About Journal

About Journal     College of Basic Education Research Journal is a global, scientific and open access journal. Publishing under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY) license, this journal started publishing, in 2003, quarterly by the College of Basic Education, University of Mosul. We use I Thenticate to prevent plagiarism and ensure our submitted manuscripts' originality. A double-blind peer-reviewing system is also used to assure the quality of publication.     The journal publishes original articles, review papers and case reports in science and humanity....
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The semantic correlation between hatred and the words interpreted in it in the dictionary (Lisan Al Arab)

Ramadan Omar Ali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 1-16
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175655

The issue of semantic fields is considered a broad and fertile field for study, especially if the topic of the research is related to the study of the dictionaries of the Arabic language. And a president in dealing with the Arabic language. In this research, we have tried to reveal the semantic link between hate and the explanatory and denoting words, by finding the links and common relations between hate and the indicative and explanatory expressions of it.
After we identified the words of each semantic field and listed them immediately after the main meaning was mentioned, we chose two samples for each meaning; To analyze how the word denotes the main meaning (the semantic field) on the one hand, and its connection to the meaning of hatred on the other hand.

Cheating patterns and treatments from the point of view of religion

Shaimaa hekmat mahfuz said

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 17-41
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175656

  Compute this search title equivalent routed behavior individual from through putting processing these patterns; that preventing damage about society literary wast or materially , and  the work on create and consciousness through statment archaeology consequential about her.
   And might include plan search summary and two research and finale.
   First section: cheat aphorism and reasons and patterns.
   Second section: prophylaxis from cheat and treatments footprints.

 

The morphological term between the general and the particular

Baida Abdul Khaleq Salman

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 42-60
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175657

This research is an attempt to study the morphological term while linking it to semantics from the general and specific side, by looking at the terms of the terms that represent morphological chapters; To be an introduction to understanding exchange issues and its phenomena.
The study was limited to the two terms (multiple and ill) with their branches, as it is not possible to encompass all of the morphological terms in this research; Due to its abundance - as it includes the entire morphology - and the diversity of relationships between them, but I was satisfied with a representative sample, so I highlighted the reasons for its name, whether related to the semantics of its words or the functions that it performs and its applications, as well as the existing relationships between them from the general and the particular side.
This helps the learner to identify the morphological rulings and understand their procedures, based on the fact that each morphological term denotes a specific morphological idea, in addition to the fact that the owners of morphology have conventions and words that they use as for other industrialists, so unless it is identified, their rulings are not guided.

The impact of the creedal purposes of Ayat al-Kursi “Lord Signs and Signs” Analytical study

Mohammed Salem Abdul-Jabbar Al-Rifai

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 87-127
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175658

The verse of the chair is the greatest and most important verse in the Holy Book of God. In this noble verse, they are gathered from the names of God Almighty and His lofty attributes of praise, reverence and glorification of God unless they are combined in other noble verses. It contained ten sentences and syllables, and each stanza included one of the attributes of God  as a specificity of this great verse. And that Ayat al-Kursi is the lady of the verse of the Qur’an when it was mentioned in the noble hadith in it and that it occurred in the longest surah, which is Surat Al-Baqara, which is considered to be the hump of the great Qur’an. And it contains from the great dogmatic issues that are established for God forever and ever, and that God Almighty is neither similar to Him nor similar to Him, and His knowledge of particulars and universals is equal. Evidence of perseverance, life, knowledge, will, and ability is one of the attributes of meanings in the science of belief and speech. And that the Throne is other than the Throne, and all of it has the meaning of manifesting the absolute power of God  and there is no place for the Self . And from his resurrection is that the heavens and the earth and what is between them were established by it, and there was no fault in its making and no instrument of it appeared. And the divine discourse in this honorable verse where God addressed the whole people and clarification of the greatness of the universes with His attributes and the majesty of His power by mentioning the throne and others. And in the noble verse, intercession is affirmed by God  and it is only with His permission.

Features of krotsk in contemporary theatrical text ( (the play of rubbish models) )

Massar Arabe Jasem

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 87-127
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175659

The search for krotsk featuresin the theater in terms of confirmation of funny and sarcastic as an antique energy of the krotsk strange , in terms of adopting criticism crusacks for chaos in the life of individuals and society. The search included fourth chapter.
The first chapter guarantees the systematic frame work for research in terms of the problem determined in question,features of krotsk in the theatrical text? and the separation of the importance of research is highlighted in the features of the krotsk in the theatrical text(The play of rubbish models),also chapter included time limits from 1900-1995 and the possibility and concluded the search defining terms.
The second chapter ensures theoretical framework and included two parts ,The first interest in the historical inspection of the krotsk ,Then the entrance of the conceptual interest in the study of the krotsk and the pattern and the compromise, then the second search came for the features of krotsk in the global theatrical text ,The selection of texts is reflected in crevice and divers krotsk, The chapter concluded with indicators that resulted in theoretical framework.
The third chapter included the search procedures, which included his community and his appointment,  it was include play of rubbish which was chosen to fit his aim .
The fourth chapter included the result ,It is the adoption of krotisk contradiction to photographs of life contradictions ,In addition to the shapes and krotsky models multiple forms contributed to the cards ,each of the symbol ,insinuation and double the theatrical elements and employed by the writer to express a reality of ugly and maeginalized freedom. The semester included a number of conclusions ,recommendations ,proposals and the list of sources and concluded.

Examples of Surat Hud (Analytical Study

Eman Ghanem Hazim; Reem Tawfeeq Ghaleel

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 128-143
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175661

Praise be to God alone, and may blessings and peace be upon the Prophet after him, his family and companions, and those who followed them until the Day of Judgment and after:
For the most definite knowledge in which the desires were spent, is the knowledge of the revealed Book, as it is the word of God that falsehood does not come to it from before it nor from behind it, a revelation from the Wise, the Praiseworthy, in whom is guidance, healing, mercy, elucidation, beautiful exhortation and clarification. All efforts were made, which drained something from its source, and from here the word of the nation’s scholars gathered to take care of its interpretation, its statement and its study, and to find its treasures, and to draw from its sweet and precious help, and because of their dedication to studying it, their methods varied in presenting its sciences, and their projects differed in clarifying, and their projects were different. There are several methods in dealing with this science and writing, and perhaps the most important and precedent of which is the analytical interpretation approach. And this interaction generates a civilization whose giving is measured by the strength of its past and its present connection, and it requires the researcher to have a renewal view and requires great effort, an open conscious mind, wide knowledge, creativity and independence spirit that is guided by Qur’anic guidance. The research was divided into two sections, the first: a general definition of Surat Hud, and it contains three demands. The second topic came under the title: Analytical Models, in which I analyzed five models from the beginning of Surat Hud, and the research ended with a conclusion that summarized the results I was able to reach.

