Keywords : technical efficiency

Estimating the Economic Efficiency and Implications for Wheat Farms under the Supplementary Irrigation System Using )DEA)

Zeina S’dulla Ahmad Al- Rawia; Salim Mohammad Al- Youzbaky

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 985-1002
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167257

Wheat is an important food and strategic crop and occupies a distinct economic center and the economic resources involved in growing wheat under the supplementary irrigation system and its production data are the main pillar of the agricultural development of this crop, and the gap between agricultural production of wheat and the local needs of it is increasing over time which led to increased imports From wheat to facing local consumption, the research aimed to estimate the economic efficiency and its implications for both technical and distributive or allocative efficiency for wheat farms under the supplementary irrigation system in Nineveh Governorate and specifically in the semi-guaranteed areas of rain by relying on field data for a stratified random sample of 93 farms and according to the type of irrigation system using Data Envelopment Analysis method from Input Orientated Measures and assuming Variable Return to Scale, depending on the computer program (Deap), and the results indicated that the average technical efficiency of the sample according to irrigation systems (20, 40, 80, 120) acres, respectively, was 99.7%, 99.3%, 99.4%, 99.9%), and the average allocation efficiency was, respectively, (99%, 97.8, 92.4, 94%). ), And with respect to the average economic efficiency reached respectively (98.8%, 97.1%, 91.9%, 93.9%), this means that the sample achieved a high degree of efficiency and close to the optimum degree, therefore it requires the research sample to reallocate resources in a way that reduces costs while at the same time achieving use Optimized resources for achieving full economic efficiency.