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About Journal  College of basic education resesrch journal is a global, scientific and open access journal. Publishing under the license of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY), this journal is published biannually by the College of basic education, University of Mosul, 1993. We are using iThenticate to prevent plagiarism and to ensure the originality of our submitted manuscripts. A double-blind peer reviewing system is also used to assure the quality of publication. The journal publishes original articles, review papers and case reports in the field  science and humman....
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Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  mosulbasicedu_993@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr.fathil Khalil Ibrahim

ISSN: 1992-7452

SOME NEW ORGANOTELLURIUM COMPOUNDS DERIVED FROM 4,-4-DIHYDROXY AZOBENZENE

Thana Y. Al-Obedy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 892-898
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165715

Abstract
A new series of organotellurium compounds derived from 4,-4-dihydroxy azobenzen have been prepared by the reaction of 3-HgC1-4-OH-C6H3N=NC6H4-OH (A) with TeBr4 and P-CH3OC6H4TeBr3 to give (3-(P-CH3OC6H4TeBr2)-4-OHC6H3-N=N-C6H4-OH) (B̅) and (3-TeBr3-4-OHC6H3N=NCH4-OH) (B) respectively, reduction of B by sodium sulphide gave the corresponding organotellurenyl compound (C), (3-TeBr-4-OH-CH3N=N-C6H4-OH). Compound (D) (OH-C6H4-N=N-CH3-4-OH-3Te)2 has been prepared by reduction of compound B or C by hydrazine hydrate. Reduction of B̅ gave the corresponding telluride 3-(P-CH3OCH4Te)-4-OH-CH3N=N-C6H4-4-OH (E). All compounds have been characterized, by IR and 1H NMR spectral data and meting point was determined. The molar conductivities of the halogenated compounds (B, B̅,C) in DMSO and DMF show some weak electrolytic behavior.
Abstract
A new series of organotellurium compounds derived from 4,-4-dihydroxy azobenzen have been prepared by the reaction of 3-HgC1-4-OH-C6H3N=NC6H4-OH (A) with TeBr4 and P-CH3OC6H4TeBr3 to give (3-(P-CH3OC6H4TeBr2)-4-OHC6H3-N=N-C6H4-OH) (B̅) and (3-TeBr3-4-OHC6H3N=NCH4-OH) (B) respectively, reduction of B by sodium sulphide gave the corresponding organotellurenyl compound (C), (3-TeBr-4-OH-CH3N=N-C6H4-OH). Compound (D) (OH-C6H4-N=N-CH3-4-OH-3Te)2 has been prepared by reduction of compound B or C by hydrazine hydrate. Reduction of B̅ gave the corresponding telluride 3-(P-CH3OCH4Te)-4-OH-CH3N=N-C6H4-4-OH (E). All compounds have been characterized, by IR and 1H NMR spectral data and meting point was determined. The molar conductivities of the halogenated compounds (B, B̅,C) in DMSO and DMF show some weak electrolytic behavior.

الخطاب الإقناعی فی شعر الغزل عند ابن عبد ربه الأندلسی (ت328هـ)

ghaydaa ahmed alishlash; esraa jamal alhamdany

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 276-305
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165716

Abstract
The persuasive speech is regarded as a part of Al-Hhijjaj . Al-Hijjaj is associated with persuation as the association of the text with its function . we found in Ibn Abd Rabba poetry many persuasive styles especially in flirtation poetry . the poet used many rhetorical styles which he uses to convince the addressees in his flirtation .
In this paper the terms persuation and flirtation have been defined linguishcally and as terminology the paper also showed the terms relevant to flirtation such as ( Al-Tashbeeb and Al-Naseeb ). It also clarified the types of addressees in Ibn Abid Rabba like Al-Mahbooba ( the beloved ) , these who blamed him his love ( Al-Uthaal ) , and companions . each of them has special methods in persuasive speech according to the poet desire .
And we came out that the most interest of Ibn Abed Rabuh was to persuade the beloved and humiliating her to gain her affection with various persuasive methods, and he did not mention mentioning the idol, the lords, and the companions except in a few of them, making use of different persuasive methods from the use of the selected words for his purpose, the various rhetorical arts, expressive images, and poetic

Parallel Second Order Runge – Kutta new method of the Geometric Mean

mahmood Dhiya alani

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 944-953
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165717

Runge - Kutta methods are one of the best methods for numerically solving (ODEs), and the search for better methods is always up to date [1]. Our concern here is with present a new method for solving Initial Value Problems (IVPs) using a mixing between techniques and formulas and obtain a new formula suitable for parallel computers, (see [2]). As we know a first step toward developing a parallel algorithm for the numerical solution of Initial Value Problems (IVPs), how we might widen the front of computation .The predictor – corrector (PC) methods of numerical integration provide a means for doing this, (see [3,4]) ."Evans Introduce a new Runge - Kutta method using the Geometric mean (GM) formula [5]" (see [6]). Here we collected these ideas and using the Implicit Runge - Kutta methods (IRK) which can be derived directly from Explicit Runge - Kutta methods (ERK) , these implicit methods “ that were derived “ , it is "the (backward) form of the explicit (forward) form [7]", to present our new parallel method which we called (PPCGM2) formula.

The effect of learning cells strategy on the achievement of 5th Primary Class Pupils in Social Studies

Ali Abd alhade عبد الهادی Al zbaede

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 97-118
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165718

The current research aims to identify the effect of using the learning cells strategy on the achievement of fifth primary pupils in the subject matter, and for the purpose of achieving the goals of the research the following: hypothesis has been formulated
There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average score of the experimental group students who studied according to the strategy (learning cells) and the average score of the students of the control group who studied according to the usual . method in the post test
The researcher used the experimental design with two equal groups, an experimental group and another control group. The number of the study sample individuals reached (62) students, by (30) students for the experimental group who studied according to the learning cells strategy, and (32) students for the control group who studied according to the traditional method The researcher rewarded between the two research groups in the variables, the researcher prepared an achievement test consisting of (30) paragraphs, his honesty and consistency were verified, the researcher started applying the experiment on Sunday 13/10/2019 and ended on Monday 13/1/2020 and when processing the data statistically: The search result showed the following
- There is a statistically significant difference at the level (0.05) between the average pupils' grades in the two groups (experimental and control) in achieving social subjects and in favor of the experimental group.
In light of the results of the research and its completion

THE REFLECTION OF BULLYING IN SCHOOLS ON CHILDREN (A Social Field Study in the City of Mosul)

Reem Abdulwahhab

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 154-178
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165719

Bullying is defined as a form of violence, an offence or an intimating done by an individual or a group of people towards a person having a less strength through many physical, psychological or verbal violent methods. The phenomenon of bullying has spread widely in the schools due to many reasons leading to violence against children. Bullying has witnessed new invented methods to be used by the students in their violent behavior. The society and the families still ignore bullying. In fact, some families encourage their children to act like a bullying child or to antagonize others regarding that as a sign of success.
The value of this study lies in the exploration of the bullying's types acted in the schools which are ascribed to potential reasons causing many problems to the children in the school.
Owing to divorce, breaking and negligence in the families, the child falls in the mistake of acting violently that causes a very low level of education. The weakness of the administration in the school may lead the child to steal the others' homework or to feel jealous from the succeeded pupils.
Studies show that psychological factors affect directly or indirectly on the bullying in the schools. The absence of the parents' role, the teachers or the stability of family makes the child in need to fighting with the colleagues as a way to be relaxed.

تحضیر عدد من مرکبات الکاربونیل الفا- بیتا غیر المشبعة من مرکبات البایرازولین فی الوسط الحامضی وتشخیصها طیفیا

amra zuhair Almashhdany

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 899-918
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165720

Abstract
This research includes the preparation of series of chalcone compounds using the Claisen – Schmidt method between Cyclohexane and a group of different aromatic aldehydes (2-Chlorobenzaldehyde) and (3-Nitrobenzaldehyde), (4-Methoxybenzaldehyde), (Vanillin), (4- Chlorobenzaldehyde), and (N,N- 4-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde).
In the second step, the chalcones were converted to pyrazoline compounds by reacting with hydrazine hydrate and with the presence of glacial acetic acid, and pyrazoline compounds containing the acetyl group which were utilized by their interaction with different aromatic benzaldehydes to obtain new alpha-beta unsaturated compounds, prepared in the acidic medium. And the last step ,a number of disproportionate and effective aromatic compounds were prepared with the expected vital efficacy by the reaction of the chalcones from the last step with hydrogen peroxide to give triple-oxirane compound (34-31) and reaction with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of glacial acetic acid to prepare pyrazoline compounds (30-27) and reaction with urea to give hexagonal pyrimidine compounds (34-31).
The compounds prepared with the available physical and spectral methods were diagnosed, so the infrared spectrum, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, melting point measurement, and color changes were measured.