‏ Examples of Imam Ibn Arafa’s interpretation weightings of the two verses (no. 11 and no. 119) in Surat Al-Baqarah. Collection and study model.

Asmaa’ Ibrahim Khaleel Al Himmadi; Faris Fadhil Musa Al Shimmary

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 144-165
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175662

The science of weighting the explanations of the interpreters is one of the important holly Quran sciences that the scholars and interpreters took care of in order to reach the most correct interpretation.
‎‏So we discussed in our research some of the weightings in Surat al-Baqarah, and I chose the weighting of the interpretations of Imam Ibn Arafa in Surat al-Baqarah, and the research was divided into two parts:
The first part: Introducing Imam Ibn Arafa. And this part is divided it into six topics : The first topic: his name, his pedigree and his birth The second topic: his pursuit of knowledge. The third topic: the doctrine and creed of Imam Ibn Arafa. The fourth topic: The teachers of Imam Ibn Arafa from whom knowledge and his disciples were taken, and his students . The fifth topic: the praise of scholars to him in science and ethics. The sixth topic: here I collected his books and the date of his death, may God have mercy on him. The second part: Examples of the weightings of Imam Ibn Arafa (d. 803 AH) in his interpretation of Surat al-Baqarah in the two verses (11 and 119), compiled and study: and it is divided into two topics : The first topic: The interpreters differed about whom the verse was revealed in the Almighty saying: [Al-Baqarah: 11] The second topic: what is meant by the “truth/right” in the Almighty saying : [Al-Baqarah: ]119[ .
Then the conclusion included the most important findings of the research.

The current study aims at setting efficiency

Shaymaa Maher Alhamdany

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 166-194
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175663

The current study aims at setting efficiency of round house strategy on developing life skills for third year students / department of sciences /college of basic education / university of Mosul to reach such an aim, semi experimental was adopted on sample of 46 students from physics branch /third year /department of sciences for academic year 2017/2018 tools and materials of study (life skills) , content analysis survey, teachers guide ,curriculum book of astronomy was chosen according to round house strategy, test of life skills . Statistical analysis was found using means and t test for independent samples. Researcher concluded that there is a stntistical differance at level of 0,05 betwen means of experimental and control groups in post test of life skills. Mean of control group was 9,74 while experimental, s was 22,17 with an increase of 12,43 skills of experimental group was arranged (solving problems and taking decisions 4,61) good communication with others (4,43) creative and critical thinking (4,30) lastly citizenship and self awareness was (4,39) given these findings researcher recommends the use of round house strategy in teaching theoretical and practical materials due to its efficiency in in developing life skills of students

The Effect of (SQ3R) Strategy on the achievement on fourth stage literary student in geography

Hussein اسماعیل Ismail

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 195-226
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175664

The research aim’s to identify the impact of the (SQ3R) strategy on the
achievement of Fourth grade literary students in geography, the total number of
the sample reached (41); (20) students for the experimental group and (21)
students for the control group. The process of equivalence between the two
groups in some variables, they are:(age in months, the general average of the
student for the third intermediate grade, achievement in geography for the third
intermediate grade, intelligence quotient, Parents' educational level), Theresearcher prepared an achievement test instrument in the subject of the
foundations of geography and its techniques, After applying the achievement test
and the geography literacy scale for the two research groups, data were collected
and statistically analyzed using the (Mann-Whitney) test, and the results was that
there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0,05)
between the mean scores of the achievement test for the experimental and control
groups, And for the benefit of the experimental group students, according to the
results of the research, the researcher concluded the effectiveness of teaching
using the (SQ3R) strategy in middle and high schools in the city of Mosul, and to
complement the current research, the researcher suggests conducting more
studies, such as the effect of the (SQ3R) strategy on the achievement of fifth grade
literary students and the development of their environmental awareness,
conducting a similar study to the current study dealing with the same variables
on other subjects like History or Arabic language.

اثر استـراتیجیةKUD فـی تـحصـیل تـلامـیذ الصـف الخـامس الابتـدائی فـی مـادة الــعلوم

Naktal Jameel Younus

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 227-248
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175665

الــمـلخص :
هدف البـحث الــتـعرف على اثر استـراتیجیة KUD فـی تـحصـیل تـلامـیذ الصـف الخـامس الابتـدائی فـی مـادة العلـوم , استـخدم الــبـاحث الــتـصـمـیم الــتـجریبـی ذا الــضبـطــ الــجزئی ( مـجمـوعة ضابـطــة ومـجمـوعة تـجریبـیة ) , اذ تـم اختـیار عینة البـحث عشــوائیا مـن تـلامـیذ ( ابـتـدائیة الــحریة للبـنـین ) کوفئت مـجمـوعتـی البـحث فـی مـتـغیرات : ( الــعمـر الــزمـنی مـحسوبـا بـالــأشــهر , اختـبـار الــذکاء , تـحصـیل التلامیـذ فـی مـادة العلـوم للسنـة الــسابـقة , اختـبـار الــمـعلومـات الــسابـقة فـی مـادة العلـوم ) , بـلغ عدد التلامیـذ ( 68 ) تـلمـیذ بـواقع ( 34 ) تـلمـیذ لکل مـجمـوعة . واعد الــبـاحث اداة البـحث وهو اختـبـار تـحصـیلی وتـم الــتـحقق مـن صـدقه وثبـاته , واستـخدمـ الــبـاحث تـحلیل الــتـبـاین الــاحادی لمـعالــجة الــبـیانات , اظهرتـ الــنـتـائج تـفوق الــمـجمـوعة الــتـجریبـیة الــتـی درست على وفق استـراتیجیة KUD على الــمـجمـوعة الــضابـطــة الــتـی درستـ على وفق الــطــریقة الــاعتـیادیة فـی الــاختـبـار الــتـحصـیلی .
The effect of the KUD strategy on the achievement of fifth graders in science

