Keywords : ؛


The factorial construction of anthropometric measurements for students aged 16-18 years

Ahmed Raad Alsaqi; Ahmed Ismail Abdullah

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 851-870
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.173433

The aim of the search is to:
Determining the simple factorial construction of anthropometric measurements for students aged 16-18 years.
Determining a set of short scales that represent the extracted factors, as indicators of anthropometric measurements.
The sample represented four middle schools in the city of Mosul within the right and left coasts, with a total of (96) students, from each school 24 students, divided equally between the three ages. 22) Measurement, and the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, mode, skew coefficient, correlation coefficient and factor analysis were used as statistical means. As for the conclusions, they were represented by the following:
The factorial analysis of (22) variables representing the anthropometric measurements of middle school students aged (16-17) years showed four factors, three of which were accepted in light of the conditions set for accepting the factor.
The factors that emerged through the analysis and that were accepted allow the following names to be given:
Ocean factor and symptoms.
Body length factor.
Skinfold thickness factor.
- A set of measurements was extracted in light of the accepted factors representing the body measurements indicators (abdominal circumference, body length, and thickness of the skinfold of the scapula)

Mental openness and its relationship to the Vitality of Conscience among Graduate Students at the Universities of Mosul and Tikrit

azhar Othman Thanoon Al-Mawala; Jenan Mohammed Hussein AL-Marsoumi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 130-155
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169585

The research at identify the level of Mental openness educational , And Conscience Vitality among Graduate Students at the Universities of Mosul and Tikrit , as well as the relationship between Mental openness and conscience Vitality , also to identify the differences in the relationship between Mental openness and conscience Vitality according to the variables " gender (Male / Female) ,degree (Master / PhD) , Universities (Mosul / Tikrit) , the basic research sample gas composed from (440) students from the students of Higher Studies Master and PhD in the Universities has chosen randomly . To achieve the research objectives , the researchers prepared two tools that fit with the age and mental level of the research sample the researchers prepared the measure of Mental openness and component final version of (30) paragraphs and with (5) alternatives as well as preparation of the tool of conscience Vitality and component of (35) paragraphs and with (5) alternatives after checking the honesty and consistency of both tools . After applying the two tools and collecting the data , the data was treated statistically using the T . Test of single sample and two independent sample in the Statistics Program (SPSS) .
The results showed that the respondents had a high level of Mental openness and conscience Vitality among the respondents as well as the results research also showed a correlation between Mental openness and conscience Vitality .
Based on the results that have been reaches' researcher identified a set of recommendations .

Electronic arbitration in international private disputes

sultan abdullah aljawari

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 156-186
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169586

یُعد التحکیم الإلکترونی وسیلة من وسائل تسویة المنازعات المهمة لما یتمیز به من السرعة و المرونة و الیسر التی قد لا تکون موجودة لدى القضاء العادی أیا ً ولا حتى فی التحکیم العادی سواء کان داخلیا ً ام خارجیا ً فالتحکیم العادی إلى جانب الاجراءات المُطولة و التکالیف الباهضة لا یلائم السرعة التی تحتاجها التجارة فی وقتنا الحالی ، و سنحاول من خلال هذا البحث تسلیط الضوء على المنازعات الخاصة بالتحکیم الالکترونی و محاولة إیجاد الحلول لهذه المشکلة .یُعد التحکیم الإلکترونی وسیلة من وسائل تسویة المنازعات المهمة لما یتمیز به من السرعة و المرونة و الیسر التی قد لا تکون موجودة لدى القضاء العادی أیا ً ولا حتى فی التحکیم العادی سواء کان داخلیا ً ام خارجیا ً فالتحکیم العادی إلى جانب الاجراءات المُطولة و التکالیف الباهضة لا یلائم السرعة التی تحتاجها التجارة فی وقتنا الحالی ، و سنحاول من خلال هذا البحث تسلیط الضوء على المنازعات الخاصة بالتحکیم الالکترونی و محاولة إیجاد الحلول لهذه المشکلة .