ملامح وتوجهات السیاسة الخارجیة العُمانیة فی سبعینیات القرن العشرین

Ali Hamza Abbas Hamza Al-Sofy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 690-717
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165721

The research aims to shed light on the features and directions of Omani foreign policy in the 1970s, especially after 1970, when Sultan Qaboos bin Saeed assumed the rule of the Sultanate, and with him the modern Omani renaissance started with various areas of Omani life, Omani foreign policy adopted features and trends, linked to the site The geostrategic, cultural and historical heritage, and the preservation of its Arab and Islamic identity. Everyone in the Sultanate was eager for change, renewal and modernization, which made modernity and contemporary stand together next to Iraq and origin, forming a future vision for the modern and modern Sultanate of Oman. .
The study examined the start of Omani diplomacy after 1970, and the mechanism of joint work between the Sultan, the people, and the government to end the state of isolation and closure of the Sultanate before 1970, then proceeding to build bridges of openness and communication with the outside world, by adopting a policy of moderation, good neighborhood, non-interference in internal affairs, and respect for laws and customs International, and support Gulf, Arab, Islamic, regional and international cooperation

البولیفونیة أو تعدد الأصوات فی الموشحات الأندلسیة

bashar nadeem albajajy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 306-332
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165722

Mikhail Bakhtin is the first critic to speak of this term that was transferred from music, this term was initially applied to the novel, the Polyphonian novel is that novel in which there are many characters in dialogue, and many points of view, and the scope of use of the term has expanded to be applied On the poetic text as a literary discourse contains a narrative character, and one of the conditions to be provided in the Polyphonian poem is to be extended over a suitable textual space, and therefore the multiplicity of voices and their interplay is reflected in the narrative poem based on linguistic deviations and deviation from its criteria where The real and customary personality expands within the Polyphonian poem, and this is what we found in the Andalusian manuscripts has varied artistic forms in it, and the research noted that andalusian manuscripts extend over a wide textual area and consist of reading, roles, lock and exit, and this gives them a dramatic dimension, and this dimension Drama is the basis for the formation of any diversity and multiplicity of voices, and the researchers saw that the literary text, which contains a dramatic dimension qualifies it to enumerate the voices and monitor the research in many Andalusian manuscripts diversity of consciences

التحولات الاقتصادیة فی لیبیا 1951-1969

nihaya mohammed SAHAH

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 639-664
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165723

الملخص
شهدت لیبیا منذ أوائل القرن الماضی تطورات سیاسیة واقتصادیة واجتماعیة، فقد کانت خاضعة لحکم الدولة العثمانیة حتى احتلالها من قبل إیطالیا عام 1911، ثم خضعت لیبیا لحکم الادارتین البریطانیة والفرنسیة منذ عام 1943، وبموجب قرار الامم المتحدة حصلت على استقلالها عام 1951، واعلن قیام المملکة اللیبیة المتحدة برئاسة محمد إدریس السنوسی، ومن ثم قیام مجموعة من الضباط بقیادة معمر القذافی بانقلابه عام 1969 وانهاء النظام الملکی فی لیبیا وإعلان النظام الجمهوری. وقد طرأت على الحیاة السیاسیة والاقتصادیة والاجتماعیة تغییرات کثیرة، وقد رکزت الدراسة على ابراز الجانب الاقتصادی والاجتماعی فی لیبیا خلال العهد الملکی.
الهدف من البحث هو استقراء الأوضاع الاقتصادیة فی لیبیا للمدة 1951-1969 التی جرى فیها تطورات على هذین المجالین والتی توضحت اغلبها بالأرقام لتعطی؛ توضیحات دقیقة عن کل ما یتعلق بالجانب الاقتصادی، ثم جاء التطور الابرز عند اکتشاف النفط عام 1958. ومن خلال بحثی ودراستی للموضوع یلاحظ القارئ أن هناک عدداً من الجوانب لم تشبع بحثا ودراسة؛ بسبب صعوبة الحصول على وثائق ومعلومات واحصائیات دقیقة تتعلق بتلک الجوانب، مما أدى إلى عدم تغطیتها تغطیة کافیة.

Administrative and technical obstacles in the five-way football championship between high schools in Mousel City from the viewpoint of the teachers of sports education

Dr-Basman Mahmood Ayoob Ayoob

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 795-812
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165724

The research aims to: -
To identify the degree and level of administrative and technical obstacles in the secondary school football championship in Mousel City from the point of view of the teachers of sports education. The curriculum was used in the survey method and the study sample (84) was included as a teacher from the teachers of sports education in the Department of Education of Ninawa and for obtaining the data a survey form was designed for administrative and technical constraints and applied after the availability of the scientific conditions in it of truthfulness and stability. The data were treated statistically through the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, the Seberman Brown equation, Gitman equation, and the Alpha Kronbach coefficient .
The researcher has drawn several conclusions:
- The administrative side has highlighted the limitations of the financial resources allocated to the championship, as well as the absence of features and advertisements for the championship in the venues of its matches, which indicate that there is a formal tournament.
The researchers recommended some recommendations, including:
1- the necessity that the General Directorate of Education of Ninawa allocate sufficient financial resources to hold the school sports competitions and to prepare all the requirements of its management, with the emphasis on activating the Directorate of Sports and School Activity through the means of advertising and advertising the championship.

ملامح التجدید البنائی فی شعر ابن حمدیس

saleh ways Muhammad

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 396-439
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165725

استوعبت البنیة الهیکلیة للقصیدة الأندلسیة إلى جانب النمط المحافظ القائم على تعدد الأغراض وتنوع الموضوعات أنماطاً بنائیة أُخرى مثلت ملمحاً تجدیدیاً، إذ تفاعلت البذور القدیمة للاتجاه التقلیدی مع تربة الحیاة الجدیدة، لتنتج غرساً یجسد طبیعة تلک البیئة وحیاة شعرائها، الذین وجدوا فی التزامهم بنمطیة البناء التعددی (البناء التقلیدی) قیداً یحول بینهم وبین إدراکهم لآنیة الموقف الذی یتطلبه نظم الشعر، بالإضافة إلى ما یفرضه هذا الالتزام من إسهاب یتحتم معه إطالة النفس الشعری، الذی تستوجبه تداعیات الإیفاء بالمضمون التعبیری لکل قطعة، وهو ما یؤدی بدوره إلى توافر أنماط من الوحدة، کالوحدة الفکریة (وحدة الموقف) والوحدة الشعوریة، وغیاب أنماط أخرى کالوحدة الموضوعیة على سبیل المثال لا حصر.
من هنا فقد غدت مرونة الشاعر فی تطویع الشکل البنائی لما یلائم سیاق القول ویعبر عنه مطلباً مهماً "لان کل تجربة تفرض قالباً معیناً وشکلاً محدداً، والأدیب الجید هو من یستطیع إفراغ ما یعتمل بداخله، وما یمور فی وجدانه من شحنات انفعالیة وتجارب إبداعیة – عاشها أو عایشها – فی هذا القالب دون سواه، وهذا الشکل عن غیره، استناداً على اختیار واعٍ ومقصدیة محکمة طولاً وقصراً، إطناباً وإیجازاً"( ).
ثم أن البحث عن أنماط بنائیة تحمل معها سمة الجدة، یأتی من إیمان الشاعر أن هذا الفن (الشعر) لا یتموضع ساکناً بل هو فن یتطلع ویتخطى ویتجاوز ما هو محدد له، فتتنوع التجارب لتتنوع معها طرائق المعالجة الفنیة.

تضافر المعنى بین النثری والشعری عند ابن خفاجة

Muthanna Abdallah Muhammad

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 351-374
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165726

لا یزال یثار السؤال هنا وهناک عن الحدود التی تقف ما بین الشعری والنثری، وما هو (شعری) عما هو (نثری) فی کثیر من النتاجات الإبداعیة ولاسیما التی مازجت بینهما، وبناءً على ذلک اتخذت من هذا السؤال مدخلاً لقراءة النصوص التی قدمها ابن خفاجة الأندلسی التی جمع من خلالها بین النثری والشعری فی نص واحد، فهو بذلک أراد أن یثبت للمتلقی أن التجربة الإبداعیة تتخطى بذاتها حدود الأنواع الأدبیة، فضلاً عن الإشارة التأکیدیة الى تداخل الشعری والنثری فی عمل إبداعی واحد فی مجال التلقی، ومع هذا کله أجد أن ابن خفاجة شکل نقطة تحول فی ثراء النص الإبداعی الأندلسی والعربی على حد سواء.
کما أن الامتزاج النثری والشعری فی النص الأدبی الواحد، إما أن یمثل تنامیاً وتضافراً للمعنى أو یؤدی الى تلاشیه ، ولهذا قسمنا بحثنا على :
المستوى الإبداعی.
المستوى الإیقاعی.
المستوى الترکیبی.
المستوى الوظیفی.
دأب النقاد والعلماء على تقسیم الأدب على قسمین رئیسین متقابلین هما: الشعر والنثر، ومیزوا الشعر بالتزامهِ بالألوان والقوافی، والنثر بعدم التزامه بهذا، وعلى الرغم من استقرار هذا التقسیم، ظل موضوع الثنائیات من الموضوعات التی شغلت بال کثیر من النقاد.