The impact of the constructive John Zahrek model on the achievement of the third -grade students in mathematics and the development of their side thinking

entithar al-hamdany

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 249-276
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175666

Abstract:
The aim of the research is to identify (the effect of the John Zahorek model on the achievement of third-grade intermediate students in mathematics and the development of their lateral thinking); The research sample consisted of (63) female students of the third intermediate grade, and they were divided into two groups: an experimental group with (33) students, and a control group with (30) female students after the researcher rewarded them statistically in the variables: (chronological age, intelligence test, lateral thinking test.
The researcher herself taught mathematics to the students of the experimental group according to John Zahorek's constructivist model, and to the students of the control group according to the usual method; The researcher prepared an achievement test that consisted of (40) objective paragraphs of the type of "multiple-choice", and prepared a test of lateral thinking consisting of (16) paragraphs that consist of puzzles, and their validity and reliability were verified; After completing the experiment and applying the two tools to the two groups, the researcher analyzed the results, and the results showed:
There is a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied with John Zahorek's constructivist model and the average scores of the control group students who studied in the usual way in the achievement test in favor of the experimental group.

Emotions Management And Its Relationship To Psychological Stress Among Preparatory School Students

Falah Hasan Alrudan

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 277-291
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175667

Emotions Management And Its Relationship To Psychological Stress Among Preparatory School Students
Assist. Dr. Falah Hasan Ramadhan
College of Basic Education / University of Mosul
Falahhasan19811981@uomousl.edu.iq
Abstract
The aim of the current research is to identify the level of emotions and psychological stress management and its relationship to psychological stress among preparatory school students. The research sample consisted of (205) preparatory school students who were deliberately chosen from (14) schools from the right and left coasts of Mosul City (males and females), and for literature and scientific disciplines.
The researcher used (Saleh, 2019) scale to measure the emotions management and (Shah, 2015) scale to measure psychological stress and after extracting the face validity and stability by presenting them to the experts by the test and retest method. The two scales were applied to the research sample and students’ answers were corrected. The data were treated statistically using Pearson correlation coefficient and the one-sample t-test and the test for significant significance correlation coefficient.
The researcher reached the following results:
- Preparatory school students have a good level of emotions management.
- Students suffer from a high level of psychological stress.
- There is an inverse correlation relationship between emotions management and psychological stress among preparatory students.
In light of these results, the researcher identified a number of recommendations and suggestions, including:
- Enhancing the level of emotions management among preparatory school students by educational counselors through group counseling sessions and demonstrating the importance of managing emotions in all of their lives.

Time management for middle school principals From the teachers' point of view in the city of Mosul

Baida Mudafar al-Naqib; Muhammad Ali Al-Obaidi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 292-325
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175668

The aim of the research is to identify the level of time management of middle school principals and the research sample consisted of (300) teachers and schools, and to achieve the objectives of the research and answer its questions, a tool was built to measure the level of time management and was finalized from (60) paragraphs, five alternatives (always, often (Sometimes, rarely, never) divided into four domains, and the validity and reliability of the tool was verified.
After applying the search tool, collecting data and analyzing it statistically, the results showed that the level of time management of the research sample was good, and that there were statistically significant differences in the average time management due to the gender variable and in favor of the females, and the absence of statistically significant differences attributed to the variable of service period, and in light of Results The researcher came out with a number of conclusions and recommendations

Professional and Personal Skills Required in a Typical Teacher Character

Lamyaa Hassen Al-Ezzi

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 326-358
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175669

The current research aimed to identify the concept of professional and personal skills required in the personality of the perfect teacher, as well as to identify the importance and methods of acquiring the professional and personal skills of the perfect teacher and to reach a set of recommendations and proposals to develop these skills. The researcher used professional and personal skills required in the typical teacher's personality and methods of development, and among the professional skills (The skill of contemplation as a direction for sustainable professional development, the skill of preparing an achievement file, the skill of critical thinking, skills in using the basic competencies for effective teaching, the skill of class management, the skill of career excellence, the skill of employing information technology in education), as for personal skills, the researcher identified them as follows: (The skill of the first meeting, be a role model in high vigor, honesty and seriousness, the skill of preserving Islamic culture while benefiting from global knowledge, the skill of creating motivation for the learner, the skill of emotional balance), and at the end of the study the researcher presented a set of recommendations and suggestions.

Aesthetic awareness and its relationship to personality traits among students of the College of Basic Education

Thekra Youssef Jameel

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 359-397
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175670

The current research aims to identify:
The relationship between aesthetic awareness and personality traits among the students of the College of Basic Education, and the researcher used the descriptive approach with correlative relations to suit the nature of the current research, and the current research sample included male and female students of the departments of the College of Basic Education, which numbered (1620) and the researcher used the questionnaire as a tool for collecting information, and the researcher By building the aesthetic awareness scale and standardizing the personality traits scale, the researcher applied the two scales to the application sample after completing the psychometric procedures (honesty and stability) to build the scales.
- There is a direct positive correlation between the aesthetic awareness and personality traits among the students of the College of Basic Education.
Keywords: aesthetic awareness - personality traits

Integration of the educational role of the family and the school in the educational process

Anwar Mahmoud Ali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 398-425
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175671

 The family and school are among the most important institutions that supervise the educational process. Through their role, man passes on to future generations his experience with his future plans and projects. However, the process of successful upbringing in particular and the educational process in general depends on dealing with the role of both the family and the school through their roles and functions entrusted to them. Perhaps the most prominent of them is their participation in the educational role, and this is what we will try to highlight in this research.
The educational process is one of the processes inherent in every human society with the aim of building the human being and consolidating his civilized existence, and this process in any society represents a group of the institution and that each institution has its own systems and laws that operate within its framework; Therefore, none of these institutions can carry out its duties and duties in a good manner, except in the light of close cooperation between them. Therefore, the family is the first educational institution of the most important societal institutions that can evaluate a partnership relationship with the school, especially in this era when the education and education of children has become a joint responsibility between the family, the school and the institutions of society,When they work together sincerely, effectively and with sound planning, they undoubtedly contribute to achieving the desired goals and the success of the educational process. This research came in three chapters, the first chapter includes the methodological framework for the research, while the second chapter deals with the importance of family and school integration in the educational role. The third chapter dealt with the family and the school and their role in the educational process, The research also included a number of conclusions and   recommendations.
 