Construct and applying the existential attendance scale for advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate

Ali حامد Algbory; Manhal Khattab Sultan

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1088-1114
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169649

The research aims to:
- Building an existential attendance scale for advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate.
- Identifying the degree of existential presence among advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate.
- Identifying the levels of existential presence among advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate.
The descriptive approach was used for its relevance with the nature of the research, and the research community included the advanced football club players in Nineveh Governorate for the sports season (2020-2021), which included (637) players, and the research sample was randomly selected from the research community and by (444) players with a percentage of (69.70%) of the research community, while the construction sample was (324) players and a percentage of (72.963%) of the research sample and it was applied to a sample of players consisting of (120) players with a percentage of (27.027%) of the sample search.
The two researchers reached the following conclusions:

1- The advanced football club players in Nineveh governorate have medium levels of existential presence.
In light of these conclusions, the researchers recommend the following:
1- To take advantage of the scale of existential attendance among the football players of Nineveh Governorate clubs, which has been built by the two researchers and to take in consideration the possibility of applying it to conduct similar researchers on other individual and collective sporting , with other psychological variables.
2- Paying attention to forms of social support, especially financial

Determination of Stability Constants and Thermodynamic Parameters for Ciprofloxacin-HCl With Some Transition Metal Ions by Potentiometric Titration Technique

essam rad; Zaheda Najim

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1368-1393
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169677

This study included calculating the stability constants and stoichiometries of some binary complexes formed from the interaction of seven of metal ions (Cr+3,Mn+2,Co+2,Ni+2,Cu+2,Zn+2 and Cd+2) with Ciprofloxacin-HCl. This study was carried out using Potentiometric Titration Technique at different concentrations of the drug and the metal ion and at temperatures (288,298,310,318 and 328 K±0.1) in aqueous solution. Although, there are many methods available to study the stability of metal-ligand complexes, pH-metric is most frequently used to determine the stability constants. Hence, (Calvin - Bjerrum pH-metric titration technique) as adopted by Irving–Rossotti was used to calculate of stability constants. The results of the concentration effect study showed that the formation of complexes were more stable in dilute solutions, and through study of the temperature effect it was concluded that the stability of the complexes can be increased with raising temperature, and the stability constants value obtained were used in the calculation of thermodynamic parameters 〖(S〗^o,H,〖G〗^o). The results of this study also showed that the ciprofloxacin tends to form two types of metal complexes in the solution (ML1),(ML2) and this indicates that the reaction ratio between the drug and the metal ion was (1:1) and (1:2)(M:L) respectively for all metal ions. These ratios depended on the nature of the ligand or the metal ion, and the stability of the complexes formed increases according to the following arrangement (Mn+ 2< Co+ 2< Ni+ 2< Cu+ 2> Zn+ 2) and this arrangement is compatible with Irving Williams’s arrangement for the stability of the elements.

Construction and application of a measure of self-talk (negative and positive) with the players clubs Mosul city center applicants

Hisham Mahmad Ali Ali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1058-1087
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169648

The research aims to
- Building a measure of self-talk players clubs Mosul city center applicants.
- Identify the degree of self-talk and the fields of the players clubs Mosul city center applicants.
- Identify the differences in the degree of self-talk between players and individual and collective games in clubs Mosul city center applicants.
The researchers used the descriptive approach in the survey and relational method for its suitability with the nature of the research, and the research community consisted of the advanced players in the clubs of the city center of Mosul, who were deliberately chosen to achieve the objectives of the research, and their number(432) players distributed among(10) sports clubs. On the(285) players chosen randomly from the total research community, representing (73%) from the research community, while the application sample consisted of(117) players from the research community, i.e. 28% from the total research community to represent the application sample For the purpose of applying the self-talk scale that the researchers built.
The self-talk scale prepared by the two researchers was used as a tool for collecting data, and the construction procedures included: identifying the fields of the scale, the first exploratory experience of the scale, and drafting the paragraphs of each field in its initial form, as well as adopting the scientific steps and procedures in building the scale represented by the truthfulness of the content, apparent validity, and experience Exploratory, and statistical analysisd

أَثر انموذج الرحلات المعرفیة فی تنور تکنولوجیا التعلیم لطلاب الصف الثانی المتوسط فی مادة الاحیاء

Thuraya Ahmed Khalis Shaalan Ahmed Khalis Shaalan Shammari

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1423-1447
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169680