Organizational Equilibrium in the sections of educational and specialist supervision in Iraq

د عدی غانم غانم الکواز

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 776-794
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165727

الملخص
هدف البحث الى:
1-تصمیم استبیان التوازن التنظیمی من وجهة نظر المشرفین الاختصاص فی مدیریات الاشراف التربوی فی العراق.
2-التعرف على التوازن التنظیمی فی اقسام الاشراف التربوی والاختصاصی.
3-التعرف على ابعاد التوازن التنظیمی وعوامله من وجهة نظر المشرفین التربویین والمشرفین الاختصاص (اختصاص تربیة ریاضیة) على فی العراق.
استخدم الباحثین المنهج الوصفی التحلیلی وقد تم الاعتماد على الاستبیانات فی الحصول على البیانات اللازمة، وقد استخدم الباحثین طریقة الحصر الشامل للمشرفین التربویین والاختصاصیین التابعین لمدیریة الاشراف التربوی فی العراق والبالغ عددهم الکلی ( 514 ) مشرف، حیث وزع الاستبیان على المشرفین فی أغلب محافظات العراق وقد تضمن الاستبیان (44) فقرة، تم تحلیلها باستخدام برنامج (Spss) واستخدام الاسالیب الاحصائیة اختبار (ت) لعینتین مستقلتین فی استخراج القوة التمیزیة لعبارات المقاییس، ومعامل ارتباط بیرسون لقیاس الاتساق الداخلی للمقاییس، معامل الفا ، والتجزئة النصفیة فی استخراج الثبات، التکرار والنسبة المئویة فی استخراج مستویات الاجابة على المقاییس، المدى وطول الفئة، کانت اهم النتائج صلاحیة استبیان التوازن التنظیمی فی قیاس ابعاده فی مدیریة الاشراف التربوی وأوصت الدراسة باهتمام وزارة التربیة العراقیة بالحوافز المادیة والمعنویة لما لها تأثیر فی مهام وعمل المشرفین التربویین ومنحها فی وقتها المحدد لما لها تأثیر ایجابی فی نفوس المشرفین، والعمل على اجراء دراسات مشابهة عن دور التوازن التنظیمی.

Ibn Zaidoun Al-Mutanabbi's opposition read in Nonya

Eman sheel Salim سهیل Alrawi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 333-350
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165728

It is recognized that oppositions are partial simulations of a later text of a previous text, as they are an intentional act that underlies this intentionality for several reasons.
In this approach, we tried to present two readings of Nuniyat al-Mutanabbi and Nuniyya Ibn Zaydoon, as we find the features of the opposition clear between the two texts.
The research plan was based on a precursor in which we talked about the term opposition and its motives, revealing at the same time that the opposition is a conscious intertextuality. As for the procedural field, we have presented a reading of the similarities between the two texts, as follows
Time as we talked about the effect of time and its process on poets
  The ego presented a definition of the term ana and the extent and image of the presence of hope in the two texts
  The other We talked about the attitude of the two poets towards the other and its forms, and why the situation was shaped by each of them

The Effect of using ( Games Approach ) on learning some basic Skills of Volleyball

Adnan hadi mousa hadi hanona

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 755-775
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165729

In the way ( method ) of games , female players are prepared to play more in other games during training, and once they learn how to fit these skills and adapt them to various playing situations in other games and enjoy playing, their motivation and enthusiasm in learning and developing skills in the actual game will increase, which helps them to success in it. the research aims to reveal the differences between the pre and post-tests and the two experimental and control groups, as well as in the post-test between the two research groups in learning some basic skills with volatile volatility.
The researcher used the experimental method in the research, and the research community was chosen from the junior female players in Qaraqosh Sports Club of voleyball and the number of the players was 30 player. the research sample consisted of (24) female player, divided into two experimental and control groups, and by (12) femal players for each group. and the use of appropriate statistical means through which the researcher concluded that the games method had an effective role and a positive effect in learning some basic skill in the volley ball, as well as the superiority of the experimental group female players over the group's controlling female players in learing all the basic skills that they dealt with in their studies. as for the most important recommendations, it was a possibility using the games method in the process of education and training.

تحضیر بعض مرکبات الاوکسازبین , بنزواوکازبین , اوکسازبان جدیدة مشتقة من قواعد شف

Abdullah Dhyaa Al-khyaat

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 870-891
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165730

Summery
In this study has been prepared of compound ( 1 ) ( 2- ( 4- (dimethylamino) benzylidene ) hydrazine -1-carboxamide ) by the reaction between ( 4- (dimethylamino) benzaldehyde ) and semicarbazide , Then formation the compound ( 2 ) (( 5 - ( 4-dimethylamino ) phenyl ) 1,3,4- oxadiazol -2- amine ) followed by I2 - mediated oxidative (C-O) bond , Schiff bases ( 3-5 ) have been produced by the condensation of compound (2) and the benzaldehyde dervatives ( 4- chloro benzaldehyde , 2- nitro benzaldehyde , 2,4- dimethoxy benzaldehyde ) , and Finally , the new compounds oxazepine , benzoxazepine , oxazepane ( 6-14 ) prepared by the reaction of anhydride ( phathalic , maleic , succinic ) with Schiff bases
The synthesized compound are identified by physical ( melting points , color change ) and spectral method such as ( IR , Proton - NMR)

The effect of hot chair strategy in modifying the attention deficit of the third class, private education , especially in Reading

Harith M Sabri Alnueamy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 1-25
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165981

 
 The present   research aims at  identifying  the effect of using the hot chair strategy in modifying the attention deficit of third class pupils, especially in reading. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, two hypotheses have been formulated, The researcher used the experimental design with two equal groups, an experimental group and another control group. The number of the research sample reached (20)  pupils  by (10) pupils of the experimental group who studied according to the strategy of the hot chair and (10) pupils of the experimental group who studied according to the traditional method. The researcher has balanced between the two groups in the following variables: (The chronological age is calculated in months, the grade of reading for the second grade of primary school and the pre-test for the scale of attention deficit.) The researcher adopted the attention deficit scale prepared by (Al-Obaidy, 1999) and the validity of the scale was confirmed by presenting it to a group of arbitrators to find out its validity.Its validity has been confirmed by  using the Pearson correlation equation, and the validity coefficient is  (0.82). by using the Mann, Tennessee, and Coxen test results showed the following that there was a statistically significant difference between the average degrees of post-application of the motivation scale for the experimental group students who studied using the traffic lights strategy and the control group students who studied using the usual method.

The quality of life of orphans in the Middle school stage

Najia Ibrahim Mohammed AL-Dulaimi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 26-49
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165982

     The presence of the parents and the basic fundamental requirement in creating quality of life for children, especially the father, because the first role model for his children, as his image remains great does not match the greatness, an example of security, strength and masculinity and protects his children, an example of tenderness and kindness; because he embraces them, an example of love; an example of good education; because he guides them and advises them. Hence, the importance of having a father who instills values, attitudes, habits and concepts in the hearts of his children, this qualifies them for positive psychological compatibility with themselves first, and then with their external environment, which includes school and peer group in general.
       Psychological and emotional Compatibility can only occur within a family that provides children with affection, love, care, reassurance and a sense of stability. Any imbalance in the stability of this family through the loss of one of its main pillars from a father or mother may disturb its balance, which leads to cracking and the fall of its functions, her children are then subjected to emotional deprivation, which is a major cause of a lack of quality of life.
      Therefore, the current research came to study the level of quality of life of orphans in the intermediate stage, and in order to reach the objectives of the research the researcher built a scale consisting of (18) items, the researcher also selected a sample that included (150) orphans of males and females, and the researcher extracted items of the scale of coefficients of Validity and Stability in order to apply it to the research sample. After the researcher finished applying the quality of life measure to orphans, the results showed the following:
a-The sample suffers from poor quality of life.
b - There is no effect of variable (sex, and school stage) on the quality of life of orphans.
     After obtaining the results of the research, the researcher made a set of recommendations and suggestions, as follows:

The effect of the PQ4R strategy on the mathematical average in mathematics logic of intelligence for second graders

Muhanad Hashem Hashem

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 50-76
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165983

 The research goal defines the effect of the PQ4R strategy on mathematical logical intelligence for second-graders middle school students, and to achieve the research goal, the researcher adopted the experimental research approach, as the experimental design was used for two equivalents groups with the post-test of mathematical logical intelligence, the experiment was applied to a sample of (70) students The experimental group (34) female students and the control group (36) female students from the second intermediate class in the middle (Al-Sham girls) for the academic year 2018-2019, the two groups were rewarded with variables (the previous mathematical knowledge test, the female student's age time calculated in months, the logical mathematical intelligence test The experiment requirements were determined by identifying the scientific subject and preparing the teaching plans, the research tool (Mathematical Logical Intelligence Test) was built, as the Mathematical Logical Intelligence Test consisted of (20) objective paragraphs, the validity of the test was verified and the test stability coefficient was acceptable, as was The treatment of difficulty, discrimination, and effectiveness of the wrong alternatives for the two test items was good, and the researcher taught the experimental group adopting the PQ4R strategy which is based on seven sequential steps (preliminary examination, asking questions, reading aloud, meditating, writing, reviewing), and studied the study group Duck according to the usual method of teaching, and after the end of the experiment the mathematical logical intelligence test was applied to each of the two groups (experimental and control), a number of appropriate statistical methods were used, including the (Kuder-Richardson 20) equation, the alpha-Kronbach equation, the T-test, and the coefficient Pearson correlation, and the following results were reache
1- There is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the mean scores of female students of the experimental group and the degrees of students of the control group in the logical mathematical intelligence test and in favor of the experimental group.
 