The extent to which the science department teachers apply modern scientific experiments during the implementation of the lecture from the point of view of their students

Shaima Mohamed Babir; Saddam Muhammed Hameed

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 426-449
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175672

      The research aims to identify the extent to which the science department teachers apply modern scientific experiments during the implementation of the lecture from the point of view of their students in the Department of General Sciences - College of Basic Education, Salah al-Din University. The study sample (2021-2022) and the sample was chosen randomly. The researchers prepared a questionnaire about the application of modern scientific experiments by the teachers of the Department of Science during the implementation of the lecture, which consisted of (32) paragraphs in its final form, its psychometric properties were extracted, the researchers used the statistical means, the statistical package - (SPSS). ) and arrived at the following conclusions:
1- There is a statistically significant difference between the students’ point of view in the Department of Science/College of Basic Education on a measure of the science department’s teaching application of modern scientific experiments.
2- There is no statistically significant difference between the students’ point of view of the research sample in the Department of Science and for both the third and fourth grades, males and females, on a scale of teaching application of the Department of Science to modern scientific experiments.
3- There is no statistically significant difference between the point of view of the students in the third and fourth grades, the research sample in the Department of Science, College of Education, the foundation for a measure of teaching application, the Department of Science, for modern scientific experiments.
4- There is no statistically significant difference between the students’ point of view of the research sample in the Department of Science and for both the third and fourth grades of males on a measure of teaching application of the Science Department to modern scientific experiments.
    The researchers came up with a set of conclusions and recommendations.

Use Radial Basin Function &Empirical Bayesian kriging To derive and improve the digital height model from the topographic map (Case study on Lake Talker)

Sahar Saeed Qasim Al-Taie; Ali Khalil Khalaf Al-Jabiri

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 450-470
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175678

        The study of lakes and how they are represented spatially is important and has a key role in the construction and development of any country and this depends on the main location of the lake and the possibility of investing its water in agriculture, tourism, electricity generation and others after water scarcity and low level of placements, which led us to study Lake Talker through the use of the model of digital height and topographic maps to reach the possibility of improving this model to reach an academic study that can be used in other scientific fields Lake Al-Tharthar is located 120 km northwest of Baghdad between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, with an area of 2,710 km2.
 
The highest storage level is 65 meters above sea level and the volume of water storage at this level is 85.89 billion m3. The lake is one of the largest natural depressions in Iraq, where it was established in 1956 to store excess water from the Tigris River, so that adequate amounts of irrigation water can be returned to the two rivers whenever needed.1 Lakes and dams have been established and developed mainly to avoid floods that feed Iraq's rivers from time to time.
Two methods of completion were thus used: the Radail Basin Function method and the
Empirical Bayesian Kriging and we were able to note that the Payson Road is the best in spatial fulfilment to reach the representation of the 3D shape of the lake.
Based on the above, the research has reached a number of results, namely, the possibility of developing improved digital altitude models for different regions of Iraq with local specifications that form the basis of similar studies and research.

Trade Relations Between The Cities of The Phoenician Coast and ancient Egypt

Saad Omar Mohammed Amen

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 471-484
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175680

Abstract:
The research aims to shed light on a side of the commercial relations among the cities of the Phoenician coast and ancient Egypt, because of this relationship of great importance in the life of ancient Egypt, which was lacking raw materials which is used in shipbuilding and even in building, as well as in burial uses.
Wood is mainly used in it, and the cities of the Phoenician coast were characterized by dense forests with perennial trees and distinguished by high quality, important to the ancient Egyptians, so they established these relationships, whether they were commercial or also to control over this region.
The Phoenician trade movement deals with a lot of materials, pine wood, fruits, discarded beaches, fabrics and embroideries, leather, Judah tar, incense, slaves, perfumes, purple-red, precious stones, and glassware.
If we look at these materials, most of them are used for luxury purposes and more than a commodity with a necessary utility and often desirable to the pharaohs and higher positions  most of these materials are used in planning processes.

Land form of the Dohuk Dam Lake Basin analyzing

Dilveen Jafaar Mohammed

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 485-509
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175681

       Abstract:  
The area (Dohuk Dam Lake Basin) is located with area of (140) km2 within the District of Dohuk in Dohuk province, and is bordered from the north by the Mountain Bekhir, and is bordered to the south by Jabal al-Abyad, while from the east it will be surrounded by the Strait of Bessari, and west by The District of Simel, while coordinately the area lies between two latitudes (36,54,500 - 36,60,000) north, and longitudes (10 42 49 42-00 60 42) east, and the importance of the study lies in the study of the Dohuk Dam Lake basin by studying its physical geographical characteristics of the area that The primary foundations for the study of landforms. In addition to the geomorphic study of the region using topographic maps, space images and field study, for the purpose of identifying the units and landforms of the region. To achieve this, following the inductive and analytical approach with the aim of gaining a comprehensive understanding of the basic determinants of the research. It begins with data collection, through the development of basic rules in interpreting region variables. The study found that the region has different landforms in its morphological characteristics and has been divided according to its origin into structural erosional landforms Constructional, sedimentation landforms, Karstic landforms and landforms resulting from the mass movement.

Analysis of the extent of the change of vegetation cover area in the heights of the southern Jordanian Mazar District for the period (1984-2021) using the vegetation coverage index (NDVI).

Samer Abdelkareem Odeh ALrawashdeh; Mothfar Aabad Mahmoud ALrawashdeh

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 510-530
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175682

The study aimed to measure the change in the level of vegetation cover in the Southern Mazar District for the years (1980-2021), using the vegetation coverage index in the GIS program, and remote sensing data from available satellite visuals covering the study area for the time period. The study followed the applied analytical digital approach, and the tools of the geographic information systems program. The study found that the study area witnessed a significant decline in the area of ​​vegetation cover for the period between 1984 and 2021 AD, as follows:
• The study area witnessed a clear decline in the area of ​​vegetation cover, in 1984 AD the percentage of vegetation cover was 89.4% of the area of ​​the study area, while in 2021 it decreased to 48%.
• The decline in natural vegetation cover was significantly related, according to the vegetation cover index, to the annual rainfall rate. In 1984 AD, the area of ​​vegetation cover was 334.9 km2, and the annual rainfall amounted to 468 mm for the same year, while the area of ​​land covered by vegetation decreased to 190 km2 when the amount was Annual rainfall of 137 mm in 2021.
• The arid climate characteristics extend from the desert and semi-desert region on the eastern side towards the mountainous region on the western side.
• The impact of urbanization significantly on the decline of vegetation cover areas in the study area in general, and in the areas of the shrine, Mu'ta and Moab in particular due to the increase in the urban area, and the estimated amount of decline in the area of ​​vegetation cover is about 1.1 km² annually.
Finally, the study recommended the necessity of taking quick and decisive measures by the decision maker to reduce the severity and speed of the decline of vegetation cover in the eastern parts of the study area, and to expand the study of the most affected species of natural plants to address the problem early.

