Print ISSN: 1992-7452


Keywords : Nuclear

China and Iran’s Nuclear Program A Historical Study

Mohammd S. Al-kawaz

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2014, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 733-776

Ambitions of Iran in developing technology of nuclear energy had attracted the states attention of the states which have technical experts in the nuclear field. China was one of these states which played a big role in its peaceful nuclear cooperation with Iran during 1980’s,1990’s .
With the increase of challenges between Iran and the West regarding crisis of Iran’s nuclear program during the first decade of 21st century, China presented its position insisting on a solution of that crisis by negotiating and diplomatic dialogue in order to avoid any military dispute which might face Iran. This is due to the economic interests of China as well as its interests in the field of oil and natural gas with the region and Iran in particular.

Russia's Attitude Toward the Developments of Iran's Nuclear Crisis 2005-2008 Historical Study

Mohammd Salim Ahmad Al-Kawaz

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 305-346

In 2005, Russia entered the deep debate with the Western permanent members of the UN Security Council on the nature of its relations with Tehran government, which showed its intransigence in no cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from 2005. So that increased nuclear crisis worsened after long negotiations failed between Iran and the European Union, more especially after the arrival of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to the presidency in Iran in 2005, which deepened the relations with Russia under its former President Vladimir Putin, as well as in the current era of the Russian President Dimitry Medvedev after a relative volatility.
Despite entangling interests linking Russia, Iran, and specifically in the nuclear field, the Iranian stand in noncompliance with international laws that raised Western suspicions and even Russia in the peace announced by Iran to develop its nuclear program, has put the Russians in positions very embarrassing. However, driven by the interests and benefits, of Moscow, Russia continued its defense of Iran after refering the Iranian nuclear file from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to the UN Security Council, which issued a package of international sanctions against Iran over the years 2006-2008.