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Magazine of researches of college of basic education is an academic referred magazine .
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Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  mosulbasicedu_993@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Assistant Professor Dr. Mohammed Saleh Rasheed

ISSN: 1992-7452

The Effect of Collective Games in Developing the Social Behavior for the Kindergartens Children

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 1-24

Abstract: The current research have aimed to identify "the effect of collective games in developing the social behavior of the kindergarten children". The researchers have used the experimental design with two equivalent groups, experimental and control, by pre and posttests. The research sample consisted of (50) children as 25 ones for each group, applying the collective games on the experimental group, then the researcher has conducted equivalence process between the two groups about several variables as age calculated with months, gender, and academic achievement of father and mother. Then the researcher has prepared the scale of social behavior which has been verified of its validity by introducing it to several experts, the reliability coefficient was identified by re test method amounted (0,82), as well as the researcher has prepared a program for collective games which has been verified of its validity by introducing it to several experts to decide the validity of each game for its specialized purpose and aim , then their opinions were re formulating some of these games in terms of linguistic items. The experiment continued 12 weeks by applying the tool on the two research groups to identify the effect of collective games in developing the social behavior for the kindergarten children, after data has been treated statistically by using t test for two independent samples and t test for two correlated samples, so the results have shown the following: " There is no statistical difference at significance level (0,05) in the mean of experimental group degrees in the pre and posttest to the scale of social behavior which has been prepared by the researchers. In the light of these results, the researchers have recommended researchers have the importance of preparing sessions for the teachers of kindergartens to enable them in giving assistance to select and put the programs of collective games, as well as the researcher has suggested conducting a study about the effect of collective games in reducing the aggressive behavior for the children of kindergarten .

Decision Making by Kindergarten Headmasters According to Headmasters and Teachers Point of view

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 25-56

The present research aims to know the ability of kindergarten headmasters to take decision according to the administration principles in Ninava Government center 2010 - 2011 .
The researcher prepared two questionnaires consisted of 24 items for each . The validity was established . The reliability of the two questionnaires was 0.82 for headmasters Q and 0.78 for teachers Q .
T-test , Pearson coefficient , and probability means to analyze the results .
The results revealed that the headmasters have the ability to take decision . Also the results showed that there were no statistical significant differences between the mean scores of headmasters and teachers in evaluating the kindergarten headmasters in performing the administration work .
suggestions and recommendations were made .
keywords : take decision , kindergarten , educational administration
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Emotion Deprivation and its Relationship with Self-Efficacy of Third Intermediate Class

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 57-96

Abstract:The current study has aimed into identifying the level of emotional deprivation for the intermediate stage pupils in the city center of Thi Qar governorate, in addition to identifying the differences in the level of emotional deprivation for the intermediate stage pupils in the city center of Thi Qar governorate according to the variable of gender (male-female), identifying the level of self-efficacy for the intermediary stage pupils in the city center of Thi Qar governorate, and the differences in the level of self-efficacy for the intermediary stage in the city center of Thi Qar governorate according to the variable of gender (male-female), as well as this study has aimed into identifying the relationship between emotional deprivation and self-efficacy for the intermediary stage pupils , and identifying the differences in the level of relationship between emotional deprivation and self-efficacy for the intermediate stage pupils according to the variable of gender (male-female).The main research sample has consisted of (600) pupils have been chosen according to equal random method from (30) schools of Thi Qar governorate schools in the amount of (20) pupils from each school.In order to achieve the research aims, so the researcher has depended the scale of emotional deprivation prepared by (Al-J`affery, 2002), the researcher has verified the external validity of the instrument through introducing it for some experts including professors specialized in educational and psychological sciences, as well as he has verified of it reliability by two methods, the first one: is the re test method when the value of Pearson correlation coefficient (0,81), the other one by using alpha Cronbach equation amounting the value of reliability coefficient (0,85). The researcher has depended the scale of self-efficacy prepared by (Al-Khaldy, 2007), verifying its external validity through introducing it for some experts including professors specialized in educational and psychological sciences, , as well as he has verified of it reliability by two methods, the first one: it is the re test method when the value of Pearson correlation coefficient (0,82), the other one by using alpha Cronbach equation amounting the value of reliability coefficient (0,88). Data has been treated statistically by using alpha Cronbach equation, Pearson correlation coefficient, t test for one sample and two independent samples, t test for correlation coefficient, and z test.Then the researcher has reached several results:The pupils of intermediary stage has suffered emotional deprivation. There are statistical differences in the level of emotional deprivation for the pupils of intermediary stage according to gender (male-female) in favor of female.3. The pupils of intermediary stage have good level of self-efficacy.4. . There are statistical differences in the level of self efficacy according to gendre variable in favor of male. 5. There is positive and statistical correlation relationship between emotional deprivation and self efficacy for the pupils of intermediary stage. 6. There is statistical difference in the level of emotional deprivation and self efficacy for the pupils of intermediary stage according to gender (male-female) in favor of male. .

Investigating the Effect of Denies Model in Developing Mathematical Skills for Fifth Primary Grade Pupils

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 97-142

Abstract: The research model was selected intentionally from research community, and consists of (46) pupils in the fifth class grade from school of Abby alfaqar for girls and distributed randomly on the two groups as much as (25) pupils for the experimental group which studied the subject according to Denies samples the and (21) pupils for the control group which studied subject itself on the according to the normal method,
Next, the researcher started by applying the experiment from one of researcher on Sunday (23/1/2014) and ended on Thursday (17/4/2014 )and applying Mathematics skill pre-test, the data were analyzed statistically by using(T) tests for two independent samples and the results were as follows.There is difference with statistical significance between the two pre and post- tests of the experimental group of Mathematical skills tests in favor of post- tests.There is no significance difference between the two pre and post- tests of the construct group of Mathematical skills test. There is a difference with statistical significance between the average degrees of mathematical development skills for two groups, the experimental and control and in favor of the experimental groups.
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Quality of Life of Educational

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 143-180

The research aims at investigating the level of Quality of Life of Counselors, and the differences according to variables of sex(male female) and years of service in Nineveh Governorate, The sample consisted of (150) Counselors,(77)male, and(73) female, for the purpose of investigating the objective of the research aims, the researchers prepared a questionnaire consisting of (56) items. The researchers have used number of statistical tools for to analyze data such as: Pearson, t-test for One sample, and t-test for two sample, and ANOVA One way, grindings show that, Counselors have high level of Quality of Life, and a female Counselors have higher score than male Counselors in level of Quality of Life, also there is no significant statistical difference between Counselors in Nineveh Governorate concerning period of occupation in regards to level of Quality of Life. In the light of the result, the researchers presented a set of recommendations and suggestions. .