Midhat pasha and his procedures for the proclamation of the Ottoman Constitution 1876

Hisham Saber AL-Rashedy

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 531-548
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175683

We note that the Ottoman Empire in the mid-nineteenth century had undergone a period of weakness , deterioration and maladministration ,both internally and externally , as a result of the problems and wars that were wrought upon the country , As a result of all these things , the idea of reform emerged in order to improve the conditions of Ottoman Empire and move it forward, Accordingly, a class of personalities emerged calling for reform, similar to the European system through taking and benefiting from this system , They were fully convinced that the Ottoman Empire would never rise except by introducing reforms and organizations in all the state facilities . Among the prominent personalities that emerged at this period was Medhat pasha, who greatly contributed to the implementation of reforms and worked hard to draft a special constitution for the Ottoman Empire , After negotiations and consultations in order to develop and implement the constitution , we note that this constitution did not last for a long time due to the emergence of personalities who opposed it , such as Sultan Abdul Hamid ll who believed that this constitution was not appropriate for the Ottoman State and was contrary to the lslamic caliphate and the Ottoman traditions , so he dismissed Midhat pasha from his position and exiled him Then he issued a decree in which he ordered the abolition of the constitution , and it has already been repealed , and not reinstated until after 1908 AD .

The activities and letters of Suleiman Al-Baroni in Iraq and Oman 1929-1939

Ali Hamza Abbas Hamza Al-Sofy

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 549-577
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175684

Suleiman Al-Baroni is considered one of the important personalities who played a prominent role in the history of Libya, And between 1918-1919, Suleiman Al-Baroni announced with some national leaders the founding of the Tripolitan Republic and the Basic Law. The Italians, abroad, first went to France, then returned to Tunisia,Then he went to Saudi Arabia and that was between 1923-1924 AD, then he went to the Sultanate of Oman in 1925-1928 AD, and in 1929 AD he went to Iraq and settled there until 1937 AD, and in 1938 AD he went to Muscat and stayed in until 1939 AD, and in that The era Baroni had multiple activities and messages on the issue of his country, These messages and activities contributed to providing the Libyan national movement with vigor, determination and determination to combat Italian colonialism through conferences, meetings, newspapers, magazines and cultural debates in the Arab Mashreq, specifically (Iraq and Oman), which we will discuss in the course of the research.

Landform Geomorphology Classification of Ashkaft Fold

Noor Fares Hamad; Fawazmid Hamou Al-Nish

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 578-608
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175686

Land classification means unifying the shapes of the earth's surface and categorizing them into groups arranged according to a hierarchical hierarchical system that extends from the major terrestrial systems to the smaller terrestrial units
Land forms are the result of a number of factors, the most important of which are (structural, climatic, hydrological and biological factors), as their effects are intertwined between the forces of resistance and the forces of movement in the formation of the land appearance, and by the energy they carry, they change the surface of the earth through its external processes (weathering and erosion forces) represented by physical variables. And the chemicals that play the main role in the evolution of the terrain, for example, weathering works to prepare the rocky crumbs for movement of different types: air and water, and the elements of climate have an effective role in activating geomorphic processes, as well as living organisms, humans, animals, and microorganisms.
For this reason, the study of the landforms that resulted from the geomorphological factors and processes within the study area, through the analysis of topographic maps, and aerial photographs covering the study area according to what is available, in addition to documenting these forms in the field through the field study.
 The researcher relied on the global (ITC) system issued by the Space Research Center in the Netherlands, to classify the landforms, and according to what is in circulation, it is one of the best systems adopted in the departments (geographical and geological), which is based in its classification of landforms on the nature of geomorphological factors and processes Responsible for the formation of these forms, this is what is done and preferred by most geomorphologists in the world      

Women's issues in the writings of Muhammad Emara

Hashim Abdul Razaq Salih

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 609-636
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175688

For decades, Muslim women have suffered from marginalization and lack of participation in social construction, as well as political activity, as a result of a misunderstanding of the teachings of religion. Or because of customs, traditions and social norms. Therefore, a number of Islamic thinkers sought to activate the role of women and their distinguished position in society. The most prominent of these was Dr. Muhammad Emara, who occupied a great deal of women's issues in his writings and his intellectual and social stances..

Experimental construction of kinetic speed of arms and legs in free swimming In the water for advanced swimmers

احمد موید العنزی

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 637-657
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175689

The current research aims to:
- Experimental construction of kinetic speed of the arms and legs inside the water in free swimming for advanced swimmers in the central and northern regions of Iraq.
Setting standards and levels for the kinetic speed tests of the arms and legs for free swimming in the water for advanced swimmers in the central and northern regions of Iraq.
The research community included the advanced swimmers in Iraq, who numbered (160) swimmers. As for the research sample, who were deliberately chosen from the central and northern regions of Iraq, their number reached (100) swimmers. They represented the two samples of building tests and setting standards, as the proportion of the research sample was (62.5). %) of the total research population.
The researcher concluded:
- As a result of following the scientific methods for constructing tests, it was reached to construct two tests of kinetic speed of the arms and legs in the water in free swimming for advanced swimmers in Iraq, enjoying good scientific foundations of honesty, stability, objectivity and an appropriate natural distribution.
The researcher recommends:
- Adopting the designed tests that the researcher built in the current research when evaluating and measuring the kinetic speed characteristic of the arms and legs of the advanced swimmers in Iraq.
 