Difficulty in learning mathematics for primary school students

Zuhoor Mohamed Saeed Saeed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 77-96
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165984

The current research aimed at uncovering the most important difficulties faced by teachers (Males and Females) of teaching mathematics subject for primary school students in the Mosul city, as well as identifying the impact of the gender variable in facing these difficulties. The current research identifies the teachers ( Males and Females)  of the primary stage of the Mosul city  for the academic year 2018-2019, Where a random sample of the research community was taken by 2% of the original community. ( Fathi Mustafa El Zayat, 2008, 20  ) scale was adopted. Consisting of 20 paragraphs, with five alternatives, The validity and reliability of the research tool applied to the study sample was extracted. The application took three weeks. After the data were collected, they were statistically analyzed using percentage weight as well as the test to detect the differences between the percentages, The results showed that the teachers ( Males and Females ) of mathematics suffer from a number of difficulties that hinder their work and is the lack of desire and enthusiasm to learn the article as well as teachers ( Males and Females )  suffer from the density of students in one classroom and the lack of educational courses for teachers (Males and Females), Teachers ( Males and Females ) of mathematics also suffer from lack of experience in modern teaching methods, which makes them focus on the theoretical side and neglect the practical side, Based on these results, the researcher presented a number of recommendations at the end of the research .


 

The extent to which students of the College of Education for Humanities benefit from the Arabic language curriculum in overcoming spelling errors from the viewpoint of teachers

Sadam M Hamed Hamed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 119-153
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165985

 The aim of the current research is to identify the extent to which the students of the Faculty of Education for Human Sciences benefited from the Arabic language curriculum in overcoming spelling mistakes from the point of view of the teachers. The sample consisted of (42) teachers, (23) teachers in history department and (19) In the Department of Geography of the Total Research Society. to achieve the goal of the research, the researcher prepared questionnaire , the questionnaire formed of (32) paragraph followed by three variables are: (large, medium, And few), has been achieved, The researchers check the validity and reliability  Psychometric characteristics when applying the questionnaire to a prospective sample members, consisting of (30) teachers., after the final application, data collection and statistically analyzed using Pearson correlation and the weighted test, (t-test) for two independent samples showed the following results: 1-The views of the teachers (members of the sample) in the history section of the students benefited from the curriculum of the Arabic language to be taught to students of the first and second grades in the college of Education for Humanities (78.33%). 2-The views of the teachers (members of the sample) in the Department of Geography of the benefit of their students from the Arabic language curriculum to be taught to students of the first and second grades in the college of Education for Humanities (77.33%) .

Difficulties facing teachers and teachers of centers for people with special needs while teaching from their point of view

Ghosha Z Mohameed Mohameed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 179-200
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165986

    The current research aims to the difficulties facing male and female centers for those with needs during teaching from their point of view, its sample consisted of (54) male and female teachers with (24) male and (30) male and female teachers, affiliated to the Directorate of Social Affairs in Dohuk Governorate, at approximately (65%) To represent the research sample, the researchers prepared a questionnaire that consisted of (3) areas, which are the difficulties: (administrative (11) paragraphs, and technical (9) paragraphs, related to the nature of curricula for people with special needs (11) paragraphs). The total of them reached (31) paragraphs. By statistical means such as the Pearson correlation coefficient,
     The reference mean, the relative weight, and the choice (test-z) to arrive at the following results:
1- The difficulties of the questionnaire fields among the members of the research sample of male and female teachers in centers for people with special needs reached medium difficulties.
2- There are no statistically significant differences between determining between the views of both teachers and teachers when the difficulties they face in centers with special needs. The researchers came up with a set of conclusions, recommendations and proposals.

The problems that facing the application of modern strategies in teaching curricula of the Department of Arabic Language from the teachers’ point of view

.Wasnaa Muhammad Farj Farj

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 201-225
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165987

The aims of this research were to identify the problems facing the application of modern strategies in teaching the curricula of the Department of Arabic Language from the viewpoint of lecturers, and the research community included lecturers of faculty of humanities and human sciences education at the University of Kirkuk, and the research sample consisted of (30) lecturers from those faculties, and to achieve a goal research. A scale of problems was built by handing out  an open questionnaire consisting of the following question: What problems do you encounter in applying modern teaching strategies? It was distributed to (20) teacher from the research community, from the teachers answered the paragraphs,  the questionnaire were formulated, which will be finalized from (27) paragraphs, the apparent honesty was extracted by presenting the tool to a group of professors specialized in educational and psychological sciences, and teaching method. Stability extraction by re-test method on a sample of professors of the Arabic Language Department amounted to (20) teaching staff, the stability factor reached (0.83), and the researchers used the appropriate statistical methods in data analysis and statistically processing, including Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test for one sample, and t-test for two independent samples The results showed that the teachers have problems in applying modern strategies, the results also showed that the faculty of arts have more problems in applying the strategies than those of the College of Education for Humanities.
1- The number of paragraphs that were considered problems facing the application of modern strategies in the College of Education for Humanities reached (21) items which constitute a percentage of 78% of the total number of paragraphs, and in the College of Arts (20) paragraphs which constitute a percentage of (74%) of the total number of paragraphs, while the number of paragraphs that are not considered to be problems facing the application of modern strategies in the College of Education for Humanities is (6) items, and it constitute (22%) of the total number of paragraphs.
2- The overall rate of problems facing the application of modern strategies in the College of Education for Humanities was (3.49), weighted, and (69.8) grade. And in the College of Arts (3.50) weighted medium and (70) grade weight.
3- There are statistically significant differences between the average responses of the two research samples in the College of Education for Humanities and the College of Arts. For the benefit of the Faculty of Arts at the level of significance (0.05(

The interweaving relationship between the ego and the other in the poetry of Ibn-Hamdess Al-Sekely.

Bashar Nadeem Ahmed albajajy

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 226-244
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165988

The association between the ego and the other is the main dialog of the philosophic research dialogs. The awareness in the ego can not be achieved without the existence of the other. So that the relationship between them is interweaving. And there are two types of this relation between then these are:

The glory of his genealogy and himself also in his elegies and his flirtations.
The discontinues ego from the other witch appeared in the state of alienation and the appearance of the sufferance phenomenon from the time in his poetry and his passion in wine.

The syntactic parallelism and its significance in the hadiths of qudsi hadith “O my servant ,that I forbade oppression” as an example

Nawar Mohammed Ismail Ismail

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 245-275
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165989

Parallelism is a structural phenomenon , and repeat the same voice image and It is the grape compliance is the principle of its own it is one of grammatical casting .Which consists in evaluating sentences symmetrically to support the meaning .This grammatical similarity between sentences attracts the recipient and achieve multiple connotations desired by the text, between confirmation ,report, interest, amplification ,glorification ,intent, guidance, advancement and multiplication, and the sign the hope and multiplication the types of torment .the research present a theoretical statement on the parallelism and on the composition the structural patterns varied. The paraller response was a compound sentence because it consisted of two attributes of transmission, the first of which was based on the exception and was illiterate by three sentences and the second pattern was adopted negative which is the total of his request including the meaning of the condition by four successive sentences. Then sentence the third and fourth type of compound conditional clause because it is based on the action of the condition and the sentences response to the condition and the third pattern was administered by (LU) and his connotation of impossibility, wishing and abstinence ,and the last was based on the condition tool(of) which served in its significance the inevitable result outcome of two paths present both hadith from its beginning and then it was held with the intent and forbid style , they continued with the beginning of the hadith (confirmation and banishment) the study attempted to highlight the role of parallism with the diversity of sentences and method in producing meaning and how was he added every style to serve the meaner, as the opposites had wide presence over the extension of the hadith , the nominal actual formulation of the words was active role in the statement of movement through the constant and to move the response in the recipient.
 

Rhetorical technique of narrative perspective in a story (The smell of cinema) by Nizar Abdel-Sattar

Azad Haedar Shekao Shekao

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 375-395
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165990

The narrative perspective is the focus of the narration that expresses itself in narrative formulas, and rhetorical images as a narrative appearance in the linguistic term that transcends the attribute of embellishment to an enlarged narrative rhetoric that shares with the absolute images in the narration with sensory constants and a fictional element, located between the external reality and the mind of the recipient, and the story with its narrative forms and components in the narration Subject to the utterances of rhetoric and its procedure by employing and adopting it as an artistic technique in the spoken text, and the story (the smell of cinema) represented a fictional narrative situation from which the writer narrates his narrative world in all its details, accompanied with it the mind of the narrative for him - the recipient -, provokes his mind and stimulates him with death Seven storytelling and Msajrih in bringing about an approach Tejealah between the reality of the hero Drifter mired in false consciousness as a sardonic narrator Asrdh us.

