Keywords : ,،,؛Syria,,

The Iranian Stance on the Syrian Crisis (2011 – 2016)

Nawzt dhahir Mohammed

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 817-834
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169655

The aim of this study is to explain the Iranian position on the Syrian crisis, which started on 15 March 2011 with a peaceful demonstration on the flow of the so-called 'Arab Spring.' But the Syrian regime's cruelty, which favoured a military response in handling the people's movement, has led to armed clashes between the regime and the Syrian opposition. Consequently, the Syrian territory was used as a backdrop by regional and foreign third parties to eliminate their struggles. As a result, a local crisis between the regime and the people turned the Syrian cause into a complicated international one. The current study has shed light on the Iranian perspective on this crisis and the goals of Iran behind its intrusion and the extent of its support. This research also discussed the geo-strategic significance of Syria in the Iranian political project and the implications of Iranian intrusion in the crisis. The importance of the research lies in the fact that it is distinguished by modernity and originality, which dealt with this contemporary period of the Syrian events. the time of the research starts from 2011, which is the period in which the Syrian protests began, and ends in 2016, during which time a comprehensive ceasefire was carried out throughout Syria, on December 30, 2016, between the Syrian regime and the opposition factions. As for the structure of the research, the research came in an introduction, four axes and a conclusion.