The Activity of Counseling Selection Program in Reducing Feeling Guilty for College of Basic Education Students

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 307-330

The aim of the current research is for knowing the activity of selecting counseling program in reducing feeling guilty for College of Basic Education students, the sample consisted of (36) students of special education department third stage with high feeling of guilt. The experimental design was chosen with two groups (experimental group) in random shape and distracted in two groups. Depending on critical of (Badhia, 2002) for feeling guilty it consisted of (64) paragraphs. Extract reliability through exposure to specialist community the steadily are accounted by re-test (0,79) the exposition the experimental counseling program and leaving the control group for statistical comparison take two months the number of seening (13) seenisation the period between (45) minute. By using the (test-t) through statistical case. The empirical appear difference with abstract for empirical group (0,05) this means the positive effect a knowledgment and suggestion. .

The Impact of Generative Learning Strategy in Second Grade Students in Islamic Education

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 331-368

Abstract:Research identifles the impact of obstetric education strategy in the achievement of second grade students in Islamic education and research goal the following hypotheses were formulated ;(no significant moral difference when level (0.05)between the average grades of students in accomplishing and the average score for students in the control group check for Islamic education). The sample search (80) astudent selected by ksdia researcher from the research community has been divided into two groups;The first experimental;(40)a student studied and searched as obstetric strategy; second officer (40) a student studied and searched on the way.I was awarded my group searching for a number of variables that may affect the safety of experimental design to look like the chronological age level of intelligence; degrees achievement in Islamic education second grade average in the first semester of the year (2013-2014) the overall average grade students Degrees in the first semester for all subjects of (2013-2014) and the educational level of the parents ;and the experimental design chosen two powerful brokers; test post search goal May request an instrument representing the achievement test in Islamic education (researcher)final test of (36) paragraph of multiple choice type ;handout and persistence were extracted using kiodr equation Richardson(20) . after collecting and analyzing data using statistical test two t-independent researcher concluded; A statistically significant difference between the standardized experimental group examined obstetric learning strategy and the average control group collection examined according to the traditional method of collection testing for experimental group..

Assessment of Islamic Education Teachers' Mastery of Tajweed Rules They (Theoretical and Performance) Prescribed for Secondary Schools

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 369-390

The study aimed at evaluating Islamic Education teachers' mastery of tajweed rules they teach in the preparatory schools .
The sample consists of 60 male and female teachers of Islamic education , 30 males and 30 females teachers chosen randomly from the population .
The researcher prepared two instruments for this study . The first one was a written test of 25 multiple choice items . The second was a performance test. The validity and reliability of the two tests have been fulfilled , in addition to some information about giving marks .
After analyzing data by using the suitable statistical means , the findings were :
Performance level of Islamic education teachers in each theoretical and performance knowledge was less than 80% .
There was a significant statistical difference at 0.05 level of significance , between male and female teacher in the performance test for the benefit of teachers .
In the light of those two findings , the researcher sets mail number of recommendations and suggestion .

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Contemporary Private schools in Mosul (Al-Awael Primary Private Mixed school 2005-2008 a Model) Documentary study

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 415-432

After a long personalities of private schools in the city of Mosul, lasted nearly thirty years, some of Mosul's well-known establishment able to open a private school in the city in the name of " Al Awael Primary mixed school " since its when it opened its doors to students in the 2005-2006 school year (but now A mixed elementary and secondary school for boys and girls has been opened inIn one building in the AL-Arab district adjacent to the monastery of St.). Later, it opened a class for the first intermediate in independent building adjacent to the primary school in 2009, and the primary school taught the curriculum of the Ministry of Education similar to the official schools, but it obtained the approval of the Directorate of Education province intended to add the English language and the computer used by the students after a full explanation of the methods used by the teachers responsible for the computer, where some books were programmed on the computer and became electronic books easy to use by students, such as reading, mathematics and science.The study dealt with the historical beginning of the emergence of private schools in the city of Mosul, how to crystallize the idea of establishing AL- Awail Primary School in Mosul, obtaining the official from the Ministry of Education to open it. The study also examined the attempt to expand the project to establish a model school group within the University of Mosul. The success in this schools for the years 2005-2008. .

The Rhythm of Narrative Character in The Rhythm of Narrative Character in Al-Hathalyeen Poetry

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 499-518

The poetry of Al-Hathalyeen is characterized by narrative tendency especially picturing (the character) which expresses the soul of group that spread in the tribe and the nature of Bedouin need which lead to the introduction of narrative characters that require a specific rhythm.
The research is based on an and four parts. The introduction contained the determination of the concept of rhythm and its relationship to the narrative character , the first part is concerned with the study of (the rhythm of character in the event) while the second is concerned with study of (the rhythm of character in the place) . The third detective death the study of (the rhythm of character in time ) and the forth on contained the study of (the rhythm of character in the time – place ).
The research dependes on an analytical study for the types of narrative character to explain the artistic and collective values that results from it .
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The Semantic Origin of Irregularities in Maqayis Al- Luga Lexicon " Language Standard"

