About Journal

About Journal  College of basic education resesrch journal is a global, scientific and open access journal. Publishing under the license of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY), this journal is published biannually by the College of basic education, University of Mosul, 1993. We are using iThenticate to prevent plagiarism and to ensure the originality of our submitted manuscripts. A double-blind peer reviewing system is also used to assure the quality of publication. The journal publishes original articles, review papers and case reports in the field  science and humman....
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Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  mosulbasicedu_993@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr.fathil Khalil Ibrahim

ISSN: 1992-7452

The Effect of Collective Games in Developing the Social Behavior for the Kindergartens Children

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 1-24

Abstract: The current research have aimed to identify "the effect of collective games in developing the social behavior of the kindergarten children". The researchers have used the experimental design with two equivalent groups, experimental and control, by pre and posttests. The research sample consisted of (50) children as 25 ones for each group, applying the collective games on the experimental group, then the researcher has conducted equivalence process between the two groups about several variables as age calculated with months, gender, and academic achievement of father and mother. Then the researcher has prepared the scale of social behavior which has been verified of its validity by introducing it to several experts, the reliability coefficient was identified by re test method amounted (0,82), as well as the researcher has prepared a program for collective games which has been verified of its validity by introducing it to several experts to decide the validity of each game for its specialized purpose and aim , then their opinions were re formulating some of these games in terms of linguistic items. The experiment continued 12 weeks by applying the tool on the two research groups to identify the effect of collective games in developing the social behavior for the kindergarten children, after data has been treated statistically by using t test for two independent samples and t test for two correlated samples, so the results have shown the following: " There is no statistical difference at significance level (0,05) in the mean of experimental group degrees in the pre and posttest to the scale of social behavior which has been prepared by the researchers. In the light of these results, the researchers have recommended researchers have the importance of preparing sessions for the teachers of kindergartens to enable them in giving assistance to select and put the programs of collective games, as well as the researcher has suggested conducting a study about the effect of collective games in reducing the aggressive behavior for the children of kindergarten .

Decision Making by Kindergarten Headmasters According to Headmasters and Teachers Point of view

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 25-56

The present research aims to know the ability of kindergarten headmasters to take decision according to the administration principles in Ninava Government center 2010 - 2011 .
The researcher prepared two questionnaires consisted of 24 items for each . The validity was established . The reliability of the two questionnaires was 0.82 for headmasters Q and 0.78 for teachers Q .
T-test , Pearson coefficient , and probability means to analyze the results .
The results revealed that the headmasters have the ability to take decision . Also the results showed that there were no statistical significant differences between the mean scores of headmasters and teachers in evaluating the kindergarten headmasters in performing the administration work .
suggestions and recommendations were made .
keywords : take decision , kindergarten , educational administration
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Emotion Deprivation and its Relationship with Self-Efficacy of Third Intermediate Class

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 57-96

Abstract:The current study has aimed into identifying the level of emotional deprivation for the intermediate stage pupils in the city center of Thi Qar governorate, in addition to identifying the differences in the level of emotional deprivation for the intermediate stage pupils in the city center of Thi Qar governorate according to the variable of gender (male-female), identifying the level of self-efficacy for the intermediary stage pupils in the city center of Thi Qar governorate, and the differences in the level of self-efficacy for the intermediary stage in the city center of Thi Qar governorate according to the variable of gender (male-female), as well as this study has aimed into identifying the relationship between emotional deprivation and self-efficacy for the intermediary stage pupils , and identifying the differences in the level of relationship between emotional deprivation and self-efficacy for the intermediate stage pupils according to the variable of gender (male-female).The main research sample has consisted of (600) pupils have been chosen according to equal random method from (30) schools of Thi Qar governorate schools in the amount of (20) pupils from each school.In order to achieve the research aims, so the researcher has depended the scale of emotional deprivation prepared by (Al-J`affery, 2002), the researcher has verified the external validity of the instrument through introducing it for some experts including professors specialized in educational and psychological sciences, as well as he has verified of it reliability by two methods, the first one: is the re test method when the value of Pearson correlation coefficient (0,81), the other one by using alpha Cronbach equation amounting the value of reliability coefficient (0,85). The researcher has depended the scale of self-efficacy prepared by (Al-Khaldy, 2007), verifying its external validity through introducing it for some experts including professors specialized in educational and psychological sciences, , as well as he has verified of it reliability by two methods, the first one: it is the re test method when the value of Pearson correlation coefficient (0,82), the other one by using alpha Cronbach equation amounting the value of reliability coefficient (0,88). Data has been treated statistically by using alpha Cronbach equation, Pearson correlation coefficient, t test for one sample and two independent samples, t test for correlation coefficient, and z test.Then the researcher has reached several results:The pupils of intermediary stage has suffered emotional deprivation. There are statistical differences in the level of emotional deprivation for the pupils of intermediary stage according to gender (male-female) in favor of female.3. The pupils of intermediary stage have good level of self-efficacy.4. . There are statistical differences in the level of self efficacy according to gendre variable in favor of male. 5. There is positive and statistical correlation relationship between emotional deprivation and self efficacy for the pupils of intermediary stage. 6. There is statistical difference in the level of emotional deprivation and self efficacy for the pupils of intermediary stage according to gender (male-female) in favor of male. .

