Keywords : Islam


Refusal of Tribal Transformations in the Poetry of Early Period of Islam

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 561-578
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2018.159225

The reader of the poetic verses that tackle the tribe in the pre- Islamic paganism finds that they describe the tribe as a coherent physical unit which has its own convention that may considered inviolable by the members. As soon as Islam appeared the coherence of the tribe has been be demanded when most tribes, that embraced Islam abandoned their customs that are not in harmony with Islamic principles. This has been rejected by some of the poets of that era.
This study tries to detect the aspects of this refusal by those poets. The study consists of an in introduction which deals with the concept of refusal its reasons and factors that brought it into view at that time The introduction is followed by a review of the as peats of the refusal and how the poets expressed their refusal the poems. The study ended with a conclusion which comprises the most important finding that have been reached and followed with a bibliography which contains the references that have been consulted in this study.
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The Role of Sheikhs of Islam in Taking Decisions in ottoman State

Emad AbduAzez Yosef; Maher Hamed Jasem

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2007, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 327-344

The research deals with the important role of sheikhs of Islam in taking decisions in ottoman state. Owing to their high status in society, sheikhs of Islam a great effect on different matters, In fact, they are not only concerned with religious affairs but also with political and social ones.