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 519-540

Designating some utterances in "Mu'jam Maqyis Al- Luga" as being irregular arouses the attention of the lexicon scholar and the common reader alike. Actually, this book has a unique phenomenon which hardly exists in other lexicons. This is due to the fact that Ibn Faris stood alone at handling a methodological establishment of root derivations .It is true that Ibn Faris compiled his lexicon on a verbal bases following the alphabetical order of roots as well as the circulation system which he adopted single- handedly. However, he did pay much attention to the semantic origin of roots which almost comprised all the roots listed in his lexicon .
The idea of this research approves Ibn Faris's concepts on the one hand and contradicts them on the other. The contradicts is based on referring utterances. Some of which are referred to their semantic origins after scanning some lexicons and books which deal with linguistic utterances. It is not possible to refer all utterances to their origins as it takes a long time detailed information.
The methodological approach is based on reviewing the utterances, which Ibn Faris considered irregular , in such books as (Mu'jam Al-Ain) –The eye lexicon, (Al-Ishtiqaq book)- The book of derivation, (Jamharat Al-Luga)- The assemble of language, (tahtheeb Al-Luga) –The emendation of language, (Al-Sahah)- The book of emendation and other linguistic books.
Using certain semantic connections, the research aims at finding semantic links which can relate the utterances under consideration to the general semantic origins.
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The Visual Image in Public Tales: The Tales of Khair Addin Ubayd a Model

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 541-560

This work aims at studying the total discourse in children story concerning its addressing and directions to the visual sense in specific.
This has been done through examining the technique and methods of building the visual image rather than other senses .It is an image which affects the child's cognition and its reception of the written text where the writer depends on conveying the message of his text where the child receives and gathers its parts, details and its building in his mind through using his active imagination powerfully and the aesthetic values which suit its age.These values were acquired through his senses.
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Refusal of Tribal Transformations in the Poetry of Early Period of Islam

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 561-578

The reader of the poetic verses that tackle the tribe in the pre- Islamic paganism finds that they describe the tribe as a coherent physical unit which has its own convention that may considered inviolable by the members. As soon as Islam appeared the coherence of the tribe has been be demanded when most tribes, that embraced Islam abandoned their customs that are not in harmony with Islamic principles. This has been rejected by some of the poets of that era.
This study tries to detect the aspects of this refusal by those poets. The study consists of an in introduction which deals with the concept of refusal its reasons and factors that brought it into view at that time The introduction is followed by a review of the as peats of the refusal and how the poets expressed their refusal the poems. The study ended with a conclusion which comprises the most important finding that have been reached and followed with a bibliography which contains the references that have been consulted in this study.
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Self – Retrieval of the Past In Imru Al- Qais Poetry

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 579-602

Abstract:The recitation of the past has gained a wide area in the Arab pre-Islamic poetry. It is clear that this retrieval has its effects on the poetic experience, as it is in itself a past tense, and since the originality of the ancient Arabic poetry is found in the poetry of the man who is clearly the last recollection expressed in life and the present moment is Death and decay So we find the poet in his adventure retrieval in poetry as a phenomenonAs a distinct phenomenon in his poetry and presented in a poetic form of creative able to convey his emotions and emotions and philosophy in life provided a vision of life and the universe manifested by the life of absurdity and dispersion and loss that was lived.  .

Conflict with Nature in the Poetry of AL-A’asha

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 603-616

This study aims to clarifying the dimensions of conflict with nature in the poetry of Al-A’asha. The struggle for survival is the main motive in achieving the goals of the poet and reaching what he aspires to. The study was divided into two sections:
The first section is the painting of the ruins and the destruction that the poet embodies it in the natural images of the aspirations of man, but the poet did not surrender to their forces either by the elements of nature or by the influence of wine.
The second part is: the journey as a conflicting face with the nature that the poet lived between reality and dream, and the subsequent feeling of fabrication in himself and his mind and embodied his effects in the painting of danger and resistance to ward off the hunter and his dogs
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The Existential Anxiety in Mullaqat Tarfa Ibn Al-Abd

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 617-632

Since man realized the inevitability of death . he tried to solve its mystery . As a result of helplessness in this issue , he turned to make use of the pleasure of life continuously , he also trie to make his surroundings obey his desires . This is what called the existential anxiety.
A close reading of Mua’laqat Tarfa shows that the poet is concerned with pleasure rather than duty . We study in this paper the signs of this anxiety . The study is divided into two section: the first shows the signs of following pleasure and the second shows the attempts of the poet to exploit others in order to achieve his illegal desire . the study is concluded with a conclusion that sums up the results which the present study arrived at.

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The Mythical Influence in Abi - Alala’s Elegies Sakt Azzand as a Case Study

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 633-646

This study aims at shedding light on the mythical Influence in Abi - Alala’s Elegies Sakt Azzand. The study consists of an introduction and two sections. The introduction tackles the close relationship between the poetry and myth. The first section is devoted to the influence of animal myths on this diwan. The second section shows the influence of star myths – whether embodied in earthly animal or pure star myths. We studied the way in which the poet employed myths in his poetry.
Through this study it became clear that poetry and myth are twins. Despite the fact that the human conscious was separated from the mythical thought, it was still influenced by it. Abu Alala made full use from these myths whether star myths or animal ones and whether native or universal but his employment of myths differs from one place to another. Sometimes, he enters a dialogue relationship with myths and mixes what is Arabic with what is universal. Other times, the merely narrates the mythical narrative.
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The Place in the Poetry of AL-Thaalbi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 647-664

ALThaalbi is known as being a poet in addition to being a writer. The place was distinctive in his odes and strophes, for this reason this research came to analyze the patterns of places by analyzing reading work on touching the beauties of the place and its artistic and objectivity value in the divan that grossed by (the doctor Mahmmod Abdullah AL-Jadiry arranged it from the rhyme of A-to Z.
The research is based on one entrance and two detectives. The entrance contained the determination of the concept of place and the summary of life and poetry of ALthaalbi.
The first detectives concerned with studying (the natural place ) whence the earth : the land ( the gardens-the mountains and the desert)
and water (the seas- the lakes- the fount and the bourn) and whence the sky (the sun – the moon- the stars and the clouds) while the second detective contained studying of synthetical place whence the non Arabic cities (Nisabour-bist-ghurna-khuarsim- Jurjani- Fathalray-kerman-Borjania- Sarkhas and Sjestan) and the Arabic cities (Egypt, Babil, and Baghdad).
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The Artistic Picture in the Haia of Alsherif AL-Radi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 665-680