Investigating the Effect of Denies Model in Developing Mathematical Skills for Fifth Primary Grade Pupils

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 97-142

Abstract: The research model was selected intentionally from research community, and consists of (46) pupils in the fifth class grade from school of Abby alfaqar for girls and distributed randomly on the two groups as much as (25) pupils for the experimental group which studied the subject according to Denies samples the and (21) pupils for the control group which studied subject itself on the according to the normal method,
Next, the researcher started by applying the experiment from one of researcher on Sunday (23/1/2014) and ended on Thursday (17/4/2014 )and applying Mathematics skill pre-test, the data were analyzed statistically by using(T) tests for two independent samples and the results were as follows.There is difference with statistical significance between the two pre and post- tests of the experimental group of Mathematical skills tests in favor of post- tests.There is no significance difference between the two pre and post- tests of the construct group of Mathematical skills test. There is a difference with statistical significance between the average degrees of mathematical development skills for two groups, the experimental and control and in favor of the experimental groups.
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Quality of Life of Educational

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 143-180

The research aims at investigating the level of Quality of Life of Counselors, and the differences according to variables of sex(male female) and years of service in Nineveh Governorate, The sample consisted of (150) Counselors,(77)male, and(73) female, for the purpose of investigating the objective of the research aims, the researchers prepared a questionnaire consisting of (56) items. The researchers have used number of statistical tools for to analyze data such as: Pearson, t-test for One sample, and t-test for two sample, and ANOVA One way, grindings show that, Counselors have high level of Quality of Life, and a female Counselors have higher score than male Counselors in level of Quality of Life, also there is no significant statistical difference between Counselors in Nineveh Governorate concerning period of occupation in regards to level of Quality of Life. In the light of the result, the researchers presented a set of recommendations and suggestions. .

The Activity of Counseling Selection Program in Reducing Feeling Guilty for College of Basic Education Students

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 307-330

The aim of the current research is for knowing the activity of selecting counseling program in reducing feeling guilty for College of Basic Education students, the sample consisted of (36) students of special education department third stage with high feeling of guilt. The experimental design was chosen with two groups (experimental group) in random shape and distracted in two groups. Depending on critical of (Badhia, 2002) for feeling guilty it consisted of (64) paragraphs. Extract reliability through exposure to specialist community the steadily are accounted by re-test (0,79) the exposition the experimental counseling program and leaving the control group for statistical comparison take two months the number of seening (13) seenisation the period between (45) minute. By using the (test-t) through statistical case. The empirical appear difference with abstract for empirical group (0,05) this means the positive effect a knowledgment and suggestion. .

The Impact of Generative Learning Strategy in Second Grade Students in Islamic Education

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 331-368

Abstract:Research identifles the impact of obstetric education strategy in the achievement of second grade students in Islamic education and research goal the following hypotheses were formulated ;(no significant moral difference when level (0.05)between the average grades of students in accomplishing and the average score for students in the control group check for Islamic education). The sample search (80) astudent selected by ksdia researcher from the research community has been divided into two groups;The first experimental;(40)a student studied and searched as obstetric strategy; second officer (40) a student studied and searched on the way.I was awarded my group searching for a number of variables that may affect the safety of experimental design to look like the chronological age level of intelligence; degrees achievement in Islamic education second grade average in the first semester of the year (2013-2014) the overall average grade students Degrees in the first semester for all subjects of (2013-2014) and the educational level of the parents ;and the experimental design chosen two powerful brokers; test post search goal May request an instrument representing the achievement test in Islamic education (researcher)final test of (36) paragraph of multiple choice type ;handout and persistence were extracted using kiodr equation Richardson(20) . after collecting and analyzing data using statistical test two t-independent researcher concluded; A statistically significant difference between the standardized experimental group examined obstetric learning strategy and the average control group collection examined according to the traditional method of collection testing for experimental group..