The effect of the human concept on juristic difference

Saud A abdulla AL Hayane

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 440-472
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165991

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the chosen Prophet, his family and his companions. Having said this:
The research deals with the relationship between Islamic jurisprudence and Ilm Al-Kalam (the Islamic scholastic theology) by highlighting one of the scholastic theological principles over which a disagreement occurred among the Muslim scholars of scholastic theology and its schools. The disagreement was namely about what is meant by “human being” is it the soul, the body, or both of them?. This disagreement has impacted some of the jurisprudent branches related to the human self and the effective causes of legal rulings related to it. The disagreement has occurred especially among the Hanafi School, which seems to believe that the soul is intended by the legal ruling, and the Shafi’i school, which recognizes that the legal ruling is related to the body of which the soul is a constituent factor. The instances for such an issue could be: washing wife’s dead body by her husband, the origin of permissibility in marriage, attaching divorce words to wife’s certain organs or suspending divorce and the spread of the effect of analogous punishment inflicted upon a sinner.

Altawjih Alllghwy Liqara'at Alshshadhat Fi Sura "S" Dirasat Sarfit Nahwia

Ahmad Yassen Taha Taha

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 473-511
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165992

    The Holy Qur’an, with its various readings, is the primary source that preserved linguistic studies because of its richness of linguistics, and abnormal readings represent a field of great interest in the field of linguistic and grammatical studies.
    From this standpoint, the idea of ​​this study came as it relies on the linguistic guidance of abnormal readings and its restriction to Surat “P” to be a field of research and study, and it is one of the Meccan Surahs that readings varied.
    After counting and collecting these readings, we have obtained "39" readings. I classified them according to the morphological and grammatical studies they represent, then direct them and study them linguistically, ac cording to what is needed.

Peaceful Coexistence between Muslims and the Chinese ( The 3rd Century – 8th Century A.H. / 9rd Century – 14th Century AC.)

Sajid Abid Mohammed Mohammed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 512-528
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165993

Mankind knew peaceful coexistence from time immorial although it was not used as a term in the old periods and they have simiarlities that brought them together. This does not happen if there is no mutual coexistence.Today, the issue of coexistence is one of the most important issues that preoccupy the minds of Muslim and western thinkers and specialists. Muslims and non-Muslims have felt the importance of it.  There are frequent calls which ask for good coexistence. Therefore, the topic of peaceful coexistence between Muslims and the Chinese focuses on the necessity of human coexistence. This is required of human society to achieve balance and to strive any difference. Muslims have behaved in a civilized manner,  which affected many Chinese people and led them to embrace Islam. In fact Muslims and the Chinese presented a good example of peaceful coexistence and understanding the other at that time. The research comprises an introduction and four sections. The first section examines the concept of coexistence linguistically and terminologically. The second section tackles the peaceful political coexistence. The peaceful economic coexistence is given an account in the third section. Th research ends  with the peaceful social coexistence  in addition to a conclusion that mentions the findings of the research.

International protection of journalists during the period of armed conflict

Hala A Mohammed AL Doory

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 529-552
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165994

 
That the human being is the essence of life and the basis for survival of his feeling of peace and security and ensuring his freedoms and respect for his dignity at all times. Therefore, international agreements came to ensure the public and private protection of the person against any aggression that might befall him.
Despite the high hopes raised by the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, they were not at the required level, as the number of victims is increasing due to the increase in international armed operations, whether or not of an international nature; and that all legal texts of the international agreements remained a dead letter that did not come into practice. .
The efforts made by the international community to develop and codify the rules and provisions that regulate armed conflicts, through international agreements, covenants and declarations, are incomplete due to the lack of deterrent penal mechanisms for anyone who violates them.
Despite the existence of international agreements that protect some special groups, such as journalists,
the provisions of these articles do not provide full protection for this category, just as states do not adhere to
international agreements, but rather rely on the balance of power without regard to the rules and provisions of international
humanitarian law.

Mercenaries in international humanitarian law

Hala A Mohammed AL Doory

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 569-596
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165996

The last decade of the last century witnessed an increase in the number of international armed conflicts, whether international or not, and some of the parties to the conflict tended to use a large number of mercenaries to carry out various tasks with the opponent, and some of the parties to the conflict had used “security companies” to carry out their sabotage actions "The employees of security companies, mercenaries and spies are individuals who are covered by the protection

Britain's policy towards the Ottoman Empire since the assumption of the British Ambassador Louis Mellit until the entry into the First World War

Emad Hamad Saleh Abdul Halim Jubouri

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 597-621
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165997

          The prevailing view of many historians and researchers in Ottoman affairs were that the British government is pushing the Ottoman state to join the center countries, led by Germany, but this view is problematic, especially since Britain has already achieved its preference in the years before the First World War and its emphasis on her interested in Arabian Gulf , Mesopotamia, and no Exception Egypt, which has not wished to raise its subject since the federalists took power in the Ottoman Empire, and to enter into negotiations with the British side in order to ensure its interests in the Middle East. In 1913-1914, which resulted in a series of agreements in favor of the British government, which became the view that it is not necessary to engage with the Ottoman State in armed conflict.
   The research deals with diplomacy taken by Britain through the Foreign Office and its embassy in Astana and pursued two levels of policy, the first: to keep the Ottoman Empire on the neutrality. The second to delay the entry of the Ottoman Empire as much as possible.

Ornamental Materials Industry in Ancient Iraq

Suheila Majeed Ahmed Ahmed

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 622-638
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165998

The manufacture of ornamental materials for ancient Iraqis is one of the oldest industries of the human being, as it is known that man always searches for materials that adorn them and highlight the beautiful and decent qualities through them, especially women who are interested in appearing beautiful.
It is known that ornamental materials are luxury materials for humans and express beauty, both for the face or the smell of the body and place, so we will focus on ornamental materials and not ornamental tools and the topic of our research will be the manufacture of ornamental materials, which are represented by the face powder, eyeliner and lipstick, and then we will talk about perfumes after that as complementary materials for decoration and gives the person psychological comfort and get rid of bad smells, especially in the summer.
The research relied on its scientific material on what was discovered in ancient graves of materials indicating that they were used in cosmetics, including some holdings in this regard made of gold, silver, and ivory, as was relying on many texts that referred to cosmetics whether they were used to beautify The face and the most important part of it are the eyes, eyebrows or aromatherapy substances mentioned in these texts, and all of these combined, whether ornamental materials or perfumes give an aesthetic appearance to the person that increases its splendor of its attractiveness and that every person's demand is old and new.

The legal status of irregular combatants during the period of armed conflict

Hala A Mohammed AL Doory

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 665-689
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.165999

That the discussion of the "legal status" of combatants, non-regimes in armed conflict is not "desirable" according to the "rules of international law" unless they became after the military "campaign" led by the United States in "Afghanistan" the theme of the sea and "international legal" and writers and researchers in this subject without regard to the nature of the conflict is international or" non-international in character ".
Targets "our research" to clarify the concept of armed conflict and those who are" fighters not the two systems" and the extent of the applicability of the rules of international humanitarian law to those groups, particularly the third" Geneva "Convention of 1949.

The effect of a proposed educational program for physical education lesson on developing some life skills and reducing the phenomenon of school violence for fourth-grade middle school students

Ahlam dara Azeez Azeez

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 718-737
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166000

   The aim of the research is to: Prepare an educational program for physical education lesson for fourth-grade middle school students and trace the effect of the prepared educational program on developing some life skills and reduce the phenomenon of school violence.                                                                                                                                 
   The experimental curriculum was adopted to conform to the specifics of the research problem and its sample, as it included fourth preparatory students in the (brotherhood) prep in the governorate of Erbil, for the academic year 2019-2020, and the number (79) students. The research sample was chosen by random poll, as it reached (40) students, at a rate of (20) students for each of the two experimental research groups that were taught using the prepared educational program and the control that was studied in the usual prevailing way. The researcher used the statistical bag spss to collect and process the data, And concluded that the educational program for the physical education lesson had a positive impact in developing life skills and reducing school violence for fourth-grade middle school students. The results of the dimensional tests confirmed the progress of both experimental and control groups on their results in the tribal tests. She recommended the necessity of relying on prepared programs in which educational aspects crossed with educational curricula to refine the behavior of students at different ages and to improve their personalities by developing their life skills, paying attention to the emerging problems, life aspects, and the changing circumstances surrounding students and setting up immediate plans to deal with them scientifically and behaviorally, and to increase academic aspects to address aspects Demonstrated behavior in students' emotions and limiting their life skills.      

Emotional intelligence and its relationship to the level of performance of some basic volleyball skills among Qaraqosh sports club female players

Rabea H Salman Salman; Saad B Gargeas Gargeas

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 738-754
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166001

     The aim of the research was to identify the relationship between emotional intelligence and its relationship to the level of performance of some basic volleyball skills among Qaraqosh  Sports Club female players. Both researchers used the descriptive approach to its suitability to the nature of the problem, and the sample consisted of (14) female players from Qaraqosh  Sports Club in volleyball, who were deliberately selected from the research community consisting of (20) players. The researchers used emotional intelligence and skill tests to collect data. The SPSS system was used to statistically process the data. The most important findings of the researchers were: The sample possesses an average level of emotional intelligence, as well as a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and passing skill, and non-emotional between emotional intelligence and the skills of sending and crushing the volleyball of the sample. . In light of the findings, the researchers recommended that paying attention to the psychological preparation of the team and include it in the training curriculum, because of its positive impact on other training elements.Furthermore,attention and focus on some training and educational programs through which players can develop emotional intelligence.
 