The Haia of AL-sherif AL-Radi is considered one of the most important poetry written by this poet in picturing the sufferings of pain and weird after the absence of his father and his staying in prison according to the order of Athid AL-dula , so it characterized by the accurate artistic images so this research came to work on the analysis of these images according to the old Rhetorical standard and the new monetary because the contents of this leads to increase the value of this poetry to reveal the artistic value of images and explain its dimensions and denotations .
The research was based on an introduction and two parts . The introduction contained the determination of the concept of artistic image and summary of the life of AL-sherif AL-radi and his poetry . The first section was based on studying (the artistic image according to the rhetorical standard ) from the point of the symmetry and the metaphor image and the euphemism picture while the second section was devoter to the study of the artistic imaging according to the rhetorical standard from the point of contrasted couples : The partial image ,the complete image , the constant image ,the kinetic image, the simple image , the composites image
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A Reading in the Poem (The of Song Mirror) by Ali Jaafar Al-Aalaq (Key Words as a Model)

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 681-708

The study dis cusses the poem "The Mirror Song" to investigate the language of the poet (Ali Jaafar Al-Aalaq), which attracts the reader towards its carefully crafted artistic composition, which is aware of the characteristics of language and the poetic methods of critical awareness. literary work is questioned in order to reveal the implied semantic content behind it's ambiguous language, up to the absent text.
Reading using the (key words) method helps to trace the most stylistic features. Three words (mirror, body, time) were assigned, representing important keys to access to the world of the poem. .

Al-sheikh Abdullah Al-Nimaa (1290-13691873 1950) Review of his Biography and his Scientific and Missionary efforts

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 801-826

This research aims at shedding light on the biography of one of Mosul religious men "Al sheikh Abdullah Al-Nima by showing his birth , uprising , hisage , his education and work effect , his teachers , students , missionary efforts as well as his legacy. He Contributed heavily toguide people towards noble Islamic values , morals and ethics . tle applied them on himself before others and faced some backwardness examples that spread in his age , new trends and myths . .

Response of Variables of Pulmonary Ventilation After the Performance of Aerobic and Anaerobic Efforts

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 418-437

هدف البحث الحالي إلى محاولة التعرف على ما يأتي: - دلالة الفروق الإحصائية لاستجابة متغيرات التهوية الرئوية بدلالة حجم النفس ومعدل التنفس بعد أداء جهد هوائي.- دلالة الفروق الإحصائية لاستجابة متغيرات التهوية الرئوية بدلالة حجم النفس ومعدل التنفس بعد أداء جهد لاهوائي- دلالة الفروق الإحصائية بين جهدين هوائي ولا هوائي في استجابة متغيرات التهوية الرئوية بدلالة حجم النفس ومعدل التنفس بين جهدين هوائي ولا هوائي.ولغرض التحقق من فروض البحث استخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي لملاءمته وطبيعة البحث، وقد تم اختيار العينة بطريقة عمدية والتي شملت على (8) طلاب من طلبة كلية التربية الرياضية في جامعة الموصل من الممارسين للنشاط الرياضي متجانسين فيما بينهم من الذكوراستخدم الباحثان الاختبارات والقياسات كوسائل لجمع البيانات ، والتي شملت على ما يأتي: (الاختبارات البدنية باستخدام جهاز الشريط الدوار (اختبار الجهد الهوائي ،واختبار الجهد اللاهوائي) ، القياسات الجسمية (قياس الطول والوزن) ، القياسات الوظيفية (قياس متغيرات التهوية الرئوية))وقد تم اجراء التجربة في يومين منفصلين تضمن اليوم الأول اجراء اختبار الجهد اللاهوئي في حين شمل اليوم الثاني اجراء اختبار الجهد الهوائي .وقد استخدم الباحث الوسائل الاحصائية الآتية : (الوسط الحسابي ، الانحراف المعياري ، معامل الاختلاف ، اختبار (ت) لوسطين حسابيين مرتبطين ، اختبار (ت) لوسطين حسابيين غير مرتبطين). في ضوء عرض النتائج ومناقشتها تم استخلاص مجموعة من الاستنتاجات وهي كما يأتي :- ان الجهد الهوائي من شأنه أن يحدث زيادة ملحوظة في التهوية الرئوية ، وحجم النفس ومعدل التنفس .- ان الجهد اللاهوائي من شأنه أن يحدث زيادة ملحوظة في التهوية الرئوية ، وحجم النفس ومعدل التنفس .- ليس لطبيعة الجهد البدني المبذول (هوائي ، لا هوائي) تأثير ملحوظ في استجابة لمتغيرات التهوية الرئوية وحجم النفس ومعدل التنفس.The current research aims at:1. Discovering the statistic differences between the pulmonary ventilation (VE) responses according to respiratory tidal volume (VT) and respiratory rate (RR) after aerobic effort.2. Discovering the statistic differences between the (VE) responses according to (VT) and (RR) after anaerobic effort.3. Discovering the statistic differences between the aerobic and anaerobic efforts in the (VE) responses according to (VT) and (RR).To verify the hypotheses, the researchers have adopted the descriptive design due to its appropriateness. The sample has been chosen intentionally, Consisted of (8) homogeneous male students of physical education College - University of Mosul (to represent participants of athletic activity).The researchers have used the following measurement and tests to collect data: (Physical tests Using Treadmill (aerobic and anaerobic tests), Anthropometric Measurements (height and weight Measurements) and Physiological Measurements (measuring variables of pulmonary ventilation).The experiment has been done in two days, the first day where the anaerobic effort was done as for the second day, the aerobic effort was done. The researchers have used the following statistical equations: means, standard deviation, coefficient of variance, depended T. test and peered T. test.Knowing the above mentioned facts, the researchers have concluded the following:1. The aerobic effort would cause a significant increase in pulmonary ventilation (VE) , tidal volume (VT), and respiratory rate (RR).2. The anaerobic effort would cause a significant increase in pulmonary ventilation (VE) , tidal volume (VT), and respiratory rate (RR)3. The nature of physical effort exerted (aerobic and anaerobic) has no noticeable effect on responses to changes in pulmonary ventilation , tidal volume (VT), and respiratory rate (RR).