Abstract: This study aims to know the effect of applying the cognitive journeys model on technological enlightenment for biology students in the second intermediate grade, as the following null hypothesis was developed to verify this goal:
- There is no statistically significant difference in the technological enlightenment scale at the level of (0.05) between the average scores of students who study by applying the model of cognitive trips in the experimental group, and the average scores of students who study in the usual way in the control group.
This experiment was applied in the second semester of the academic year (2018-2019) on an intended sample of students, most of them males, in the second intermediate grade, the sample included (42) students, who were distributed randomly to the two groups (control and experimental) equally, the experimental design was adopted. The post-test and partial adjustment of two equal groups, where three chapters (seventh, eighth, and ninth) of the biology textbook were taught for the second intermediate grade, and the research tool represented by the Technological Enlightenment Scale was prepared, which consists of (30) items distributed into three main areas (knowledge , Skill, and sentimental) and the validity and reliability of its construction were verified against the Cronbach alpha measurement (72%). Several statistical methods such as arithmetic averages, the Mann-Whitney test and the Pearson correlation coefficient were adopted to analyze the data that showed no statistically significant difference between both groups (experimental and control) in the electronic enlightenment scale.

دراسة فی بعض المتغیرات البایومیکانیکیة للبدایة المنخفضة لفعالیة ١٠٠ متر

nawaf owaid abood alobaidy; Abdul Malik Suleiman Ahmed; Rehab Joko Hussein

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 1019-1041
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.169646

العلاقة بین بعض المتغیرات البایومیکانیکیة لمسافة (50) متر عند رکض (100) متر من البدایة المنخفضة مع الانجاز للعینة .
استخدم الباحثون المنهج الوصفی لملائمته لطبیعة البحث . اشتملت عینة البحث على (4) عدائین یمثلون منتخب جامعة الموصل بألعاب الساحة والمیدان لفعالیة (100) متر حرة ، وتم استخدام الات تصویر فیدویة عدد( 4 ) ذات سرعة (60 ) صورة بالثانیة نوع (Nikon) یابانیة الصنع وکان ارتفاع عدسات الات التصویر (1م) عمودیة على مجال الرکض فی مسافة (10م ـ 20م ـ 20م) وبعدها عن مجال الرکض على التوالی کالاتی : آلة التصویر (1) بعدها ( 4.5) متر عن یمین العداء والات التصویر (4.3.2) وبعدها عن العداء ومجال الرکض بـ (8م) وذلک لاستخراج المتغیرات البایومیکانیکیة الخاصة لکل عداء منذ مرحلة الجلوس والانطلاق فی البدایة المنخفضة لمسافة ( 50 ) متر، وبعدها تم استخدام البرامج الاتیة کل حسب وظیفته للتوصل الى الصورة المراد دراستها عند بدایة الانطلاق لمسافة (10 م ) ولمسافة (30م ) ولمسافة (50م) من مسافة السباق الکلیة (100م) وکالاتی : برنامج ACDsee Photo Manager 2011 02 برنامج Max Track 03 برنامج SPSS الاحصائی 04 برنامج ( Kenova للتقطیع ) 05 برنامج Paint 06 برنامج word للطباعة . توصل الباحثون الى:
1- ان لطول وتردد الخطوة الدول الفعال فی تحسین مستوى الرکض وخصوصا عند الانطلاق ووضع الجلوس (البدایة المنخفضة) وحتى مسافة رکض (50 متر) من المسافة الکلیة للسباق .
2- أظهرت الدراسة ان لمتغیر زاویة میل الجذع التدریجی عند البدء من وضع الجلوس (البدایة المنخفضة) وحتى مسافة 30 متر الدور المؤثر على باقی متغیرات البحث من زخم وطاقة حرکیة وسرعة .

الرسول محمد صلى الله علیه وسلم فی روائعه القیادیة من خلال مسیرته الدعویة

maha saleh matar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1042-1070
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168531

From this research, it is manifested to us the importance of the prophet's leadership in the construction of civilizations through the Islamic call track which led the peoples in an accurate way within a very elaborate temporal sequence  .                                                                                                          
In this respect, the researcher attempted to clarify the method used by prophet Mohammed peace be upon him in terms of his call to people to be Muslim. All this was done through his sound attitudes and reaction against the challenges, obstacles and troubles he faces until all were settled by Almighty Allah. 