The protective and Antioxidant Effect of Catechin and Apigenin on Some Biochemical Parameters in Blood Serum of Rats Exposed to Oxidative Stress Induced by H2O2

Rana T Ibrahem Ibrahem; Amera A Mahmmod Mahmmod; Ghada Abd Taqa Taqa

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 813-852
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166002

The aim of this study is to determine the protective and antioxidant effect of catechin isolated from avocado (persea Americana) seeds and Apigenin isolated from parsley (prtroselinum crispum) leaves in preventing of oxidative stress effects exposed by (0.5 % H2O2) during periods (0, 2 weeks and 4 weeks) by measuring some biochemicals parameters in blood serum, Glucose, Urea, Uric Acid (UA), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), Glutathione (GSH), Malondialdehyde (MDA), and peroxy nitrate radical (ONOȮ). Forty eight males rats with the age of (10 ± 1 week) and weight of (200 – 250)gm were randomly divided into 4 groups, 6 Rat/group.
Group (1): control group received drinking tap water and standard diet, given (A) for catechin and () for apigenin, Group (2): received (0.5% H2O2) with drinking water for 4 weeks, given (B) for catechin and () for a pigenin, Group (3): received tap water and standard diet and given (50 mg/kg) catechin for 4 weeks, given (C) and (50 mg/kg) Apigenin for 4 weeks,  given (, Group (4): received (0.5% H2O2) with drinking water and given (50 mg/kg) catechin for 4 weeks given (D), and (50 mg/kg) Apigenin, given ().
Result showed a significant increase (P≤ 0.05) in the concentration of glucose, Urea, UA, CRP, MDA and ONOȮ and a significant decrease in GSH level compared with control group. The treatment with catechin and Apigenin each alone lead to positive effects of oxidative damage through the significant increasing (P≤ 0.05) in GSH level and significant decrease (P≤0.05) in concentration of glucose, Urea, UA, MDA, CRP and ONOȮ.

Evaluating the performance ÖZDUMAN Planter the maize Yellow in some field performance indicators.

Thakir J Dleem Dleem; Muosab .A. Mohammed Mohammed; Abdul-Majeed. H. Al-Rawi Al-Rawi

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 853-868
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166003

     A field study was carried out to grow the maize Yellow  crop For the autumn season 2019-2020 in one of the agricultural lands in Al-Nimrud district in Nineveh Governorate, Moreover, field soil textures were loamy silty clay. The randomised complete block design (RCBD) was used to analyse the results under a split-split plots system with three replications. The investigation included the effect of three factors, the first one is seed depth (3 and 5) cm, and the second factor is the planter speed, which were (2.5, 4.8 and 6) km/h. The last factor is the spring tensile strength at three levels, that were (242, 217, and 198) N , The indicators studied were adopted for each of slippage ratio (%) , fuel consumption (l/ha), draft force (kN), loss ratio (%),  achieved seeding depth (cm), ). Furthermore, total seed yield (ton/ha),  . The most important results obtained were as follows:- As the depth (5) cm was significantly superior in all attributes The study also showed that the first speed (2.5) km / hour exceeded significantly in the highest values ​​of each fuel consumption (3.99). L / ha: Seed depth achieved (3.84) cm and total yield (10.76) t / ha. While the pulsating tension force level (242) Newton achieved the best moral values ​​in all characteristics except for the percentage of loss (5%). Whereas, the bilateral interaction of depth (5) cm with speed (2.5) km / h recorded the highest significant values ​​in the characteristic of each fuel consumption (5.17) l / ha, realized seed depth (4.80) cm and total seed yield (11.09) t / ha. As for the bilateral depth depth (5) cm with the spring tensile strength level (242) Newton achieved significant superiority in all traits except the characteristic of the percentage of loss. As for the velocity interference (4.8) km / h with the levels (242 and 217) Newton for the spring tensile strength The highest significant values ​​in attribute depth achieved (3.92 and 3.77) cm, respectively. Whereas, the triple combination of depth (5) cm with speed (4.8) km / h with the second level recorded the highest and best moral value in the attribute depth of the achieved seeds (4.93) cm from the rest of the characteristics.

Synthesis of Silver Nano particles Using Catechin and Apigenin and Study their Anti- oxidant Effect on the Laboratory Rats

Rana Talib Ibrahim Ibrahim; Amera Azez Mahmmod Mahmmod; Ghada Abdul Ruhman Taqa Taqa

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 919-943
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166004

The study was aimed to produce silver nanoparticles using catechin and Apigenin each a lone as a reducing and coverage also to investigate the anti- oxidant effects of catechin – silver nanoparticles and Apigenin silver nanoparticles on some biochemicals parameters in blood serum, Liver and kidney tissue in hydrogen peroxide – exposed rats. Scanning    Electron Microscope was used to investigate the morphology and size of synthesized silver nanoparticles. (36) adults male rats were randomly and equally divided into three groups (3 rat/ group). Group (1): control group received drinking water and standard diet only, given (I) for catichin – AgNPS and (VI) for Apigenin – AgNPS. Group (2): received (%0.5H2O2) with drinking water only for 4 weeks, given (II) for catechin – Apigenin and (VII) for Apigenin - AgNPS. Group (3): received tap water and standard diet and given (50mg/kg) catechin – AgNPS, given (V) and (50mg/kg) Apigenin - AgNPS, given (X). Result showed a significant  decrease (P≤0.05) in GSH level and  a significant  increase in MDA livel in blood serum, liver and kidney tissue of rats. The treatment with catichin – AgNPS, Apigenin - AgNPS.each a lone lead to positive effect of oxidative damage through the significant   increasing (P≤0.05) in GSH level and significant  decrease (P≤0.05) in MDA level in blood serum, liver and tissue of rats.

Discourse Analysis of Short Story 'The Man of the House'

Saffana Ayed Husein Al-Khattabee; Wayees Jallud Ibrahim Ibrahim

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 954-975
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166005

Discourse analysis is considered as an instrument in analyzing elements which influence on our understanding of a particular text. Thus, discourse analysis is a highly coherent model in analyzing any spoken, like conversation, or written, like short story text.
The aim of this study is to analyze the discourse analysis of a short story, to show how the discourse is initiated, developed and terminated. How the characters participate, interact and what are the relationships among them, how those characters are introduced in the story; how they interrupt, ask questions, and how turns are distributed. The study also aims at counting the number of topics and how they are interrelated. To know whether the sequence of events is logical or not, and to know the fillers (Ah, Oh) and their functions. Further, the study tries to analyze a short story fro the grammatical point of view for stylistic characterization relying on (A Practical English Grammar) (1986) (Fourth Edition) by A. J. Thomson and A. V. Martinet. Also, to determine the speech acts and their percentages.
In order to achieve these aims, the study adopts the discourse analysis of a written text of a short story namely, The Man of the House, by analyzing and describing the different strategies like initiating, developing, and terminating. In this study, the model of discourse analysis is eclectic, comprising of three models; Hymes model (1972) who suggests the category of "speech event", and Sacks model (1968) which proposes interaction analysis based on four categories "conversation", "topic", "sequence", and "turn". Finally Sinclair-and Coulthard’s model (1975) of speech acts classification.
The present study hypothesizes that discourse analysis is conducted depending on the text and context and how the two terms complete each other. The meaning of the text is completed by action. Analysis is to be achieved structurally and linguistically. It is also found that the discourse is composed of the cooperating of acts, interaction of the participants, sequence of events, topics, and other units.
Throughout the analysis, it has been found that the participants perform different speech acts such as nomination which is the most frequently used. The frequency of nomination is 1156 which represents 52.3% of the total acts, reaction forms 555 which represents 25.1%. Evaluation records 198 which represents 8.9% of the total number of acts. There are other speech acts like comment, obligation, manner, and metastatement mentioned in the story. These acts vary according to their usages and functions, and percentages. In the analysis of speech events, the number of major events is 22 which forms (24.5%), while the number of minor events is 68 which forms (75.5%). It is worth mentioning that the participants in the aforementioned story are of different social classes.
The participants sometimes address each other by using terms of address in order to show respect, especially some of them are of higher status. The story is narrated in the first person pronoun ( I ), which means that the writer talks about his personal life. Sullivan did most of the turns, (41) which represents 47.6% of the total turns as he is the protagonist and the most important participant in the story. Dooley had (14) turns so that she came second in order that represents 16.2%. The mother came third in rank and did (13) turns which represents 15.5%. Some of the participants participated in conversations more than others, Dooley and Sullivan for instance participate in 12 turns which represents 29.2%, while Minnie and Sullivan participate in 9 turns which forms 21.9%.
Within the grammatical analysis, it is found that the number of content words are 4632 which represents 76.5%, the number of content words is 1420 which represents 23.4%, the number of definite articles is 290 which represents 73.9%, the number of indefinite articles is 102 which represents 26.0% of the total number of articles. The total number of nouns, such as countable nouns, singular nouns, feminine nouns, used by the story author is 2439.
Discourse analysis shows when and where the turns and topics are shifted, and changed. The use of fillers, such as (Ah) and (Oh), is important and related to the use of discourse; (Ah) occurs 8 times that is 72.7%, whilst (Oh) occurs 3 times that is 27.2%. Finally, the linguistic analysis of literature has many implications and benefits for language teaching.