Job stress for youth forum managers and members in Nineveh Governorate

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 474-509

هدف البحث إلى1- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات شباب محافظة نينوى.2- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية في كل منتدى على حدا.3- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية على وفق نوع العمل. تم استخدام المنهج الوصفي، وتكونت عينة البحث من (74) فردا موزعين على أربعة مراكز في محافظة نينوى هي (الموصل-القوش-تلعفر –الحدباء).لتحقيق أهداف البحث تم بناء مقياس للضغوط المهنية والتحقق من صدقه وثباته، وفي معالجة البيانات إحصائيا تم استخدام النسبة المئوية ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون والاختبار التائي واستنتج الباحثون ما يأتي:1-إن مستويات الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات الشباب بشكل عام معتدلة. 2-مستويات الضغوط المهنية في منتديات شباب ( القوش ، تلعفر ، الموصل ) معتدلة وفي منتدى شباب الحدباء منخفضة.3-ارتفاع مستوى الضغوط المهنية في منتدى شباب تلعفر بسبب الهيكل التنظيمي. 4-لا تتأثر الضغوط المهنية في منتديات الشباب بنوع العمل، فالمديرون والعاملون بالمجالات الأخرى لديهم ضغطا مهنيا معتدلا بشكل عام.5-ارتفاع الضغوط المهنية لدى المدراء بسبب عدم وجود بالتطور الوظيفي.6-يعاني العاملون في المجال الرياضي ضغوطا مهنية مرتفعة بسبب زيادة المسؤولية.The research aims at:1. Recognizing job stress level for youth forum members in Ninavah.2. Recognizing job stress level in each forum, separakly3. Recognizing job stress level according to job genre.The descriptive approach was used, the sample included (74) individuals who belong to (4) youth forum in (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar, and Al-Hdbaa). Collecting the data was done adopting job stress Scale constructed by the researchers, The validity and reliability of this scale was verified.The data have been statistically handled using percentage, mean, Pearson correlation coefficient, and (T test)The research concludes with the following:1. Job stress level for youth forum members are generally moderate.2. Job stress levels in youth forum (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar) are moderate, and in forum (Al-Hdbaa) are low.3. Job stress levels increased in (Talafar) youth forum because of its organization structure.4. Job stress are not affected by job genre.5. Job stress is increased for managers because of no attent with functional development.6. Workers in sport fields are suffering from job stress because of over responsibility

Measurement of Dose Distribution for Co – 60Teletherapy Unit

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 434-446

النسبة المئوية لجرعة العمق والجرعة خارج المحور المركزي يستخدمان عادة للحصول على العلاج الملائم . ولمحاولة الحصول على منحنيات تساوي الجرع في منطقة التراكم الالكتروني ، تم قياس توزيع الجرع لاشعة الكوبلت -60 العلاجية في مستوى عمودي على محور الجرع المركزي وفي منطقة التراكم الالكتروني والمناطق القريبة من السطح ، باستخدام كواشف التألق الحراري نوع فلوريد الليثيوم وشبح مصنوع من مادة البيرسبكس المكافى للنسيج الحي ، وللمجالين (10x10 cm²) و (15x15 cm²) ولثلاثة اعماق (0.0 gm /cm² , 0.36 gm /cm² and 0.55 gm /cm²) . تم استخدام القيم المقاسة للوصولعلاقة تجريبية باستخدام برنامج (MATLAB) ، واستخدمت العلاقة لاعطاء توقعات لتوزيع الجرع على أعماق مختلفة أخرى.Both percentage depth dose and off axis dose are usually needed in order to arrive at a suitable treatment plan. In an attempt to get an isodose curves in the build-up region , the dose distribution from Co-60 teletherapy machine in a planes perpendicular to the beam axis have been measured near the surface and in the build - up region , using LiF – Teflon thermoluminescent dosimeters in a Perspex phantom for (10x10 cm²) and (15x15 cm²) field size , and for three depths (0.0 g/cm² , 0.36 g/cm² and 0.55 g/cm²).The measured data is computer fitted to an empirical formula using MATLAB program , and the dose distribution for different other depths have been predicted.

Analysis of Social Relations of Football Players in Mosul Athletic Club (Sociometric Study)

