori bacteria to all kinds of blood components

Israa Nadhim Lateef

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 4, Pages 710-728
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.176457

Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative, micro-aerobic, spiral-shaped bacteria and which considered one of the main factors that lead to stomach disorders such as gastric atrophy, stomach cancer, chronic gastritis, and peptic ulcers.
This study is carried out in Nineveh Governorate, Iraq included 325 participants, after conducting a series of tests to detect whether H. pylori infection is positive among participants, the number of infected participants were150 (48 males and 102 females), then complete Blood Counts test were done in order to investigate the relationship between the Component Blood Count and the infection of H. pylori.
These results concluded that H. pylori infection is more prevalent in females, also the percentage of infection decreases ages over 60 years and children less than 15 years, the incidence of H. pylori infection increases in people blood type A, the study didn't show any effect of smoking on the increased risk of infection with H. pylori.
In this study, the infected patients with H. pylori recorded an increase in WBCs equal to 24%, while lymphocyte counts didn't record any changes, RBCs were increases by 12%, some infected patients had fluctuations of increase and decrease in the level of Hb, figures were between 8% and 24%, respectively, the increase in the platelet count was 12%, and the decrease was 4%. There are significant differences in the relationship between infection with H. pylori and other factors such as; gender, age, WBCs, lymphocyte counts, RBCs, Hb, and platelet counts in the infected group at P ≤ 0.05.

Relationship between coccidiosis and lipid peroxidation ‎level in blood of cattle.‎

Azhar Abbas Ashour Abbas Al Sadoon

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1034-1052
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169654

‎ The recent paper studies the impact of coccidiosis on blood levels of cattle ‎since it is one of the parasites that attack both‏ ‏poultry and cattle epidemically and ‎infect the intestine leading to big economical loss as well as high deaths of those ‎animals. Due to the few number of relevant studies that present for the this parasite ‎effect on blood level as well as the levels of anti-oxidation, Glutathione, I did such ‎the study which includes 40 cows and 35 calves of 2-3 months of age from which a ‎stool sample was taken plus a 5 mml blood sample. Next, I diagnosed the infected ‎animal through testing the symptoms of those animals and examining the stool by ‎both floating and smear methods directly to find the ovarian cysts of coccidiosis. ‎Then, I determined the level of infection (the number of parasites per 1 gm of stool) ‎by using Macmaster way so the animals were divided into two groups (infected and ‎non-infected). After that, some biochemical tests were done to check the levels of ‎Malondialdehyde (MDA) as a final outcome of lipid peroxidation using colorful ‎TBA ase and to measure the absorption of ( 450 um) ‎‏ ‏wavelength. Also, I divided ‎the Glutathione (GSH) level in blood plasma using Elmanz method.‎

Infection with Some Parasitic Diseases in some children aged less than one year—14 years and the most important complications associated with infection in Nineveh Governorate

Najwa Al-Zobaidy

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1532-1549
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168556

An epidemic and diagnostic study was conducted to know the spread of some gastrointestinal parasites among children at Al-Khansaa Educational Hospital, at Ibin-Al-Atheer Educational Hospital, and at
Al- Mosul General Hospital starting from 3/10/2019 to20 /9/2020.
The samples were examined using direct survey and the samples were checked to the stool whereby (200) children were examined and it's found that the total rate of infection reached (58.5%), and the highest rate of Entamoeba histolytica infection reached (42.9%) then followed the infection of Giardia lamblia which recorded (21.3%) while the infection of Enterobius vermicularis was high and reached (35.8%).
The present study showed that males are more vulnerable to infection than females. The male rate recorded (74.4%) while the female rate recorded (25.6%).
As for places of residence, the left side of the city recorded high infection rate which reached (66.7%), whereas the right side of the city recorded (33.3%).
Also, some complications emerged due to the infection of gastrointestinal parasites such anemia. In the case of Enterobius vermicularis the anaemia rate reached (90.5%), also a high rate in anaemia was recorded for both Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia and reached (68%).
So, recommendations focus on that the children should be clean especially their hands, and face should be clean before and after having meals and also the towels must be clean, besides each member of the family should have his/her own teeth brush and the nursing bottles ought to be washed and sterilized.