Students' Performance Evaluation Using Machine Learning Algorithms

Samah Fakhri Aziz Aziz

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 977-986
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166006

Predicting student performance is very important to the success of any educational process. Harnessing methods of data mining and machine learning to predict their performance based on data available in schools and student records can explain their behavior, the impact of each factor on the progress of the educational process for students, the relationship of the age stage and follow-up of parents and days of absence. This paper discusses the possibility of harnessing machine learning algorithms to predict student performance and determine the importance of each factor to that performance and Comparing the performance of machine learning algorithms (GBDT-RFDT-Deeplearning) in exploring educational data.

The Main Themes in Heart of Darkness

Lubab Eltayeb Elmukashfi Elmukashfi; Ayad Mohammed Ali Ali

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 987-1009
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166007

          Joseph Conrad wrote the novel the heart of darkness in the year 1899. He started writing this novel with a greatest plot of dominant themes from 1898 and competed the writing in the year 1899 February. This novella was first published by William Blackwood and Sons and released in Edinburgh on 13th November 1902 (Dominic Davies (2019)). This novella was rich with dominant themes namely Imperialism, White Man’s Burden, Lack of Truth, Colonization, Exploitation, Racial Discrimination, Alienation and Isolation, Moral Corruption, Violence and Human Greed and Deception. The novel was written to enlighten the effects of Imperialism and Colonialism with the power of freedom and rationalist thought inherited from his Polish parents of Conrad.  This novel was a predominant work to reveal the dominant themes raised from his inmost heart against the supremacy and racial discrimination demonstrated by the European emperors against the Asian and African people. This novel has reflected the contemporary political, social and economic conditions of Belgian Congo was witness with x-ray eyes. X-Ray indicates the external appearance as well as internal feelings. Heart of Darkness is the book which demonstrate the colonizers dominated the native Africans in the areas of Belgian Congo (Fothergill, Anthony (2003) PP 85-97).

Job stress for youth forum managers and members in Nineveh Governorate

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 474-509

هدف البحث إلى1- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات شباب محافظة نينوى.2- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية في كل منتدى على حدا.3- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية على وفق نوع العمل. تم استخدام المنهج الوصفي، وتكونت عينة البحث من (74) فردا موزعين على أربعة مراكز في محافظة نينوى هي (الموصل-القوش-تلعفر –الحدباء).لتحقيق أهداف البحث تم بناء مقياس للضغوط المهنية والتحقق من صدقه وثباته، وفي معالجة البيانات إحصائيا تم استخدام النسبة المئوية ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون والاختبار التائي واستنتج الباحثون ما يأتي:1-إن مستويات الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات الشباب بشكل عام معتدلة. 2-مستويات الضغوط المهنية في منتديات شباب ( القوش ، تلعفر ، الموصل ) معتدلة وفي منتدى شباب الحدباء منخفضة.3-ارتفاع مستوى الضغوط المهنية في منتدى شباب تلعفر بسبب الهيكل التنظيمي. 4-لا تتأثر الضغوط المهنية في منتديات الشباب بنوع العمل، فالمديرون والعاملون بالمجالات الأخرى لديهم ضغطا مهنيا معتدلا بشكل عام.5-ارتفاع الضغوط المهنية لدى المدراء بسبب عدم وجود بالتطور الوظيفي.6-يعاني العاملون في المجال الرياضي ضغوطا مهنية مرتفعة بسبب زيادة المسؤولية.The research aims at:1. Recognizing job stress level for youth forum members in Ninavah.2. Recognizing job stress level in each forum, separakly3. Recognizing job stress level according to job genre.The descriptive approach was used, the sample included (74) individuals who belong to (4) youth forum in (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar, and Al-Hdbaa). Collecting the data was done adopting job stress Scale constructed by the researchers, The validity and reliability of this scale was verified.The data have been statistically handled using percentage, mean, Pearson correlation coefficient, and (T test)The research concludes with the following:1. Job stress level for youth forum members are generally moderate.2. Job stress levels in youth forum (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar) are moderate, and in forum (Al-Hdbaa) are low.3. Job stress levels increased in (Talafar) youth forum because of its organization structure.4. Job stress are not affected by job genre.5. Job stress is increased for managers because of no attent with functional development.6. Workers in sport fields are suffering from job stress because of over responsibility

Simulation of using Optical grating in Dispersion compensation for Optical Fiber SMF

Duried Hazim Ahmad; Saba Maulood Sulayman

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 321-340

In this work, a Fiber Bragg Gratings ,"FBG" had been implemented using a package of Optisystem7 as a compensation component for the spreading of optical pulse width equal to12.5ps transmitted by single mode optical fiber having 10km length and dispersion 16ps/nm.km. Moreover, the ideal performance had been investigated by using the mean value of bit error rate and quality factor for fiber communication system having fiber length 100km and bit rate 10Gbps NRZ . Also, ideal fiber grating have been taken under consideration . The results of this study confirm the ability of FBG to act as a dispersion compensation while the ideal performance occurring at QF= 9.51 & BER = 8.7 10-22at compensation of -1600ps/nm for fiber length of 100km.

Determination and Testing the Domination Numbers of Tadpole Graph, Book Graph and Stacked Book Graph Using MATLAB

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 491-504

يقال لأية مجموعة جزئية S من مجموعة الرؤوس Vفي بيان G بأنها مجموعة مهيمنة Dominating set إذا كان لكل رأس v في المجموعة V-S يوجد رأس uفيS بحيث uv ضمن حافات البيان،. ويعرف العدد المهيمنDomination number بأنه أصغر مجموعة أساسية مهيمنةDomination .في هذا البحث سوف ندرس العدد المهيمن Domination number لبيان تادبول (Tadpole graph) ، بيان بوك (Book graph) وبيان ستاكيت بوك (Stacked Book graph). كذلك تأكدنا من النتائج النظرية التي توصلنا إليها بواسطة الحاسبة باستعمال الماتلاب (matlab) لحساب العدد المهيمن والمجموعة المهيمنة S ورسمنا البيانات التي توضح الرؤوس المهيمنة، حيث توصلنا إلى النتائج التالية: . there exists a vertex such that . The minimum cardinality of vertices among dominating set of G is called the domination number of G denoted by .We investigate the domination number of Tadpole graph, Book graph and Stacked Book graph. Also we test our theoretical results in computer by introducing a matlab procedure to find the domination number , dominating set S and draw this graph that illustrates the vertices of domination this graphs. It is proved that: .

Investigating the Effect of Denies Model in Developing Mathematical Skills for Fifth Primary Grade Pupils

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 97-142

Abstract: The research model was selected intentionally from research community, and consists of (46) pupils in the fifth class grade from school of Abby alfaqar for girls and distributed randomly on the two groups as much as (25) pupils for the experimental group which studied the subject according to Denies samples the and (21) pupils for the control group which studied subject itself on the according to the normal method,
Next, the researcher started by applying the experiment from one of researcher on Sunday (23/1/2014) and ended on Thursday (17/4/2014 )and applying Mathematics skill pre-test, the data were analyzed statistically by using(T) tests for two independent samples and the results were as follows.There is difference with statistical significance between the two pre and post- tests of the experimental group of Mathematical skills tests in favor of post- tests.There is no significance difference between the two pre and post- tests of the construct group of Mathematical skills test. There is a difference with statistical significance between the average degrees of mathematical development skills for two groups, the experimental and control and in favor of the experimental groups.
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Measurement of Dose Distribution for Co – 60Teletherapy Unit

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2009, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 434-446

النسبة المئوية لجرعة العمق والجرعة خارج المحور المركزي يستخدمان عادة للحصول على العلاج الملائم . ولمحاولة الحصول على منحنيات تساوي الجرع في منطقة التراكم الالكتروني ، تم قياس توزيع الجرع لاشعة الكوبلت -60 العلاجية في مستوى عمودي على محور الجرع المركزي وفي منطقة التراكم الالكتروني والمناطق القريبة من السطح ، باستخدام كواشف التألق الحراري نوع فلوريد الليثيوم وشبح مصنوع من مادة البيرسبكس المكافى للنسيج الحي ، وللمجالين (10x10 cm²) و (15x15 cm²) ولثلاثة اعماق (0.0 gm /cm² , 0.36 gm /cm² and 0.55 gm /cm²) . تم استخدام القيم المقاسة للوصولعلاقة تجريبية باستخدام برنامج (MATLAB) ، واستخدمت العلاقة لاعطاء توقعات لتوزيع الجرع على أعماق مختلفة أخرى.Both percentage depth dose and off axis dose are usually needed in order to arrive at a suitable treatment plan. In an attempt to get an isodose curves in the build-up region , the dose distribution from Co-60 teletherapy machine in a planes perpendicular to the beam axis have been measured near the surface and in the build - up region , using LiF – Teflon thermoluminescent dosimeters in a Perspex phantom for (10x10 cm²) and (15x15 cm²) field size , and for three depths (0.0 g/cm² , 0.36 g/cm² and 0.55 g/cm²).The measured data is computer fitted to an empirical formula using MATLAB program , and the dose distribution for different other depths have been predicted.