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 190-207

إن تحليل العلاقات الاجتماعية أمرا مهماً للمدرب حيث أن كل فرد يكون مبدعاً إذا وجد في الموقع الملائم لطبيعته ويشعر بأمان وقدرة اكبر إذا وجد مع أفراد يستجيبون له كما يهبط اداؤه ودرجة معنوياته إذا شعر بأنه عضو في جماعة لأتقبله أو تعرض عنه . فأحيانا لا نستطيع تفسير ظاهرة عدم قدرة فريق جيد يمتلك لاعبين ممتازين على تحقيق نتائج ايجابية بينما نرى العكس في فريق اقل مستوى لأداء اللاعبين يحقق مستويات ثابتة . لذلك يرى الباحثان إن إغفال دراسة الواقع الاجتماعي تعد مشكلة يجب على الباحثين والمهتمين بإعداد الفرق القيام بدراسات مستمرة لأجل بناء فريق متكامل.يهدف البحث إلى التعرف على طبيعة العلاقة الاجتماعية التي تربط لاعبي فريق نادي الموصل بكرة القدم في عدد من المحاور. وقد شملت عينة البحث لاعبي نادي الموصل الرياضي وعددهم (21) لاعبا للعام الرياضي 2003 .وأهم ما توصل اليه الباحثان من الاستنتاجات هي : 1. عدم وجود اللاعبين المنبوذين بين أفراد الفريق .2. قلة العلاقات المغلقة أي قلة التكتل في داخل الفريق.The analysis of social relations is of a paramount significance for the coach for the simple fact that everyone can be innovative when placed in a position suitable for his nature. Such a person would feet secure and much more capable of achievement when he encounters a perceptive audience that appreciates his work. On the contrary, if he flees that he is rejected and his melieu is irresponsive to what he does, his morale would decrease and his performance would dwindle.We cannot accasionally interpret the bad records of a team with first-class players while a team with second or third -class players achieve better with almost a constant performance. Accordingly, researchers postulate that negligence or ignorance of studying the social factor is a problematic issue which workers and researchers in the varions disciplines must pay attention to in order to constitute a perfect team.This paper drives at expounding the nature of social relations relating the football players to one another at varions axes.The research sample consists of the players of Mosul Athletic Club who are 21 in number for the Year 2003.Results :1. There are not any players that are disregarded within the team.2. No Cliqnes formation within the team.

Psychological Aspects of Modernism and its Relation Psychological Coordinance for University of Mosul Students.

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 178-225

يعد موضوع المظاهر النفسية للحداثة من الموضوعات البارزة التي تهم المجتمعات والتي تشهد تحولات جذرية شاملة في شتى المجالات التربوية والنفسية والاجتماعية الأمر الذي يفرض دراسته من خلال استقراء التفاعلات التي تحصل بين هذه المجالات في المجتمعات المختلفة وتتبع الآثار التي يمكن أن يؤدي إليها تحديث معين وانعكاساته في النواحي المختلفة، لذا فإنه عند تحليل المظاهر النفسية للحداثة لابد من دراسة جملة من المتغيرات الدينامية التي تؤثر في المجتمع وإطاره المؤسسي التعليمي والتربوي والنفسي والاجتماعي.فالمظاهر النفسية للحداثة موضوع مركب ينبغي تناوله على مستويات عدة: على مستوى المجتمع الذي يقبل بعض التحديثات ويرفض البعض الآخر لتعارضها مع القيم المجتمعية السائدة وعلى مستوى المؤسسات التربوية والتعليمية والثقافية، ثم مستوى الأفراد الذين يتعرضون للتغيير والتجديد الذين يخضعون غيرهم له، وهذه التغييرات المستجدة بمستوياتها تفرض على الإنسان أنواعاً من الصراعات النفسية بعضها مع القيم والمعتقدات وبعضها الآخر مع الذات والطموح والرغبات، وإخفاق الفرد في تكييف نفسه لتغيرات الحياة العصرية يؤدي إلى شعوره بالقلق وسوء توافقه النفسي، أما في حالة قدرة الفرد على التوافق ومسايرة متغيرات العصر واستيعابها والانتفاع من إيجابياتها فإن ذلك سيساهم في قدرته على الخلق والإبداع وتحقيق التطور ومتابعته.لقد هدف البحث الحالي إلى:1. قياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل.2. قياس التوافق النفسي لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل.3. معرفة العلاقة بين المظاهر النفسية للحداثة والتوافق النفسي لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل.وتألفت عينة البحث من (300) طالباً وطالبة من جامعة الموصل.شملت كليات علمية تمثلت في (كلية الزراعة والغابات – قسم الثروة الحيوانية وقسم وقاية النبات)، وكلية إنسانية شملت (كلية التربية الأساسية – قسم التربية الإسلامية وقسم التاريخ). واستخدم الباحث أداتين هما: مقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة لقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة، ومقياس التوافق النفسي لطلبة الجامعة لقياس التوافق النفسي. ولمعالجة البيانات إحصائياً استخدم الباحث الحقيبة الإحصائية SPSS. وأجرى التحليل الإحصائي لكل البيانات وتوصل إلى جملة من النتائج منها:1. تتمتع أفراد عينة البحث بالمظاهر النفسية للحداثة.2. تتمتع أفراد عينة البحث وتميزهم بالتوافق النفسي.3. لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين الطلبة من الذكور والإناث على مقياس المظاهر النفسية.4. وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين المرحلتين الأولى والرابعة وعلى مقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة، ولصالح المرحلة الرابعة.5. توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين طلبة الكليات العلمية والإنسانية على مقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة ولصالح طلبة الكليات العلمية.6. توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين الطلبة من الذكور والإناث على مقياس التوافق النفسي ولصالح الطلبة من الذكور.7. توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين طلبة المرحلتين الأولى والرابعة على مقياس التوافق النفسي ولصالح طلبة المرحلة الرابعة.8. لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين طلبة الاختصاص العلمي والإنساني على مقياس التوافق النفسي. وخلص الباحث إلى مجموعة من الاستنتاجات والتوصيات والمقترحات.The issue of modernity is one of the lend marks that interests societies especially the ones that witness changes in the educational, psychological and social areas. The necessitates the study of this phenomenon through inducing the interactions that place among these aspects. The study aims at defining the relationship between the psychological phenomena of modernity and the psychological adjustment for the Mosul University students. The sample of the study consists of 300 students' camels and females of the college sciences and the college of basic education of Mosul University. Two methods were used: the first one for measuring the psychological aspects of modernity; the second one for measuring the psychological adjustment. The statistical analysis of the data was carried out by the statistical bag SPSS. The results show a link between the psychological aspects of modernity and the psychological adjustment of the students of Mosul University. There was a significant difference for some variables as Sep, specialization whether humanitarian or scientific.