Assessment of Islamic Education Teachers' Mastery of Tajweed Rules They (Theoretical and Performance) Prescribed for Secondary Schools

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 369-390

The study aimed at evaluating Islamic Education teachers' mastery of tajweed rules they teach in the preparatory schools .
The sample consists of 60 male and female teachers of Islamic education , 30 males and 30 females teachers chosen randomly from the population .
The researcher prepared two instruments for this study . The first one was a written test of 25 multiple choice items . The second was a performance test. The validity and reliability of the two tests have been fulfilled , in addition to some information about giving marks .
After analyzing data by using the suitable statistical means , the findings were :
Performance level of Islamic education teachers in each theoretical and performance knowledge was less than 80% .
There was a significant statistical difference at 0.05 level of significance , between male and female teacher in the performance test for the benefit of teachers .
In the light of those two findings , the researcher sets mail number of recommendations and suggestion .

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Contemporary Private schools in Mosul (Al-Awael Primary Private Mixed school 2005-2008 a Model) Documentary study

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 415-432

After a long personalities of private schools in the city of Mosul, lasted nearly thirty years, some of Mosul's well-known establishment able to open a private school in the city in the name of " Al Awael Primary mixed school " since its when it opened its doors to students in the 2005-2006 school year (but now A mixed elementary and secondary school for boys and girls has been opened inIn one building in the AL-Arab district adjacent to the monastery of St.). Later, it opened a class for the first intermediate in independent building adjacent to the primary school in 2009, and the primary school taught the curriculum of the Ministry of Education similar to the official schools, but it obtained the approval of the Directorate of Education province intended to add the English language and the computer used by the students after a full explanation of the methods used by the teachers responsible for the computer, where some books were programmed on the computer and became electronic books easy to use by students, such as reading, mathematics and science.The study dealt with the historical beginning of the emergence of private schools in the city of Mosul, how to crystallize the idea of establishing AL- Awail Primary School in Mosul, obtaining the official from the Ministry of Education to open it. The study also examined the attempt to expand the project to establish a model school group within the University of Mosul. The success in this schools for the years 2005-2008. .

The Rhythm of Narrative Character in The Rhythm of Narrative Character in Al-Hathalyeen Poetry

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 499-518

The poetry of Al-Hathalyeen is characterized by narrative tendency especially picturing (the character) which expresses the soul of group that spread in the tribe and the nature of Bedouin need which lead to the introduction of narrative characters that require a specific rhythm.
The research is based on an and four parts. The introduction contained the determination of the concept of rhythm and its relationship to the narrative character , the first part is concerned with the study of (the rhythm of character in the event) while the second is concerned with study of (the rhythm of character in the place) . The third detective death the study of (the rhythm of character in time ) and the forth on contained the study of (the rhythm of character in the time – place ).
The research dependes on an analytical study for the types of narrative character to explain the artistic and collective values that results from it .
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The Semantic Origin of Irregularities in Maqayis Al- Luga Lexicon " Language Standard"

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 519-540

Designating some utterances in "Mu'jam Maqyis Al- Luga" as being irregular arouses the attention of the lexicon scholar and the common reader alike. Actually, this book has a unique phenomenon which hardly exists in other lexicons. This is due to the fact that Ibn Faris stood alone at handling a methodological establishment of root derivations .It is true that Ibn Faris compiled his lexicon on a verbal bases following the alphabetical order of roots as well as the circulation system which he adopted single- handedly. However, he did pay much attention to the semantic origin of roots which almost comprised all the roots listed in his lexicon .
The idea of this research approves Ibn Faris's concepts on the one hand and contradicts them on the other. The contradicts is based on referring utterances. Some of which are referred to their semantic origins after scanning some lexicons and books which deal with linguistic utterances. It is not possible to refer all utterances to their origins as it takes a long time detailed information.
The methodological approach is based on reviewing the utterances, which Ibn Faris considered irregular , in such books as (Mu'jam Al-Ain) –The eye lexicon, (Al-Ishtiqaq book)- The book of derivation, (Jamharat Al-Luga)- The assemble of language, (tahtheeb Al-Luga) –The emendation of language, (Al-Sahah)- The book of emendation and other linguistic books.
Using certain semantic connections, the research aims at finding semantic links which can relate the utterances under consideration to the general semantic origins.
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The Visual Image in Public Tales: The Tales of Khair Addin Ubayd a Model

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 541-560

This work aims at studying the total discourse in children story concerning its addressing and directions to the visual sense in specific.
This has been done through examining the technique and methods of building the visual image rather than other senses .It is an image which affects the child's cognition and its reception of the written text where the writer depends on conveying the message of his text where the child receives and gathers its parts, details and its building in his mind through using his active imagination powerfully and the aesthetic values which suit its age.These values were acquired through his senses.
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Refusal of Tribal Transformations in the Poetry of Early Period of Islam

