Keywords : issue


The Armenian Issue and the West Stand towards it during the Reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hameed II

Muhammad J. Al-Alawi; Ban Gh. Al-Saigh

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 447-477

The Armenians inhabited a strategic region in the peninsula of Anatolia. It was the core of concern of the neighboring states and a conflict area between the Persian and the Byzantium empires throughout history. When the Armenians established some emirates and states in this region, they mostly became under the control of the strong neighboring states.
On the rise of the Ottoman state the Armenians lived in peace practicing free doctrine and work. Despite that, Armenian revolutionary movements emerged induced by outside powers, particularly France. These movements demanded either for dependence from the Ottoman state or getting autonomy.
Caesarian Russia played an important role in raising the Armenian issue, especially after the defeat of the Ottoman state in the Russian – Ottoman war ( ). This issue gained an international importance after holding the two treaties of Berlin and San Stefano ( ). The Sultan Abdul Hamid II had a special stand from these treaties. He followed a special policy in dealing with the Armenian issue. He did not apply the decided reforms in the places inhabited by the Armenians. On this basis, some of the great states have their stands according to their special interests towards the Ottoman state.

The Lebanese Stand In the Arab League Towards the Palestine Issue 1945-1948

Jassim Mohammed al-Juboree

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2007, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 76-106

The Palestinian question drew the attention of the Arab League establish on March 22, 1945 in which protocols Palestine occupies and essential part, besides its pact which contains a special appendix for Palestine where the historical right of independence of Palestine was emphasized and Lebanon being a founding member of the Arab league, which endeavored to help in the achieving of the goals of the league and has an important role in all the sessions of the political committee of the league.
Lebanon rejected the Jewish immigration to Palestine and also rejected the establishment of a national state for the Jews in Palestine.
It also rejected the report issued by the Anglo- American committee on Jewish immigration.
Lebanon took part in tow conferences Anshas and Bludan in 1946 on the Palestine issue, where the halting of the Jewish immigration was stressed and prohibiting the transfer of the Palestinian land to Jews.
Lebanon did its best in the courtrooms of the league in opposing the international separation law issued in 1947.
In 1948 the Lebanese delegation requested the rejection of the truce with Israel and supporting the Palestinian resistance by money and weapon and establishing a unified independent Arab state in Palestine.