Keywords : Ibn

The Existential Anxiety in Mullaqat Tarfa Ibn Al-Abd

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 617-632
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2018.159241

Since man realized the inevitability of death . he tried to solve its mystery . As a result of helplessness in this issue , he turned to make use of the pleasure of life continuously , he also trie to make his surroundings obey his desires . This is what called the existential anxiety.
A close reading of Mua’laqat Tarfa shows that the poet is concerned with pleasure rather than duty . We study in this paper the signs of this anxiety . The study is divided into two section: the first shows the signs of following pleasure and the second shows the attempts of the poet to exploit others in order to achieve his illegal desire . the study is concluded with a conclusion that sums up the results which the present study arrived at.


Textual Relationships between the Ta'eya of Al-Harraq Al-Tatwany and the Greatest Ta'eya of Ibn Al-Faredh

Bashar Nadeem Ahmed Al-Bajajy

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 257-276

The" greatest Ta'eya " of Ibn Al-Faredh ( A.H) is considered one of the most famous Poems in Arabic language. The affection by this Sufi text varies into many forms,. One of those who was influenced by the " greatest Ta'eya " was a sufi Moroccan Poet named Al-Harraq Al-Tatwa'ey (died in A.H.) who opposed Ibn Al-Faredh's poem with Ta'eya, in which works on the artistic and ideological approach. Therefore, the textual relationships varies between the two poems, in which the most important is the connotation level between the two texts, in the way it relate the indicative with the thing or one being indicated between the pronunciation and meaning, so we can say that the most significant thing that congregate between Ibn Al-Faredh and Al-Tatwany, is that both of them commencing from the obvious truth of Sufi extinction.

Ibn Harith Al-Khushani and His Methodology In His Book ((Akhbar Al-Fuqahaa’ wal Muhaditheen))

Ahmad Hashim Muhammad Salih Al-Sabaawi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 257-280

Ibn Harith Al-Khushani has authored many books which enriched the library especially in biography. His book ((Akhbar Al-Fuqahaa’ wal Muhaditheen)) which is one of the early books in biography in Andalucía has presented adequate information related to most of the jurists and scholars of Andalucía as well as other scholars in different fields. He has written down their names, lineages, nicknames, years of birth, countries, names of their Sheikhs, students, books, narrated materials, the sciences they studied, specializations, journeys, movements among cities and he mostly mentions their dates of death.
No doubt that these books give us adequate information which is transmitted by the author who in turn transmitted it from his Sheikhs since he accompanied them and knew them well so he became more reliable than others in reporting their stories and following up their conditions and what they have produced to enrich the Islamic civilization.
This study tries to show the scientific efforts that have been exerted by them during their studies and journeys. It can be said that Ibn Harith Al-Khushani in his book has dealt with the information related to the jurists and narrators who belong to Andalucía. He mentioned some important events in his era and transmitted some poems that have been quoted by the jurists and narrators. Writing the biography of jurists and scholars, he mentioned the books authored by each one of them, the posts they occupied, their relations with rulers and princes of his time and the stands on general issues of the nation. He also touched on the characteristics of each sheikh they wrote about.
The study consists of three sections. Section one deals with the life of Ibn Harith Al-Khushani and his status. The second section talks about Ibn Harith Al-Khushani’s methodology in his book. Section three investigates Ibn Al-Khushani’s references in his book. This section has been divided into three subsections.

Abu Marwan Ibn Hayyan Al-Qurtubi

Ghaida Ahmed Saadoun Shlash

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 209-236

Abu Marwan Ibn Hayyan Al-Qurtubi ,the critic and famous historian, lived between ( – A.H.) .He was praised by many authors for his culture ,literature and his position among the scholars of the th century A.H. in Andalusia. This study examined Ibn Hayyan's opinions published in his books and the books of other authors who transferred his writings.
Abu Hayyan was interested in registering the historical events in Andalusia and the definitions of its most important scholars since the Andalusia conquer in A.H. to his death .He examined their poetry and literary writings in various critical studies included within this study,such as: Endowment and craftsmanship, intuition and improvisation , poetry motifs, the bids of the praised to the poet, literature influence on the receiver, plagiarism, comparisons between literary men , preferring some of them to others, presenting orators before poets, the way of choosing verses, the poets' titles, time and place effect on poetry, word and meaning, preferring allusion to declaration, the ethical and religious commitment, and the length of poems with seeking for meaning. He followed in his opinions a number of critics in addition to his own view in a way that certifies his careful analytical critical view.