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 561-578

The reader of the poetic verses that tackle the tribe in the pre- Islamic paganism finds that they describe the tribe as a coherent physical unit which has its own convention that may considered inviolable by the members. As soon as Islam appeared the coherence of the tribe has been be demanded when most tribes, that embraced Islam abandoned their customs that are not in harmony with Islamic principles. This has been rejected by some of the poets of that era.
This study tries to detect the aspects of this refusal by those poets. The study consists of an in introduction which deals with the concept of refusal its reasons and factors that brought it into view at that time The introduction is followed by a review of the as peats of the refusal and how the poets expressed their refusal the poems. The study ended with a conclusion which comprises the most important finding that have been reached and followed with a bibliography which contains the references that have been consulted in this study.
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Self – Retrieval of the Past In Imru Al- Qais Poetry

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 579-602

Abstract:The recitation of the past has gained a wide area in the Arab pre-Islamic poetry. It is clear that this retrieval has its effects on the poetic experience, as it is in itself a past tense, and since the originality of the ancient Arabic poetry is found in the poetry of the man who is clearly the last recollection expressed in life and the present moment is Death and decay So we find the poet in his adventure retrieval in poetry as a phenomenonAs a distinct phenomenon in his poetry and presented in a poetic form of creative able to convey his emotions and emotions and philosophy in life provided a vision of life and the universe manifested by the life of absurdity and dispersion and loss that was lived.  .

Conflict with Nature in the Poetry of AL-A’asha

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 603-616

This study aims to clarifying the dimensions of conflict with nature in the poetry of Al-A’asha. The struggle for survival is the main motive in achieving the goals of the poet and reaching what he aspires to. The study was divided into two sections:
The first section is the painting of the ruins and the destruction that the poet embodies it in the natural images of the aspirations of man, but the poet did not surrender to their forces either by the elements of nature or by the influence of wine.
The second part is: the journey as a conflicting face with the nature that the poet lived between reality and dream, and the subsequent feeling of fabrication in himself and his mind and embodied his effects in the painting of danger and resistance to ward off the hunter and his dogs
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The Existential Anxiety in Mullaqat Tarfa Ibn Al-Abd

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 617-632

Since man realized the inevitability of death . he tried to solve its mystery . As a result of helplessness in this issue , he turned to make use of the pleasure of life continuously , he also trie to make his surroundings obey his desires . This is what called the existential anxiety.
A close reading of Mua’laqat Tarfa shows that the poet is concerned with pleasure rather than duty . We study in this paper the signs of this anxiety . The study is divided into two section: the first shows the signs of following pleasure and the second shows the attempts of the poet to exploit others in order to achieve his illegal desire . the study is concluded with a conclusion that sums up the results which the present study arrived at.

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The Mythical Influence in Abi - Alala’s Elegies Sakt Azzand as a Case Study

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 633-646

This study aims at shedding light on the mythical Influence in Abi - Alala’s Elegies Sakt Azzand. The study consists of an introduction and two sections. The introduction tackles the close relationship between the poetry and myth. The first section is devoted to the influence of animal myths on this diwan. The second section shows the influence of star myths – whether embodied in earthly animal or pure star myths. We studied the way in which the poet employed myths in his poetry.
Through this study it became clear that poetry and myth are twins. Despite the fact that the human conscious was separated from the mythical thought, it was still influenced by it. Abu Alala made full use from these myths whether star myths or animal ones and whether native or universal but his employment of myths differs from one place to another. Sometimes, he enters a dialogue relationship with myths and mixes what is Arabic with what is universal. Other times, the merely narrates the mythical narrative.
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The Place in the Poetry of AL-Thaalbi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 647-664

ALThaalbi is known as being a poet in addition to being a writer. The place was distinctive in his odes and strophes, for this reason this research came to analyze the patterns of places by analyzing reading work on touching the beauties of the place and its artistic and objectivity value in the divan that grossed by (the doctor Mahmmod Abdullah AL-Jadiry arranged it from the rhyme of A-to Z.
The research is based on one entrance and two detectives. The entrance contained the determination of the concept of place and the summary of life and poetry of ALthaalbi.
The first detectives concerned with studying (the natural place ) whence the earth : the land ( the gardens-the mountains and the desert)
and water (the seas- the lakes- the fount and the bourn) and whence the sky (the sun – the moon- the stars and the clouds) while the second detective contained studying of synthetical place whence the non Arabic cities (Nisabour-bist-ghurna-khuarsim- Jurjani- Fathalray-kerman-Borjania- Sarkhas and Sjestan) and the Arabic cities (Egypt, Babil, and Baghdad).
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The Artistic Picture in the Haia of Alsherif AL-Radi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 665-680