Building sport violence scale for special needs Players""

Mohammed AbdAlsalam Hazem Alhyali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 658-688
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175690

Building sport violence scale for special needs Players""
Asistant leacture: Mohammed AbdAlsalam Hazem Assistant. Prof: Rafeh Edris Abdulghafor
The Research aims at:
- Buliding sport violence scale for social needs player of basketall with wheelchairs.
- Knowing the level of sport violence among handicapped players of basketball with wheelchairs.
Reasearch Hypothese:
- There are statistical differences in the degree of sport violence among disabled players of basketball with wheelchairs.
The researchers a diseviptive method due to its suitableness to the nature of the research and the sample were selected attentionally. The sample was consisted of (86) players, they represented (6) subcommittee, More ever, The researchers as materials of his study. After that, the researchers made a surraying test to measure measure the sport violence of the sample which was consisted of (8) players, They representeel disabled players of basketball of Paralympic committee with wheel chairs in Kirkuk in 1/4/2018. Then, tie applied the standards upon a sample which was consisted of (13) players who were the representive of Iraqi National team of basketball with wheel chairs.
The researcher also used a statistical case (spss) in order to get (percentage, Kai (K 2) square), arithmetic means, standard deviation, Test (T) of two independent samples, correlation coefficint of person, Spearman-Brown Equation).

Building a scale of administrative competencies for the heads of sports clubs in Iraq from the point of view of administrative bodies

Yasir bazil mohammed; Walid Khaled Hammam; Saad Fadel Abdel Qader

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 689-716
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175692

Search objective:
Building a scale of administrative competencies for the heads of sports clubs in Iraq from the point of view of members of the administrative bodies.
While the third chapter included the basic research procedures to reach sound results, and sound scientific steps were followed to build the scale for the study. The researchers used the descriptive approach for its suitability and the nature of the current research. The research sample included members of the administrative bodies of Iraqi clubs, who numbered (198) and represented a percentage of (12, 3) From the total research community, the researchers resorted to adopting the questionnaire as an appropriate means to collect information from the research sample. The researchers used the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and percentage as appropriate statistical means. The researchers reached the following:
Building the administrative competency scale from the point of view of the members of the administrative bodies of the Iraqi sports clubs in its final form, and it consists of (48) paragraphs in its final form.
The researchers recommend the following:
Application of the measure of administrative competencies to a sample of membersofthe administrative bodies of Iraqi sports clubs
 

Effect of Detraining on Some Immune System Variables of Children Aged (11-12) Years

Mohammed T. O. Husaen Aga

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 717-748
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175694

 
Many researches concerned with studying the impact of sports training on the immune system. This system is of importance in terms of its impact and influence in various body functions, however, this importance has not been researched fully in detraining period, especially for children who are affected greatly in the immunological changes that occur in the body. The aim of the current research is to try to discover the following:

The influence of detraining on some values ​​of the components of the immune system of children aged (11-12) years.

The researcher used the experimental approach design of a single group with pre-and post-tests for its suitability to the nature of the research. The sample of the study consisted of (14) children. measurements were used as a tools of data collection. Which included the measurement of weight, height and measured of blood immune variables which included: (total and differential numbers of white blood cells, and Immunoglobulin concentration). The major experiment included : pre measurements and then application of aerobic training using interval training in low-intensity for two months,  then post measurements were taken , in order to identify the impact of the training, and then training was stop for two weeks coincided with the period of ministerial exams ministerial to ensure that the sample did not practice any physical activity, after that post measurements were taken for the second time. The researcher used the following statistical equations: calculated mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation , T test for related samples , relative change formula) .
After analyzing the data statistically the researcher concluded the following:

The detraining period had significant impact on the neutrophils and lymphocytes.
The detraining period had no significant impact on the total number of white blood cells and cells Eosinophil, Basophil and Monocytes , as well as on the level of Immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG, IgM)

 

Evaluating the performance of the Parliamentary Youth and Sports Committee from the point of view of Iraqi sports organizations

Ahmed Enad Gargees; Khalid Mahmoud Azziz

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 749-787
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175695

  The importance of the study lies in identifying the level of performance of the Youth and Sports Committee in the Iraqi Parliament in the legislative, supervisory and representative aspects of what they represent.
 
The research aims to:
 
1- Preparing a questionnaire to identify the performance of the Parliamentary Youth and Sports Committee from the legislative, supervisory and representative side.
 2- Identifying the level of organizational performance.
 
The research community included the heads of Iraqi sports organizations and institutions (the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sports, the Iraqi National Olympic Committee and its affiliated Olympic and Non-Olympic Sports Federations, the Iraqi National Paralympic Committee and its affiliated federations, and non-institutional Iraqi sports clubs).
The most important conclusions were:
1 The level of the parliamentary role of the Youth and Sports Committee was an average.
2. The legislative role has been ranked first of the Youth and Sports Committee and a good level.
3. The supervisory role of the Young Commission and Sport and average level came.
4. Resolving the representative role of the Young Al Shabab and Sports Committee III and average level.
 
The most important recommendations were:
1. At the presidency of the House of Representatives to direct and follow up the work of the Youth and Sports Commission to promote its performance, better in the (legislative, supervisory, and representative).
2. Representatives of Iraqi sports organizations participate in the discussions of legislation or amendment of sports laws.
3. Pay great importance to the representative role of members of the Youth and Sports Committee through their visits and presence in the activities of Iraqi sports organizations
 

A New Spectral Conjugate Gradient method for solving unconstrained Optimization problems

Osama M. T. Wais Alkassaab; Khalil K. Abbo; Ibrahim A. Saleh

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 779-788
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175697

The spectral conjugate gradient methods are fascinating, and it has been shown that they are useful for strictly convex quadratic reduction when used properly. To handle large-scale unconstrained optimization issues, a novel spectral conjugate gradient approach is suggested in this study. We devise a new methodology for determining the spectral and conjugate parameters, motivated by the benefits of the approximate optimum step size strategy utilized in the gradient method. Additionally, the new search direction meets the spectral property as well as the sufficient descent criterion. The presented method's global convergence is established under a set of appropriate assumptions.
Consider the unconstrained optimization problem with the following n variables :
min⁡f(x) ,x∈R^n (1)
The conjugate gradient methods are among the most effective optimization strategies for achieving the solution of problem (1), where f:R^n→R is a continuous differentiable function. The conjugate gradient technique has the following form :
x_(k+1)=x_k+α_k d_k ,k=0,1,2,3,… (2)
Where x_0 is the starting point, α_k is a step size , g_k=∇f(x) and d_k can be taken as :
d_k={█(-g_k ∶ k=0@-g_k+β_k d_(k-1) ∶ k≥1)┤ (3)

