Keywords : procedures


The application of Vinay and Darbelnet Model to translating the Names of QurĀnic surahs into English

Safwan Hameed Safi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 1201-1230
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.170342

In this study, the linguistic model of Vinay and Darblenet will be applied to translating the Qur’ānic names of surahs. In fact, this model is made up of seven main procedures with which the different texts of various meanings can be dealt. The names of surahs have been classified into twenty semantic fields, each one has a group of names sharing common notions. Practically, fifteen renditions of the names of Quranic surahs have been selected as samples for analysis. The name of surah are analyzed according to three levels: morphological, linguistic, and contextual levels, in order to specify the exact meaning precisely. Then, the renditions have been sorted under the seven procedures of the adopted model in accordance with the relevant criteria of each. Finally, the nearest and the most appropriate technique of such a surah’s name has been chosen after discussing all of the given renditions. The study concludes that the model adopted is highly applicable in this subject matter.

Assyrian Precautionary Procedures Taken in Serious Circumstances

Assyrian Precautionary Procedure

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 367-380

This research attempts to shed light on the position of the ruling authority in Assyria during the natural disasters or catastrophes as a result of wars affecting the general trend of daily life.
People became homeless and need assistance because they suffer from the ravages of disaster and they became prived of shelter, clothing, housing and medical care and all the needs of daily life. The present research deals also with the precautionary procedures that were taken by the authorities in Assyria, in anticipation of such happenings.
It must be mentioned that the ruling authorities are striving to provide the requirements for life for its citizens as well as the supply of humanitarian aid, rebuilding what was destroyed. These authorities did their best in order to carry out the rituals and religious edicts such as the prayers and rituals and offerings to prevent the evil and harm from the Kingdom as a whole and from the person of the King and his subjects. They also passed laws and legislations to protect the rights and property of distressed families and individuals who have been affected by war or disaster. Finally, they did their best in order to build the kingdom and the temples. This was considered as the social security for widows and orphans who were homeless.