The Haia of AL-sherif AL-Radi is considered one of the most important poetry written by this poet in picturing the sufferings of pain and weird after the absence of his father and his staying in prison according to the order of Athid AL-dula , so it characterized by the accurate artistic images so this research came to work on the analysis of these images according to the old Rhetorical standard and the new monetary because the contents of this leads to increase the value of this poetry to reveal the artistic value of images and explain its dimensions and denotations .
The research was based on an introduction and two parts . The introduction contained the determination of the concept of artistic image and summary of the life of AL-sherif AL-radi and his poetry . The first section was based on studying (the artistic image according to the rhetorical standard ) from the point of the symmetry and the metaphor image and the euphemism picture while the second section was devoter to the study of the artistic imaging according to the rhetorical standard from the point of contrasted couples : The partial image ,the complete image , the constant image ,the kinetic image, the simple image , the composites image
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A Reading in the Poem (The of Song Mirror) by Ali Jaafar Al-Aalaq (Key Words as a Model)

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 681-708

The study dis cusses the poem "The Mirror Song" to investigate the language of the poet (Ali Jaafar Al-Aalaq), which attracts the reader towards its carefully crafted artistic composition, which is aware of the characteristics of language and the poetic methods of critical awareness. literary work is questioned in order to reveal the implied semantic content behind it's ambiguous language, up to the absent text.
Reading using the (key words) method helps to trace the most stylistic features. Three words (mirror, body, time) were assigned, representing important keys to access to the world of the poem. .

Al-sheikh Abdullah Al-Nimaa (1290-13691873 1950) Review of his Biography and his Scientific and Missionary efforts

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 801-826

This research aims at shedding light on the biography of one of Mosul religious men "Al sheikh Abdullah Al-Nima by showing his birth , uprising , hisage , his education and work effect , his teachers , students , missionary efforts as well as his legacy. He Contributed heavily toguide people towards noble Islamic values , morals and ethics . tle applied them on himself before others and faced some backwardness examples that spread in his age , new trends and myths . .

Job stress for youth forum managers and members in Nineveh Governorate

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 474-509

هدف البحث إلى1- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات شباب محافظة نينوى.2- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية في كل منتدى على حدا.3- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية على وفق نوع العمل. تم استخدام المنهج الوصفي، وتكونت عينة البحث من (74) فردا موزعين على أربعة مراكز في محافظة نينوى هي (الموصل-القوش-تلعفر –الحدباء).لتحقيق أهداف البحث تم بناء مقياس للضغوط المهنية والتحقق من صدقه وثباته، وفي معالجة البيانات إحصائيا تم استخدام النسبة المئوية ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون والاختبار التائي واستنتج الباحثون ما يأتي:1-إن مستويات الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات الشباب بشكل عام معتدلة. 2-مستويات الضغوط المهنية في منتديات شباب ( القوش ، تلعفر ، الموصل ) معتدلة وفي منتدى شباب الحدباء منخفضة.3-ارتفاع مستوى الضغوط المهنية في منتدى شباب تلعفر بسبب الهيكل التنظيمي. 4-لا تتأثر الضغوط المهنية في منتديات الشباب بنوع العمل، فالمديرون والعاملون بالمجالات الأخرى لديهم ضغطا مهنيا معتدلا بشكل عام.5-ارتفاع الضغوط المهنية لدى المدراء بسبب عدم وجود بالتطور الوظيفي.6-يعاني العاملون في المجال الرياضي ضغوطا مهنية مرتفعة بسبب زيادة المسؤولية.The research aims at:1. Recognizing job stress level for youth forum members in Ninavah.2. Recognizing job stress level in each forum, separakly3. Recognizing job stress level according to job genre.The descriptive approach was used, the sample included (74) individuals who belong to (4) youth forum in (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar, and Al-Hdbaa). Collecting the data was done adopting job stress Scale constructed by the researchers, The validity and reliability of this scale was verified.The data have been statistically handled using percentage, mean, Pearson correlation coefficient, and (T test)The research concludes with the following:1. Job stress level for youth forum members are generally moderate.2. Job stress levels in youth forum (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar) are moderate, and in forum (Al-Hdbaa) are low.3. Job stress levels increased in (Talafar) youth forum because of its organization structure.4. Job stress are not affected by job genre.5. Job stress is increased for managers because of no attent with functional development.6. Workers in sport fields are suffering from job stress because of over responsibility

Simulation of using Optical grating in Dispersion compensation for Optical Fiber SMF

Duried Hazim Ahmad; Saba Maulood Sulayman

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 321-340

In this work, a Fiber Bragg Gratings ,"FBG" had been implemented using a package of Optisystem7 as a compensation component for the spreading of optical pulse width equal to12.5ps transmitted by single mode optical fiber having 10km length and dispersion 16ps/nm.km. Moreover, the ideal performance had been investigated by using the mean value of bit error rate and quality factor for fiber communication system having fiber length 100km and bit rate 10Gbps NRZ . Also, ideal fiber grating have been taken under consideration . The results of this study confirm the ability of FBG to act as a dispersion compensation while the ideal performance occurring at QF= 9.51 & BER = 8.7 10-22at compensation of -1600ps/nm for fiber length of 100km.