Simulation the Absorbance Layer CZTS in Solar Cell for Varying Windows and Buffer Layers for Different Electrical Parameters to Achieve Optimum Performance

BASHAR ALI MOHAMMED

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 1571-1585
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168558

Abstract:
In this research, we rely on the base cell) MoS2/CZTS/CdS/i-ZnO/ZnO:AL ( which was designed and its outputs are ( Voc=1.1074V, Jsc=29.5356 mA / cm2, FF = 70.29%,  =23.00% ).
In this study, Windows layers were tested using simulation programmed SCAPS-1D about layers (ZnO, SnO2, ZnO:AL), where ( ZnO:AL ) was selected as window layer, and it was found that the best thickness of the windows layer (0.1 μm). Also the different Buffer layers of the basic solar cell ( CdS, ZnO, ZnS, ZnSe, In2S3 ) were tested, where (ZnS) was selected as the )Buffer layer( where it was found that the best thickness was (0.12 μm).
After adopting both the window layers and Buffer layers, the modified cell became )MoS/CZTS/ZnS/i-ZnO/ZnO:AL( the thickness of the Absorption layer was tested, and it was found that the best thickness of the Absorption layer ( CZTS ) was ( 1.5µm ), then the cell output (Voc = 1.0596V, Jsc=28.1390 mA/cm2, FF= 88.41%, =26.37%).

Civil War Al maghuleyah 664_701 H/ 1266_1302 M Analytical Study

raghag abdulkareem aljnajaar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 980-1002
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.168530

his study sheds light on the most terrible Magholian civil wars, which were the theater of Turkestan, Transoxania, and China, which lasted for nearly three and a half decades, and the reasons for which are due to the desire of the parties to lead and dominate the areas of influence of the Maghol Empire, Arik Buka, who had declared himself a traitor to the Mongols, was preoccupied with this war between Kublai and Kaidu khan in Western Turkestan, and Kaido was one of the fiercest opponents of Kublai declaration of himself as emperor of the Maghols in the year 658 AH / 1260 AD, and this opposition led the two parties to declare war between them and intensified after Kublai realized that Kaidu ambition did not stop. At the borders of preserving its properties in the countries of Western Turkestan, but was extended to impose its hegemony over the countries of Transoxiana and Khorasan, and its goals from that were to control the trade of the Silk Road that was passing through these countries, This is what actually happened when Kaidu was able to impose his will on these countries,

Techniques of Meta-narrative : Elias Khoury's Awlad Al-Ghetto- Esme Adaة

Dr. Sahar Resan Hussein resan ِAkaraghule

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 357-404
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167729

The novel is no longer regarded as a pure literary work and a small isolated individual project. Rather, it has become a creative human construction with different sources and diverse cultures, languages, and styles. It is an innovative carnivalistic art for the techniques of being transformed and updated, techniques that make it distinctive and that give it origins, foundations, transformations, and philosophical cognitive contexts. This is because it opens to the ever-evolving psychological and scientific explorations in addition to the overlapping and mixture with other genres and arts. The novel is quite dynamic whose form is life itself, and it is vital and innovative. It always searches a meaning that interprets life in a way as to reconstruct existence again. The novel is no longer regarded as a pure literary work and a small isolated individual project. Rather, it has become a creative human construction with different sources and diverse cultures, languages, and styles. It is an innovative carnivalistic art for the techniques of being transformed and updated, techniques that make it distinctive and that give it origins, foundations, transformations, and philosophical cognitive contexts. This is because it opens to the ever-evolving psychological and scientific explorations in addition to the overlapping and mixture with other genres and arts. The novel is quite dynamic whose form is life itself, and it is vital and innovative. It always searches a meaning that interprets life in a way as to reconstruct existence again.