Psychological and Social Coordination of Special Needs Pupils and Their normal Peers (Comparative Study)

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2007, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 1-17

استهدفت الدراسة التعرف الى الفروق في درجة التوافق النفسي والاجتماعي لدى التلاميذ ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة مع أقرانهم من الاعتياديين، كما استهدفت التعرف الى الفروق في درجة التوافق النفسي والاجتماعي بين التلاميذ ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة على وفق متغير الجنس مع أقرانهم الاعتياديين، كما استهدفت التعرف الى الفروق في درجة التوافق النفسي والاجتماعي بين التلاميذ من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة على وفق متغير الجنس وبين التلاميذ الاعتياديين على وفق متغير الجنس، حيث بلغت عينة البحث (120) تلميذ وتلميذة (60) منهم من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة (60) من الاعتياديين، وقد أعدت الباحثة استبيانا مكوناً من (68) فقرة مقسمين بواقع (34) فقرة في المجال المدرسي و(34) فقرة للمجال الأسري والاجتماعي، وقد تم استخراج الصدق الظاهري والثبات، كما استخدمت الباحثة معامل ارتباط بيرسون واختبار T-Test وتحليل التباين الأحادي واختبار شفيه وسائل إحصائية في الدراسة، وقد أظهرت النتائج أن التلاميذ الاعتياديين كانوا أكثر توافقا من التلاميذ ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة كذلك لم تكن هناك فروقا دالة إحصائيا بينهم في متغير الجنس.The current research aims at identifying the variance of social and psychological coordination between special needs pupils with their peers, the research also aims to know the variance of psychological and social coordination according to sex variable and the degree of psychological and social coordination according to the sex variable among the normal students. The sample contained (120) pupils (60) of which were special needs and (60) normal ones. The research made a questionnaire of (68) items divided to be (34) items in school affairs and (34) items in social and family aspects. The external validity and stability were extracted. The researcher used Pearson Coefficient of Conjunction, T-Test, unilateral variance analysis and Shifee test as statistical means. The results showed that normal students were more coordinated than the special needs as well as statistically significant differences

Certain Fitness Elements and its Relation to the Professional Performance of the Libro Volley Ball

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2007, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 187-204

هدف البحث في التعرف الى مستوى بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية والمستوى المهاري للاعب الحر كذلك التعرف الى العلاقة بين بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية والاداء المهاري للاعب الحر في الكرة الطائرة ، وتكونت عينة من ستة لاعبين يمثلون اللاعب الحر في فرق جامعات (السليمانية ، تكريت ، ديالى ، دهوك ، الموصل ، اربيل) والمشاركين في بطولة الجامعات العراقية للمنطقة الشمالية ، وقد استخدم الباحث عدداً من الاختبارات البدنية والمهارية للحصول على نتائج البحث والتي عولجت احصائياً باستخدام الوسط الحسابي والانحراف المعياري ومعامل الارتباط البسيط للتوصل الى النتائج التي كان اهمها وجود علاقة ارتباط معنوية بين بعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية (السرعة ، القوة الانفجارية، المرونة ، الرشاقة) والاداء المهاري للاعب الحر في الكرة الطائرة .The aim of the research is to know the level of certain fitness elements and the professional level of the libro and to know also the relation between these elements and the professional performance of a libro . the sample 6 libro players at the teams of (Sulaymanlya, tikreet, Diyala, Duhok, Mosul, Erbil) universities playing in Northen Universities league. The researcher used a number of physical and professional tests to obtain the results dealt calculatedly a using Mathematical standard, standard deviation and simple conjunction factor to find a moral link between the elements of fitness like (speed , burst strength, flexibility and elegance) and the professional performance of a libro player in volley ball.

the Inhibitory effect of some medicinal plants Extracts in Fungus Aspergillus niger

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 521-536

أظهرت دراسة التأثير المثبط للمستخلصات المائية والكحولية لأربعة نباتات طبية هي النعناع بنوعيه (Horsemint, Spearmint) والسعد (Nutgrass) والحبة السوداء (Black Cumin) على بعض الفطريات الممرضة المعزولة من حالات مرضية مختلفة على الانسان ، من بين 14 عينة مرضية أخذت للدراسة ، كانت 4 عينات منها موجبة الفحص وعزل منها فطر Aspergillus. niger بنسبة 16.67 % . من دراسة تأثير المستخلصات المائية على فطر A. niger ان المستخلص المائي للنعناع (Horsemint) وبتركيز 30 ملغم/مل كان أكفأ المستخلصات ، حيث ثبط الفطر كلياً 100 % ، وتبين من دراسة المستخلصات الكحولية على فطر A. niger ان المستخلصات الكحولية لكل من الحبة السوداء وبتركيز 15 ملغم/مل والنعناع (Spearmint) وبتركيز 20 ملغم/مل كانت أكفأ المستخلصات في تثبيط نمو الفطر كلياً 100% . وينتج من اختبار التأثير المثبط للمضاد الفطري الكيمياوي ketoconazole على الفطر A. niger انه فقد ثبط نمو الفطر بتركيز 3.5 ملغم/مل الفطر كلياً 100% والتركيز 3.0 ملغم/مل حيث ثبط نمو الفطر بنسبة 95.0% , ثم التركيز 2.5 ملغم/مل حيث ثبط نمو الفطر بنسبة 93.0% . Study of inhibitory effect of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of four medicinal plants, spearmint, horsemint, nutgrass and black seed black cumin, against some human pathogenic fungi isolated from different clinical cases, showed that 4 cases from 14 cases were positive and Aspergillus. niger was 16.67% .The study at inhibitory effect of aqueous extracts against the isolated fungi, showed that aqueous extract of Horsemint 30 mg / ml. was the best one, which inhibited the growth of A. niger completely 100 % .Alcoholic extracts of black seed 15 mg / ml. Spearmint 20 mg / ml. were more effective against A. niger, and inhibited its growth completely 100 %.Testing of inhibitory effect of some chemical antifungal agents against the isolated fungi showed that ketoconazole at concentrations 3.5, 3.0, 2.5 mg / ml. inhibited the growth of A. niger 100, 95.0, 93.0 % respectively.

Negative and Positive Effects of Globalization on the Social , Cultural , Political , and Economic Cases

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 506-545

Powerful countries used globalization as an execuse to achieve economical cultural and political dominance via big international companies and as a means of effect on international boards to control decision makers this fact is builton the fact that globalization is treadted not as production of technological scientific revolution only but also as an outcome of economical , political and military strategies , policies and procedures from powerful countries point of view . with globalization taken into its extreme , the gap between rich and poor countries increases and it is not known if these countries whether in rules and people made them accept a dark reality imposed by force centers allied with slogans improving their interests as well as directed global media and force if needed , a procedure followed in this time.

Undesirable Behavioral Patterns of Kindergarten Children

College Of Basic Education Researches Journal, 2007, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 187-204

تعتبر مرحلة الطفولة من الفترات المميزة في حياة الإنسان وقد أكد العلماء على أهمية إعطائها عناية خاصة وتقديم النصائح والإرشادات والأمثلة والنماذج الجيدة لكي ينشأ هذا الطفل النشأة الجيدة .هدفت الدراسة إلى التعرف على الظواهر السلوكية الغير المرغوبة لدى أطفال الرياض وأكثر وسائل العلاج استخداماً من وجهة نظر معلمات الرياض . ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة تم إعداد استبيانين . بلغت عينة التطبيق النهائية (70) معلمة من معلمات الرياض تم استخدام معامل الارتباط بيرسون والوسط المرجح والوزن المئوي في معالجة بيانات البحث .أوضحت النتائج ان أكثر الظواهر السلوكية غير المرغوبة عند الأطفال هي الحركة الزائدة ثم الاتكال على المعلمة ثم الغيرة ثم العناد وظواهر أخرى . وقد كانت أكثر وسائل المعالجة استخداماً من قبل المعلمات وسيلة الاهتمام بالطفل وتوجيه النصح والإرشاد له وبعدها كانت وسيلة سرد القصص المناسبة . وقد تقدمت الباحثة ببعض التوصيات والمقترحات . Childhood is considered a distinguished period in the individual life , the scientists ascertained the importance of providing advices , instructions , examples and good examples to raise the child in a good manner .The study aimed at studying the undesired behavior of kindergarten children and most common therapy methodologies from the opinion of the teachers .To achieve the aims of the study , a questionnaire was made and the final sample consisted of(70) kindergarten teachers.Coefficient Pearson , potential mean and weight were used to handle the data of the research .The results showed that the most undesired behaviors were over movement dependence on the teacher , jealousy and stubborn . The most common therapy methods used were giving attention to the child , instructing him and telling the appropriate stories . The researcher made some recommendations and suggestions.

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