Determination and Testing the Domination Numbers of Tadpole Graph, Book Graph and Stacked Book Graph Using MATLAB

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 491-504

يقال لأية مجموعة جزئية S من مجموعة الرؤوس Vفي بيان G بأنها مجموعة مهيمنة Dominating set إذا كان لكل رأس v في المجموعة V-S يوجد رأس uفيS بحيث uv ضمن حافات البيان،. ويعرف العدد المهيمنDomination number بأنه أصغر مجموعة أساسية مهيمنةDomination .في هذا البحث سوف ندرس العدد المهيمن Domination number لبيان تادبول (Tadpole graph) ، بيان بوك (Book graph) وبيان ستاكيت بوك (Stacked Book graph). كذلك تأكدنا من النتائج النظرية التي توصلنا إليها بواسطة الحاسبة باستعمال الماتلاب (matlab) لحساب العدد المهيمن والمجموعة المهيمنة S ورسمنا البيانات التي توضح الرؤوس المهيمنة، حيث توصلنا إلى النتائج التالية: . there exists a vertex such that . The minimum cardinality of vertices among dominating set of G is called the domination number of G denoted by .We investigate the domination number of Tadpole graph, Book graph and Stacked Book graph. Also we test our theoretical results in computer by introducing a matlab procedure to find the domination number , dominating set S and draw this graph that illustrates the vertices of domination this graphs. It is proved that: .

Investigating the Effect of Denies Model in Developing Mathematical Skills for Fifth Primary Grade Pupils

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 97-142

Abstract: The research model was selected intentionally from research community, and consists of (46) pupils in the fifth class grade from school of Abby alfaqar for girls and distributed randomly on the two groups as much as (25) pupils for the experimental group which studied the subject according to Denies samples the and (21) pupils for the control group which studied subject itself on the according to the normal method,
Next, the researcher started by applying the experiment from one of researcher on Sunday (23/1/2014) and ended on Thursday (17/4/2014 )and applying Mathematics skill pre-test, the data were analyzed statistically by using(T) tests for two independent samples and the results were as follows.There is difference with statistical significance between the two pre and post- tests of the experimental group of Mathematical skills tests in favor of post- tests.There is no significance difference between the two pre and post- tests of the construct group of Mathematical skills test. There is a difference with statistical significance between the average degrees of mathematical development skills for two groups, the experimental and control and in favor of the experimental groups.
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Measurement of Dose Distribution for Co – 60Teletherapy Unit

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2009, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 434-446

النسبة المئوية لجرعة العمق والجرعة خارج المحور المركزي يستخدمان عادة للحصول على العلاج الملائم . ولمحاولة الحصول على منحنيات تساوي الجرع في منطقة التراكم الالكتروني ، تم قياس توزيع الجرع لاشعة الكوبلت -60 العلاجية في مستوى عمودي على محور الجرع المركزي وفي منطقة التراكم الالكتروني والمناطق القريبة من السطح ، باستخدام كواشف التألق الحراري نوع فلوريد الليثيوم وشبح مصنوع من مادة البيرسبكس المكافى للنسيج الحي ، وللمجالين (10x10 cm²) و (15x15 cm²) ولثلاثة اعماق (0.0 gm /cm² , 0.36 gm /cm² and 0.55 gm /cm²) . تم استخدام القيم المقاسة للوصولعلاقة تجريبية باستخدام برنامج (MATLAB) ، واستخدمت العلاقة لاعطاء توقعات لتوزيع الجرع على أعماق مختلفة أخرى.Both percentage depth dose and off axis dose are usually needed in order to arrive at a suitable treatment plan. In an attempt to get an isodose curves in the build-up region , the dose distribution from Co-60 teletherapy machine in a planes perpendicular to the beam axis have been measured near the surface and in the build - up region , using LiF – Teflon thermoluminescent dosimeters in a Perspex phantom for (10x10 cm²) and (15x15 cm²) field size , and for three depths (0.0 g/cm² , 0.36 g/cm² and 0.55 g/cm²).The measured data is computer fitted to an empirical formula using MATLAB program , and the dose distribution for different other depths have been predicted.