Evaluating the human, material and financial resources management in the sports giftedness departments of the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the specialized centers trainers

د عدی غانم غانم الکواز; محمد عطیة العبادی

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 757-782
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167743

The research aims to
1.Preparing the assessment tool for human, material and financial resources management in the departments of sports talent in the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the trainers of the specialized centers.
2.Evaluating the financial resources management in the sports talent care departments of the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the specialized centers trainers.
3. Evaluating the human and material resources management in the sports talent care departments of the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports from the point of view of the specialized centers trainers.
The descriptive approach was used in the survey method, and the research samples consisted of the initial exploratory application sample of (10) trainers, the sample to verify the internal consistency and stability of the tool of (117) trainers, and the application sample of (68) trainers, and a questionnaire was prepared to evaluate The human, material and financial resources management in the departments of sports talent in the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports, which included two dimensions, the first of which was concerned with evaluating the management of human and material resources. The second dimension was concerned with evaluating the management of financial resources. The period on the five Likert scale.
The most important conclusions were
1. Financial management factors related to the preservation of public money and its good utilization, and the existence of a sound financial control system that provides the characteristics and conditions for using financial resources at a medium level.
2. The factors of human and material resource development came in the departments of sports talent care at the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports related to the proportionality of the numbers of coaches in the specialized center with the number of talented players and the provision of clothing, tools and sports equipment for talented people in the specialized in an Middle level.
 
 

The Absurdity of Recall (Nostalgia) and the Tendency towards Future Reading in Imru' al-Qais’s Nuniyya

nasrat salih oghaidi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 307-322
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2021.167727

The majority of literary texts and their various genres are based upon the three units of tense (past, present and future). Despite the fact that there are many critical studies in this field, yet, there is still a room for interpretation since those literary texts, especially pre-Islamic ones, are loaded with various critical visions. As such, we chose to study Imru' al-Qais’s Nuniyya  addressing the very reasons for the poet’s vision of the absurdism of the mnemonic movements as well as nostalgia and at the same time his precipitancy towards future and its pleasures which indicates the poet’s pursue to neglect both past and present laying a tremendous interest to future and the pursue of its pleasures. This vision gushed out due to the poet’s consciousness of the inevitability of death, therefore surging towards future trying, as possible, to win as much of its pleasures.
 

Morale Among Physical Education Teachers in Nineveh Governorate Center

mqld taha alwtar

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 703-728
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167234

Abstract:
The research aims to:
• Learn about the degree of morale among physical education teachers in the Nineveh Governorate Center.
• Identify the differences in the degree of morale between male and female teachers.
The researchers hypothesized:
• Physical education teachers have a positive degree in morale.
•There are no significant differences in the degree of morale between male and female teachers.
The researchers used the descriptive approach, and the research was conducted on physical education teachers at the Nineveh Governorate Center for the academic year (2019-2020).
The researchers used arithmetic mean, standard deviation, median, mode, hypothetical mean, torsion equation, T-test for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, Fakronbach coefficient, T-test for one sample.
The researchers concluded:
Physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate have low morale.
- There are differences in the degree of morale between male and female teachers and in favor of male teachers.
The researchers recommended:
- Attention to the morale of physical education teachers by specialists in order to improve the educational, educational and athletic level in Nineveh Governorate by increasing the material and moral incentives for them.
- Conducting other studies to identify the reasons and underlying motives behind the low level of morale among physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate.
Carrying out studies on the level of morale of teachers of other subjects.

Construction and applying a measure of psychological well-being for player Construction and applying well-being psychological scale for some advanced players of Mosul clubs s of some advanced Mosul clubs

qusay fahmi akeel

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 835-856
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167240

The researchers used the descriptive approach in the survey and relational style, and the research community included (224) athletes distributed among the sports clubs in some clubs in the city of Mosul. The applicants included (Fatwa, Bright Future, Nineveh workers, Iyad Sheet, and the municipality). The building sample included (157) players from The research community, representing (70%), and the application sample included (67) players from the research community, representing a percentage (30%). To achieve the research objectives, the two researchers built the psychological well-being scale according to the scientific foundations to build psychological measures and the scale consisted of (38) paragraphs distributed on Six axes.
The researchers concluded the following:
The effectiveness of the scale that was built to measure the degree of psychological well-being of the players of some advanced Mosul clubs.
-Players of team and individual games in some advanced Mosul clubs are distinguished by high psychological well-being.
The researchers recommended the following:
- Conducting future research to know the degree of psychological well-being among Olympic and non-Olympic Games athletes.
- The necessity for local officials and those concerned in the matter of sports to pay attention to developing the reality of sports clubs in the city of Mosul through material and moral support for the athletes segment and to provide psychological and physical treatment centers free of charge inside the city of Mosul to enhance the well-being of the players.

