Keywords : Othri poetry

Human Values in Majnun Laila's Poetry

Tahseen Darwish Sulaiman

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 4, Pages 62-94
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.176426

         The Diwan of Qais bin Al-Malouh, known as “Majnoun Laila,” includes values belonging to various types of human systems such as social, religious and emotional, and in each of them it is possible to trace human values to their universality by describing that poets - especially sentimental ones among them - express the latent of human nature and that poetry, unanimously by critics, is the most Literary literature. Majnoun Layla is an Umayyad poet who became famous throughout the Arab and foreign world on the historical, literary and artistic levels. This research tries to give, through the preface, a detailed explanation of the title in language and terminology, and to talk briefly and appropriately to the place about the life of the poet and the opinion of poets and critics in it. Then, the research tries to extract human values ​​on the three religious, tribal and social axes and to define their concept and how to distinguish them from other types of other values ​​that are not usually described in this capacity. It also tries to search for the artistic dimension of human values ​​at the level of language, image and rhythm among other things, aspires to elevate the level of research aesthetically, and includes discussion and responses to some critics who went so far as to claim that Majnoun Laila’s character is a legendary character that was not realistic and their argument that his poetry contains human values ​​and feelings. It is more like a fantasy for its promotion over the real world, and sometimes even the ideal. So, the research adopts a number of scientific clues and evidence to refute those allegations that some of them made against them in terms of “knowing disagreement” only, and others thought that he was called "insane" due to a defect in his mind, so the research extrapolates linguistic texts to prove that an excess of something may be called insanity, and not just a lack of reason. The poetic technical aspects of the poet have not been neglected, as the research reveals that the poet had a prominent interest in choosing the appropriate words, movements, letters, and seas, taking into account the internal and external rhythm, to appropriately reflect the experience he is about in terms of significance, symbol, intertextuality, and care for the poetic image in its response and impact on the recipient because the artistic image is the essence of poetic expression.