Certain Fitness Elements and its Relation to the Professional Performance of the Libro Volley Ball

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2007, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 187-204

هدف البحث في التعرف الى مستوى بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية والمستوى المهاري للاعب الحر كذلك التعرف الى العلاقة بين بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية والاداء المهاري للاعب الحر في الكرة الطائرة ، وتكونت عينة من ستة لاعبين يمثلون اللاعب الحر في فرق جامعات (السليمانية ، تكريت ، ديالى ، دهوك ، الموصل ، اربيل) والمشاركين في بطولة الجامعات العراقية للمنطقة الشمالية ، وقد استخدم الباحث عدداً من الاختبارات البدنية والمهارية للحصول على نتائج البحث والتي عولجت احصائياً باستخدام الوسط الحسابي والانحراف المعياري ومعامل الارتباط البسيط للتوصل الى النتائج التي كان اهمها وجود علاقة ارتباط معنوية بين بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية (السرعة ، القوة الانفجارية، المرونة ، الرشاقة) والاداء المهاري للاعب الحر في الكرة الطائرة .The aim of the research is to know the level of certain fitness elements and the professional level of the libro and to know also the relation between these elements and the professional performance of a libro . the sample 6 libro players at the teams of (Sulaymanlya, tikreet, Diyala, Duhok, Mosul, Erbil) universities playing in Northen Universities league. The researcher used a number of physical and professional tests to obtain the results dealt calculatedly a using Mathematical standard, standard deviation and simple conjunction factor to find a moral link between the elements of fitness like (speed , burst strength, flexibility and elegance) and the professional performance of a libro player in volley ball.

Psychological and Social Coordination of Special Needs Pupils and Their normal Peers (Comparative Study)

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2007, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 1-17

استهدفت الدراسة التعرف الى الفروق في درجة التوافق النفسي والاجتماعي لدى التلاميذ ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة مع أقرانهم من الاعتياديين، كما استهدفت التعرف الى الفروق في درجة التوافق النفسي والاجتماعي بين التلاميذ ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة على وفق متغير الجنس مع أقرانهم الاعتياديين، كما استهدفت التعرف الى الفروق في درجة التوافق النفسي والاجتماعي بين التلاميذ من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة على وفق متغير الجنس وبين التلاميذ الاعتياديين على وفق متغير الجنس، حيث بلغت عينة البحث (120) تلميذ وتلميذة (60) منهم من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة (60) من الاعتياديين، وقد أعدت الباحثة استبيانا مكوناً من (68) فقرة مقسمين بواقع (34) فقرة في المجال المدرسي و(34) فقرة للمجال الأسري والاجتماعي، وقد تم استخراج الصدق الظاهري والثبات، كما استخدمت الباحثة معامل ارتباط بيرسون واختبار T-Test وتحليل التباين الأحادي واختبار شفيه وسائل إحصائية في الدراسة، وقد أظهرت النتائج أن التلاميذ الاعتياديين كانوا أكثر توافقا من التلاميذ ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة كذلك لم تكن هناك فروقا دالة إحصائيا بينهم في متغير الجنس.The current research aims at identifying the variance of social and psychological coordination between special needs pupils with their peers, the research also aims to know the variance of psychological and social coordination according to sex variable and the degree of psychological and social coordination according to the sex variable among the normal students. The sample contained (120) pupils (60) of which were special needs and (60) normal ones. The research made a questionnaire of (68) items divided to be (34) items in school affairs and (34) items in social and family aspects. The external validity and stability were extracted. The researcher used Pearson Coefficient of Conjunction, T-Test, unilateral variance analysis and Shifee test as statistical means. The results showed that normal students were more coordinated than the special needs as well as statistically significant differences

the Inhibitory effect of some medicinal plants Extracts in Fungus Aspergillus niger