The Inhibitory effect of Alcoholic Extracts of Three Weeds on Growth of some Microorganisms

Zakaria Sami Almola; شاکر غازی المولى; ندى جاسم احمد

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 929-948
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167244

The research included determining the inhibitory effect of crude ethanol extracts of three herbaceous plants in some fungi and bacteria. The plants were Oxalis corniculata, Portulaca oleracea, and Euphorbia prostrata, while the fungi were Aspergillus niger, Alternaria sp., Fusarium sp. and Macrophomina phaseolina, the bacteria were E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The inhibitory efficacy of three concentrations of each plant extract were 5, 10 and 20 (mg / ml) tested against the four fungi by measuring the diameters of the colonies in each concentration in addition to the control treatment, then the percentages of inhibition were calculated, and the effectiveness of the three concentrations against the six bacterial species were tested by measuring diameter of the zone of inhibition around disks saturated with concentrations of extracts as well as comparison with the diameters of inhibition obtained from standard antibiotic disks. It was noticed that the percentages of inhibition of fungi increased by increasing the concentrations of the extracts, so the concentration 5 mg/ ml had the least effect, while the concentration of 20 mg/ ml inhibited the growth of all fungi by 100% and for all three types of extracts. The results also showed that the fungus Alternaria sp. is more sensitive to plant extracts, followed by Fusarium sp., and the results also showed that the extracts of the O. corniculata and the P. oleracea had inhibitory activity against S. aureus, K. pneumoniae and E. coli, while the crude extract of the E. prostrata showed a great inhibition against all bacterial species and in direct proportion with the concentration..

Lebanon and Declaration of the United Arabia Republic in 1958 A Study in popular and official positions

Jassim Mohammed almrbd

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 477-498
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167224

تکمن أهمیة البحث فی دراسة تجربة الجمهوریة العربیة المتحدة بین مصر وسوریا 1958 وموقف لبنان الشعبی والرسمی منها لا سیما وأنها أول تجربة وحدویة معاصرة جاءت استجابة للمطلب الجماهیری العربی الذین کان یرى فی تحقیق هذه الوحدة للتخلص من واقع التخلف والبؤس الذی یعانی منه الشعب العربی وکذلک التخلص من التبعیة الاستعماریة.
قسم البحث على أربعة محاور ، خصص المحور الأول لمقدمات قیام الجمهوریة العربیة المتحدة والتی تمثلت بعقد عدد من الاتفاقیات العسکریة والتجاریة والاقتصادیة بین مصر وسوریا فی المدة ما بین عامی 1955 ـــ 1957 ، اما المحور الثانی فقد تناول متابعة مفاوضات الوحدة بین مصر وسوریا والتی بدأت بین الطرفین فی المدة ما بین 11 ـــ 27 کانون الثانی / ینایر 1958 والتی تم فیها مناقشة الخطوط العریضة لدولة الوحدة ، بینما تناول المحور الثالث إعلان قیام الوحدة فی الأول من شباط / فبرایر 1958 والتی سمیت بـ (الجمهوریة العربیة المتحدة) ، أما المحور الرابع فقد بحث فی موقف لبنان الشعبی والرسمی من قیام الوحدة ، إذ تناول أولاً الموقف الشعبی المؤید لمشروع الوحدة والذی تمثل بالأحزاب السیاسیة وکذلک الموقف الجماهیری الذی تجسد بإقامة الاحتفالات والمهرجانات فی مختلف انحاء لبنان ابتهاجاً بالوحدة ، وکذلک إرسال الوفود الشعبیة التی مثلت جمیع المدن اللبنانیة إلى سوریا للتعبیر عن تأییدها للوحدة ، کما شمل المحور تناول الموقف الرسمی اللبنانی من قیام الوحدة والذی تناول موقف رئاسة الجمهوریة والحکومة اللبنانیة ومجلس النواب اللبنانی.