Reforming of Al-Kasek Naphtha by Ruthenium Chloride Grafted Zeolite

Ragheed Yousif Ghazal; Dhyaa Mahmood Fathy

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 789-805
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175698

The research included preparing the used catalyst (zeolite) for reforming of naphtha. The process was carried out by adding certain proportions of  naphtha and  the catalyst  to the autoclave reactor with a capacity of (300 cm3) under initial conditions (150, 200, 250, 300 ̊C, catalyst ratio was 0.5% and  reaction time was one hour). Naphtha samples were measured firstly by (1HNMR and FTIR), it was found that the best temperature for reforming  for naphtha was (300°C) .The optimal conditions for this process were adjusted by increasing the catalyst ratio and reaction time, and it was found that the best conditions are ( The catalyst ratio is 2.5% and the reaction time is 3 hours. The used catalyst showed the ability to cyclisation of paraffins and dehydrogenation of paraffins and naphthenes, which led to an increase the ratio of aromatic compounds from (7.09%) to (29.13%) . In addition to the previous measurements, the gas chromatography of one of the naphtha samples was measured and was identical to those measurements.

Effects of adenosine and dipyridamole on serum levels of IL-6, TNF - , and some antioxidants in rabbits

Taghreed Hazem Saber Alfakje; Faehaa A. Al-Mashhadane; Ali Ashgar Abed AL_Mteewati

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 806-817
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175699

Nearly 30 years of research findings stated that adenosine adjust ischemia. Although, adenosine use for treatment has not been accepted clinically in wide manner, also there have no many clinical trials. Aims: study the effects of adenosine and dipyridamole on total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC), Adenosine Deaminase (ADA), GSH (Glutathione), TNF - a (tumor necrosis factor Alpha) and IL-6 (Interleukin 6) in rabbits.  Material and methods: Thirty five male rabbits were included in the study. The animals were divided into 3 groups: Group one(5 animals): injected (i.p) with 2 ml of distilled water/day (control group). Group two (15 animals): were treated by intraperitoneal  injection of adenosine, they were divided into 3 sub groups (5 animals) according to adenosine dose:1 mg/kg, 2mg/kg and 4 mg/kg.Group 3 (15 animals):  were treated by dipyridamole orally, they were divided into 3 sub groups (5 animals) according to dipyridamole dose:4 mg/kg, 8 mg/kg and 12 mg/kg.  Total Antioxidant Capacity Assay kit, Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) colorimetric Assay kit, Rabbit IL-6 (Interleukin 6) ELIISA kit, Rabbit TNF - a (tumor necrosis factor Alpha), GSH (Glutathione) ELISA kits were used. Results: ANOVA Test and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test were applied between study groups. In comparison among adenosine, dipyridamole and control groups, highly significant differences were found among them in TAC,ADA and GSH levels while no significant differences were found in TNF -a and IL-6 levels among all groups. Conclusion: both adenosine, dipyridamole cause reduction in total Antioxidant Capacity together with increase in glutathione levels and Adenosine Deaminase.

Effect of Extracts of Some Iraqi Lichens Against the Growth of Some Fungi Isolated From Infected Fruits and Vegetables

Zakaria Sami Almola; Nadeem Ahmad Ramadan; Basheer Ali Al-Ni'ma

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 818-834
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175700

To evaluate the efficacy of lichens as fungi growth inhibitors, three species of Iraqi lichen were selected: Diploschistes ocellatus, Lecanora muralis and Physconia distorta, isolated from the areas of Gali Zanta, Atrush and Sharanesh in Dohuk governorate in northern Iraq. The efficacy of acetone and ethanol extracts of these species of lichens at a concentration of 100 mg/ml was tested against eight species of fungi, namely Alternaria alternata, Cladosporium sp, Curvularia sp., Fusarium sp., F. oxysporum, F. solani, Macrophomina phaseolina and Penicillium sp. according to the agar well diffusion method.
Through the results, it was noted that the fungus Cladosporium sp. was more affected by acetone and ethanol extracts compared to the rest of the other fungal species. The acetone extract of Lecanora muralis had an inhibitory effect on all eight species of fungi to different degrees, the two species of fungi Alternaria alternata and Fusarium solani showed resistance to all ethanol extracts of the three species of lichens, while the ethanol extract of the lichen Diploschistes ocellatus inactive against the growth of all fungi under test.

Perceptions of Physics Teachers of Adopting Invention in Science Labs (ISL) Framwork in Ma'an Governorate

Heba , Kreishan; Mustafa , Jwaifell

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 835-866
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175701

This study aimed at revealing the physics teachers’ perceptions in Ma’an of adopting Invention in Science Labs (ISL) Framework as an effective teaching strategy, and predicting the intention of implementing ISL from their perceptions. The study used the descriptive methodology. The sample consisted of (11) male teachers and (13) female teachers frpm the Directorate of Education of Ma’an. The tools of the study were: a questionnaire consisted of (32) items based on Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) which mofyfied according to the study requirements, and a prosure describes the ISL.
The findings indicated that there were statistical significance differences at (α≤0.05) between teachers’ perceptions and the crucial score of the previous upper bound of categorize degrees, which indicate that teachers’ perception were high in expected performance and social influence, and at average on: expected effort, available facilities and intention to use. Findings related to gender showed no statistical significance differences for each of teachers’ perceptions degrees at the five domains. Results of correlation showed the existence of a positive relations between all the domains. Results of regression showed that entention to use can be predicted by the teachers perceptions of the four domsins. According to the study results the recommendation were to conduct more training workshops about using ISL and conducting further studies in a large sample for the intention of using ISL.

Evaluation performance of water projects stations using PAM clustering technique

Nadwa Khazal Rashad Al-Obaidi; Neama Abdullah Al-Fakhri

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 867-891
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175702

Clustering is one of the most important scientific discoveries made by scientists. The main idea is to split data into a set of clusters. The research aims to use the concept of clustering to model data and the knowledge of the efficiency of the PAM algorithm in determining the efficiency of water projects in Nineveh Governorate in terms of physical tests such as temperature, electrical and acidity. Nineveh in a number of its projects inside Mosul and on the outskirts. The research concluded that the performance of the PAM clustering technique was more effective in calculating the distance matrix for large dimensional data, and the application of this technique led to the production of a basic rule that can be used several times with the same weight to create a field around which clusters are centered, which enables us to find more aggregates excitement.