Tolerance of Cognitive Ambiguity of DistinguishedMales and Females Students inMosul City Center Nineveh Governorate

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 97-115

استهدفت الدراسة التعرف على مستوى تحمل الغموض المعرفي لدى الطلبة المتميزين والطالبات المتميزات ، فقد بلغت عينة البحث (240) طالباً وطالبه تم اختيارهم بالأسلوب العشوائي من مرحلتين دراستين(الصف الثالث والصف الرابع) وتم بناء أداة لهذا الغرض أعلاه تكونت بصيغتها النهائية من (20) عبارة ، وتم استخراج الصدق الظاهري للأداة من خلال عرضها على مجموعه من المختصين في التربية وعلم النفس ، واستخرج ثبات الأداة بإعادة الاختبار . أهم النتائج التي توصلت إليها الدراسة : - إن الطلبة المتميزين والطالبات المتميزات لديهم تحمل غموض معرفي .- الطالبات المتميزات لديهن تحمل غموض معرفي أكثر من الطلبة المتميزين .واقترح الباحث مجموعه من التوصيات والمقترحات منها :-الاهتمام بالجانب المعرفي للطلبة من خلال تهيئة مناخات نفسيه وعلميه مناسبة .-إجراء دراسة لأثر برنامج في التفكير على مستوى تحمل الغموض المعرفي للطلبة .The study aims at investigating the level of cognitive ambiguity of disting uished students . The sample of the study consisted of 240 male and female students randomly selected from two study levels (3rd year and sixth year) . An instrument was constructed for the same purpose consisted of 20 statements the reliability of the test was obtained by presenting it to a panel of experts in education and psychology . The distinguishing power of the instrument was also obtained by using the T-test of the control between the high and low group . It was shown that all the instrument statements were of a high distinguishing power . The validity of the test was obtained by repetition of the test . The most important results of the study are : 1- Distinguished pupils have a cognitive ambiguity . 2- Distinguished female pupils have more cognitive ambiguity than distinguished male pupils . The researcher provided same suggestions and recommendations : -Paying attention to the cognitive aspect of pupils by providing psychological and scientific environments to the pupils .-Conducting a further study on the influence of a programmer in cognition at the level of pupils tolerance of cognitions ambiguity .

Psychological Aspects of Modernism and its Relation Psychological Coordinance for University of Mosul Students.

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 178-225

يعد موضوع المظاهر النفسية للحداثة من الموضوعات البارزة التي تهم المجتمعات والتي تشهد تحولات جذرية شاملة في شتى المجالات التربوية والنفسية والاجتماعية الأمر الذي يفرض دراسته من خلال استقراء التفاعلات التي تحصل بين هذه المجالات في المجتمعات المختلفة وتتبع الآثار التي يمكن أن يؤدي إليها تحديث معين وانعكاساته في النواحي المختلفة، لذا فإنه عند تحليل المظاهر النفسية للحداثة لابد من دراسة جملة من المتغيرات الدينامية التي تؤثر في المجتمع وإطاره المؤسسي التعليمي والتربوي والنفسي والاجتماعي.فالمظاهر النفسية للحداثة موضوع مركب ينبغي تناوله على مستويات عدة: على مستوى المجتمع الذي يقبل بعض التحديثات ويرفض البعض الآخر لتعارضها مع القيم المجتمعية السائدة وعلى مستوى المؤسسات التربوية والتعليمية والثقافية، ثم مستوى الأفراد الذين يتعرضون للتغيير والتجديد الذين يخضعون غيرهم له، وهذه التغييرات المستجدة بمستوياتها تفرض على الإنسان أنواعاً من الصراعات النفسية بعضها مع القيم والمعتقدات وبعضها الآخر مع الذات والطموح والرغبات، وإخفاق الفرد في تكييف نفسه لتغيرات الحياة العصرية يؤدي إلى شعوره بالقلق وسوء توافقه النفسي، أما في حالة قدرة الفرد على التوافق ومسايرة متغيرات العصر واستيعابها والانتفاع من إيجابياتها فإن ذلك سيساهم في قدرته على الخلق والإبداع وتحقيق التطور ومتابعته.لقد هدف البحث الحالي إلى:1. قياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل.2. قياس التوافق النفسي لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل.3. معرفة العلاقة بين المظاهر النفسية للحداثة والتوافق النفسي لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل.وتألفت عينة البحث من (300) طالباً وطالبة من جامعة الموصل.شملت كليات علمية تمثلت في (كلية الزراعة والغابات – قسم الثروة الحيوانية وقسم وقاية النبات)، وكلية إنسانية شملت (كلية التربية الأساسية – قسم التربية الإسلامية وقسم التاريخ). واستخدم الباحث أداتين هما: مقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة لقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة، ومقياس التوافق النفسي لطلبة الجامعة لقياس التوافق النفسي. ولمعالجة البيانات إحصائياً استخدم الباحث الحقيبة الإحصائية SPSS. وأجرى التحليل الإحصائي لكل البيانات وتوصل إلى جملة من النتائج منها:1. تتمتع أفراد عينة البحث بالمظاهر النفسية للحداثة.2. تتمتع أفراد عينة البحث وتميزهم بالتوافق النفسي.3. لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين الطلبة من الذكور والإناث على مقياس المظاهر النفسية.4. وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين المرحلتين الأولى والرابعة وعلى مقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة، ولصالح المرحلة الرابعة.5. توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين طلبة الكليات العلمية والإنسانية على مقياس المظاهر النفسية للحداثة ولصالح طلبة الكليات العلمية.6. توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين الطلبة من الذكور والإناث على مقياس التوافق النفسي ولصالح الطلبة من الذكور.7. توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين طلبة المرحلتين الأولى والرابعة على مقياس التوافق النفسي ولصالح طلبة المرحلة الرابعة.8. لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين طلبة الاختصاص العلمي والإنساني على مقياس التوافق النفسي. وخلص الباحث إلى مجموعة من الاستنتاجات والتوصيات والمقترحات.The issue of modernity is one of the lend marks that interests societies especially the ones that witness changes in the educational, psychological and social areas. The necessitates the study of this phenomenon through inducing the interactions that place among these aspects. The study aims at defining the relationship between the psychological phenomena of modernity and the psychological adjustment for the Mosul University students. The sample of the study consists of 300 students' camels and females of the college sciences and the college of basic education of Mosul University. Two methods were used: the first one for measuring the psychological aspects of modernity; the second one for measuring the psychological adjustment. The statistical analysis of the data was carried out by the statistical bag SPSS. The results show a link between the psychological aspects of modernity and the psychological adjustment of the students of Mosul University. There was a significant difference for some variables as Sep, specialization whether humanitarian or scientific.