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 521-536

أظهرت دراسة التأثير المثبط للمستخلصات المائية والكحولية لأربعة نباتات طبية هي النعناع بنوعيه (Horsemint, Spearmint) والسعد (Nutgrass) والحبة السوداء (Black Cumin) على بعض الفطريات الممرضة المعزولة من حالات مرضية مختلفة على الانسان ، من بين 14 عينة مرضية أخذت للدراسة ، كانت 4 عينات منها موجبة الفحص وعزل منها فطر Aspergillus. niger بنسبة 16.67 % . من دراسة تأثير المستخلصات المائية على فطر A. niger ان المستخلص المائي للنعناع (Horsemint) وبتركيز 30 ملغم/مل كان أكفأ المستخلصات ، حيث ثبط الفطر كلياً 100 % ، وتبين من دراسة المستخلصات الكحولية على فطر A. niger ان المستخلصات الكحولية لكل من الحبة السوداء وبتركيز 15 ملغم/مل والنعناع (Spearmint) وبتركيز 20 ملغم/مل كانت أكفأ المستخلصات في تثبيط نمو الفطر كلياً 100% . وينتج من اختبار التأثير المثبط للمضاد الفطري الكيمياوي ketoconazole على الفطر A. niger انه فقد ثبط نمو الفطر بتركيز 3.5 ملغم/مل الفطر كلياً 100% والتركيز 3.0 ملغم/مل حيث ثبط نمو الفطر بنسبة 95.0% , ثم التركيز 2.5 ملغم/مل حيث ثبط نمو الفطر بنسبة 93.0% . Study of inhibitory effect of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of four medicinal plants, spearmint, horsemint, nutgrass and black seed black cumin, against some human pathogenic fungi isolated from different clinical cases, showed that 4 cases from 14 cases were positive and Aspergillus. niger was 16.67% .The study at inhibitory effect of aqueous extracts against the isolated fungi, showed that aqueous extract of Horsemint 30 mg / ml. was the best one, which inhibited the growth of A. niger completely 100 % .Alcoholic extracts of black seed 15 mg / ml. Spearmint 20 mg / ml. were more effective against A. niger, and inhibited its growth completely 100 %.Testing of inhibitory effect of some chemical antifungal agents against the isolated fungi showed that ketoconazole at concentrations 3.5, 3.0, 2.5 mg / ml. inhibited the growth of A. niger 100, 95.0, 93.0 % respectively.

Undesirable Behavioral Patterns of Kindergarten Children

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2007, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 187-204

تعتبر مرحلة الطفولة من الفترات المميزة في حياة الإنسان وقد أكد العلماء على أهمية إعطائها عناية خاصة وتقديم النصائح والإرشادات والأمثلة والنماذج الجيدة لكي ينشأ هذا الطفل النشأة الجيدة .هدفت الدراسة إلى التعرف على الظواهر السلوكية الغير المرغوبة لدى أطفال الرياض وأكثر وسائل العلاج استخداماً من وجهة نظر معلمات الرياض . ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة تم إعداد استبيانين . بلغت عينة التطبيق النهائية (70) معلمة من معلمات الرياض تم استخدام معامل الارتباط بيرسون والوسط المرجح والوزن المئوي في معالجة بيانات البحث .أوضحت النتائج ان أكثر الظواهر السلوكية غير المرغوبة عند الأطفال هي الحركة الزائدة ثم الاتكال على المعلمة ثم الغيرة ثم العناد وظواهر أخرى . وقد كانت أكثر وسائل المعالجة استخداماً من قبل المعلمات وسيلة الاهتمام بالطفل وتوجيه النصح والإرشاد له وبعدها كانت وسيلة سرد القصص المناسبة . وقد تقدمت الباحثة ببعض التوصيات والمقترحات . Childhood is considered a distinguished period in the individual life , the scientists ascertained the importance of providing advices , instructions , examples and good examples to raise the child in a good manner .The study aimed at studying the undesired behavior of kindergarten children and most common therapy methodologies from the opinion of the teachers .To achieve the aims of the study , a questionnaire was made and the final sample consisted of(70) kindergarten teachers.Coefficient Pearson , potential mean and weight were used to handle the data of the research .The results showed that the most undesired behaviors were over movement dependence on the teacher , jealousy and stubborn . The most common therapy methods used were giving attention to the child , instructing him and telling the appropriate stories . The researcher made some recommendations and suggestions.

The Ottoman-Egyptian conflict upon sham region and the attitude of the major powers towards it 1830-1841

Huda Ali Bilal

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 341-361

This study sheds the light upon an important period of the history of Egypt and Bilad as-Sham in the Ottoman era. It examines the Egyptian existence in Bilad as-Sham from 1830-1841 A.C. with regard to the reasons of this existence, its trends and its impacts on the policy of Ottoman State and Mohammed Ali Basha, the ruler of Egypt, and accordingly, its impact on the international policy.
Ottoman State faced many internal and external crises, hence, it called for support from Mohammed Ali Basha who gained victory in all his tasks and obligations.
These victories affected Mohammed Ali's greed, obsessions and willing in extending the region under his rule. But, his efforts failed, and the relations became worse between the two countries, then, fierce battles began. Ottoman State became powerless and exhausted after those battles. Hence, the European states hastened to support it in order to achieve their desire in taking possession of Ottoman State. Britain, one of the European states, found that Mohammed Ali and his regional power prevent it from imposing its economical and political domination in the region. On account of that, the efforts were unified and all possessions that Mohammed Ali Basha seized were returned to the Ottoman State in exchange for giving him Egypt as succession rule.

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