Economical Change in Libya1969-1977

nihaya Salih

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 499-522
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.167225

The end of 50s and the beginning of 60s are regarded  as a changing point in economic and social aspects in Libya . Its economy turned from still into rapidly developed economy due to discovery and export of oil in 1961 , the dominance of oil sector over economy was greatl . The Libyan economy witnessed rapid growth during the 70s of the last century . Libya became one of the richest states specially after the coup made by a group of Libyan officers on 1st of September 1969 against monarchy and declaring republic and liberating the Libyan economy from  foreign dependency and transforming it into a productive national economy  . Therefore, the property of the Italians who colonized Libya throughout the previous six decades of the twentieth century was nationalized, and this was a major  step in the field of liberalizing the Libyan economy, as well as the nationalization of oil, banking and agricultural companies.
The political developments in Libya During Republic Era 1969-   1977 were accompanied by major developments in political, economic and social fields; therefor, the study comes by extrapolating and analyzing these developments and its implications on the economic aspects, especially in the agricultural, industrial and trade sectors.

Organizational Equilibrium in the sections of educational and specialist supervision in Iraq

د عدی غانم غانم الکواز

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 776-794
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165727

الملخص
هدف البحث الى:
1-تصمیم استبیان التوازن التنظیمی من وجهة نظر المشرفین الاختصاص فی مدیریات الاشراف التربوی فی العراق.
2-التعرف على التوازن التنظیمی فی اقسام الاشراف التربوی والاختصاصی.
3-التعرف على ابعاد التوازن التنظیمی وعوامله من وجهة نظر المشرفین التربویین والمشرفین الاختصاص (اختصاص تربیة ریاضیة) على فی العراق.
استخدم الباحثین المنهج الوصفی التحلیلی وقد تم الاعتماد على الاستبیانات فی الحصول على البیانات اللازمة، وقد استخدم الباحثین طریقة الحصر الشامل للمشرفین التربویین والاختصاصیین التابعین لمدیریة الاشراف التربوی فی العراق والبالغ عددهم الکلی ( 514 ) مشرف، حیث وزع الاستبیان على المشرفین فی أغلب محافظات العراق وقد تضمن الاستبیان (44) فقرة، تم تحلیلها باستخدام برنامج (Spss) واستخدام الاسالیب الاحصائیة اختبار (ت) لعینتین مستقلتین فی استخراج القوة التمیزیة لعبارات المقاییس، ومعامل ارتباط بیرسون لقیاس الاتساق الداخلی للمقاییس، معامل الفا ، والتجزئة النصفیة فی استخراج الثبات، التکرار والنسبة المئویة فی استخراج مستویات الاجابة على المقاییس، المدى وطول الفئة، کانت اهم النتائج صلاحیة استبیان التوازن التنظیمی فی قیاس ابعاده فی مدیریة الاشراف التربوی وأوصت الدراسة باهتمام وزارة التربیة العراقیة بالحوافز المادیة والمعنویة لما لها تأثیر فی مهام وعمل المشرفین التربویین ومنحها فی وقتها المحدد لما لها تأثیر ایجابی فی نفوس المشرفین، والعمل على اجراء دراسات مشابهة عن دور التوازن التنظیمی.

Ibn Zaidoun Al-Mutanabbi's opposition read in Nonya

Eman sheel Salim سهیل Alrawi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 333-350
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165728

It is recognized that oppositions are partial simulations of a later text of a previous text, as they are an intentional act that underlies this intentionality for several reasons.
In this approach, we tried to present two readings of Nuniyat al-Mutanabbi and Nuniyya Ibn Zaydoon, as we find the features of the opposition clear between the two texts.
The research plan was based on a precursor in which we talked about the term opposition and its motives, revealing at the same time that the opposition is a conscious intertextuality. As for the procedural field, we have presented a reading of the similarities between the two texts, as follows
Time as we talked about the effect of time and its process on poets
  The ego presented a definition of the term ana and the extent and image of the presence of hope in the two texts
  The other We talked about the attitude of the two poets towards the other and its forms, and why the situation was shaped by each of them