Originality and Creativity of the Arab Geographers

ed R Kasim Al-Juwar

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 455-466

The Islamic Arab civilization is considered one of the civilizations that has a contributed in the development of the geographic thought through its great heritage in this field. This civilization has preceded many civilizations like Mesopotamia, Nile Valley in addition to the Indian, Persian and Greek civilizations. There is no doubt that the Arabs, during their intellectual rise, had acquired a lot from those who had preceded them. Yet, the Arabs must have had their additions in the field of geography. The aim of the present research is to study and reveal the originality and creativity of the Arab geographers.
The importance of the present research is to document and ascertain the originality added by the Arab geographers to the science of geography. This is accomplished by comparing a number of geographic thoughts that had emerged in the ancient civilizations with the modern Arabic civilization and geographic sciences. The research problem is in collecting the geographic thoughts in the ancient and Arabic civilizations by resorting to their original resources.
The most important conclusion of the present research is that the Arabs’ influence was not confined to quoting the geographic concepts from the ancient civilizations, but they had many geographic additions that reflected their originality and creativity in the field of geography, especially when modern geographic studies have verified those concepts in accordance with our present knowledge.

The study of Some Kinematics Variables and its Relation to Hijump Performance by Using Fosbury Flop MethodFarydoon H. Authman

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 223-235

هدفا البحث :1. التعرف على قيم بعض المتغيرات البايوكينماتيكية في فعالية الوثب العالي بطريقة فوسبوري2. التعرف على العلاقة بين قيم بعض المتغيرات البايوكينماتيكية والانجاز في فعالية الوثب العالي بطريقة فوسبوري.وقد افترض الباحث وجود علاقة ارتباط دالة إحصائيا بين قيم بعض المتغيرات البايوكينماتيكية و الانجاز.أجريت الدراسة على عينة قوامها (4) الواثبين الأوائل في بطولة الأندية للشباب لألعاب القوى في فعالية الوثب العالي واستخدم التصوير الفديوى للواثبين أثناء أداء الوثب في السباق. واستخدم الباحثون الوسط الحسابي والانحراف المعياري والارتباط البسيط للوصول إلى النتائج. وأسفرت الدراسة عن الاستنتاجات الآتية :1. هناك علاقة ارتباط معنوية بين المسافة الأفقية و الانجاز.2. لم تكن علاقة الارتباط معنوية بين أنواع السرعة (السرعة الأفقية، السرعة العمودية، السرعة المتجهة، السرعة الحقيقية) مع الانجاز.3. عدم وجود علاقة ارتباط معنوية بين المتغيرات (زمن النهوض، ارتفاع النهوض، زاوية الارتكاز، زاوية النهوض، زاوية ركبة النهوض) والانجاز Aim of the study 1. To identify the value of some bio _ kinematics Variables in Hi – jump activity by fosbury flop.2. To identify the relation between Values of Some bio – kinematics Variables and Performance of Hi-jump using Fosbury Flop Hy Pothesis - There is a statistical correlation between Values of some bio _ kinematics Variables and Performance.Methodology The study was Conducted on a sample of (4) players of Varsity team of Iraqi Youth Clubs for track and field in the activity of Hi-jump.- The Tape-video was used during the performance.- The researcher analyzed the results by using Certain statistical methods (mean-standard deviation and simple Correlation)Conclusions and Recommendations 1- There was a significant correlation between horizontal a rea and Performance.2- There was no significant Correlation between Speed (horizontal , vertical , fact and directed Speed) with performance.3- There was no significant correlation between Variables (time, time stand up, length of stand up, angle of pivot, stand up angle, angle of knee stand up) and performance.

The Effect Of Climate On Tourism IndustryIn Iraq

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 440-458

استهدف هذا البحث الوقوف على اثر بعض العناصر المناخية في صناعة السياحة (الحرارة ،الضغط الجوي ، الكتل الهوائية ، الرياح ، التساقط) بوصفها متغيراً معتمداً وذلك بالتطبيق على عينة من المحطات العراقية والتي بلغ عددها (29) محطة عراقية وضعت لتحليل ولحساب دليل درجة الحرارة والرطوبة (THI) ودليل التبريد واستخدمت (أربعة عشر محطة) لاستخراج الجداول الإحصائية المناخية وذلك لتوفر القراءات لفترة طويلة في حين استخدمت جميع المحطات عند دراسة الخرائط . حصلنا على نتائج تلفت الانتباه بقيمتها العالية مقارنة مع القيم المعتمدة دولياً . هذه النتائج تفيد العاملين في قطاع صناعة السياحة .This study aims to know the effects of some climate elements on tourism industry(heat, atmosphere, pressure, air masses, winds, and raining) as they are independent variables and the effect tourism as the depended variable, and that was done by applying on a sample consists of 29 Iraqi sites used to analyses and calculate temperature and humidity(THI), and guide of cooling-Fourteen sites used to conclude the statistical climate tables, and that for the availability of readings for a long time, while all sites were used in studying maps. We concluded surprising results in regard of high values relative to the adopted values on the international level. These results have benefited the people involved in tourism industry sector.

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