A Semantic Analysis of Hyponymy in Wilde's The Nightingale and the Rose

Rafat Dhiyaa Al-Obaidy

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 892-914
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175703

This study aims at investigating hyponymy and its semantic category in Wilde's The Nightingale and the Rose. It also aims to discover and highlight the most dominant as well as the least category kinds in this short story. In the study under investigation, it has been found 113 hyponyms and they have been divided into 27 categories namely; body and its parts, plant, colour, occupation, appearance, time, flowers, animal, five senses, sex-male, sex-female, gemstone, family, voice, parts of the house, garden, distance, fruit, age, instruments, liquids, furniture, size, sleep, building, transportation and insect, respectively. The findings of the research have found that the most dominant type is body and its parts which occurred 13 times, while the least type was insects, which occurred only once in the data under investigation. The findings of the study can assist English teachers and students learn and apply new vocabulary concepts, allowing them to better understand the language of literary literature. .

A study of Assertives in Arabic Supervisor – Student Interaction

Ashraf Abdulwahid Dhannoon Abdulwahid Taha; Kamal Hazim Hussein Hazim ALmola

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 915-939
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175704

Relatively, little is known about assertive speech acts the supervisors employ to communicate with their research students. In addition, it is unknown whether assertives can help determine the supervisors' mode of interaction across the stages of the supervisory process and also the dominant mode throughout the entire process. The present study seeks to investigate the supervisors’ use of assertives while presenting their oral feedback. The study traces the supervisors’ use of asserives throughout the stages of writing the thesis. Also, it aims at finding if they can be used to identify the mode of interaction at each stage and the dominant one employed by the supervisors throughout the entire process. The study adopts an eclectic model that combines two parts. The first part is based mainly on Searle's (1979) assertives. The second part comprises Heron's (1976) six-category intervention analysis. The data has been approached qualitatively; in addition, some instruments from the quantitative method are used, such as percentages, figures, and some mathematical statistics, to explore the correlation between the assertives understudy and the supervisory mode of interaction. The data analysis concludes that assertive speech acts can be used to determine the supervisors’ mode of interaction throughout the various stages of the supervisory process and identify the dominant mode of interaction across the entire supervisory process. Besides, the findings show that the authoritative mode is the dominant mode of interaction employed by the supervisors throughout the various stages of the supervisory process.

Introduction to The Model of Vinay and Darbelnet in Translation: Basics and Comparisons

Safwan Hameed Safi; Luqman Abdulkareem Nasser

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 940-961
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2022.175705

The concept of translation has been tackled and represented via various studies and theories. The purpose behind these remarkable efforts is to make the (translation) process be fulfilled in a scientific methodology as competent as possible. On this basis, the paper in hand represents a theoretical view on one of the oldest models of translation studies, namely the model of Vinay and Darbelnet (1958). The study sheds light on the basic concepts in translation studies and the models submitted by scholars and researchers in some detail. The Model of Vinay and Darbelnet is to be tackled elaborately, especially the main strategies and their included procedures. throughout this presentation, some comparisons will be dealt with at the term level. That is, each procedure will be tackled and applied in English-Arabic translation. Then, it will be put under comparison with other relevant or near terms submitted by other scholars. The study hypothesizes that the different terms used in the same notion reflect the fact that this difference is merely a matter of terminology. By the end of this research, some important points will be pinpointed and specified.

Job stress for youth forum managers and members in Nineveh Governorate

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 474-509

هدف البحث إلى1- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات شباب محافظة نينوى.2- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية في كل منتدى على حدا.3- التعرف على مستوى الضغوط المهنية على وفق نوع العمل. تم استخدام المنهج الوصفي، وتكونت عينة البحث من (74) فردا موزعين على أربعة مراكز في محافظة نينوى هي (الموصل-القوش-تلعفر –الحدباء).لتحقيق أهداف البحث تم بناء مقياس للضغوط المهنية والتحقق من صدقه وثباته، وفي معالجة البيانات إحصائيا تم استخدام النسبة المئوية ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون والاختبار التائي واستنتج الباحثون ما يأتي:1-إن مستويات الضغوط المهنية لدى العاملين في منتديات الشباب بشكل عام معتدلة. 2-مستويات الضغوط المهنية في منتديات شباب ( القوش ، تلعفر ، الموصل ) معتدلة وفي منتدى شباب الحدباء منخفضة.3-ارتفاع مستوى الضغوط المهنية في منتدى شباب تلعفر بسبب الهيكل التنظيمي. 4-لا تتأثر الضغوط المهنية في منتديات الشباب بنوع العمل، فالمديرون والعاملون بالمجالات الأخرى لديهم ضغطا مهنيا معتدلا بشكل عام.5-ارتفاع الضغوط المهنية لدى المدراء بسبب عدم وجود بالتطور الوظيفي.6-يعاني العاملون في المجال الرياضي ضغوطا مهنية مرتفعة بسبب زيادة المسؤولية.The research aims at:1. Recognizing job stress level for youth forum members in Ninavah.2. Recognizing job stress level in each forum, separakly3. Recognizing job stress level according to job genre.The descriptive approach was used, the sample included (74) individuals who belong to (4) youth forum in (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar, and Al-Hdbaa). Collecting the data was done adopting job stress Scale constructed by the researchers, The validity and reliability of this scale was verified.The data have been statistically handled using percentage, mean, Pearson correlation coefficient, and (T test)The research concludes with the following:1. Job stress level for youth forum members are generally moderate.2. Job stress levels in youth forum (Mosul, Alkosh, Talafar) are moderate, and in forum (Al-Hdbaa) are low.3. Job stress levels increased in (Talafar) youth forum because of its organization structure.4. Job stress are not affected by job genre.5. Job stress is increased for managers because of no attent with functional development.6. Workers in sport fields are suffering from job stress because of over responsibility

Discourse Analysis of Short Story 'The Man of the House'

Saffana Ayed Husein Al-Khattabee; Wayees Jallud Ibrahim Ibrahim

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 954-975
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166005

Discourse analysis is considered as an instrument in analyzing elements which influence on our understanding of a particular text. Thus, discourse analysis is a highly coherent model in analyzing any spoken, like conversation, or written, like short story text.
The aim of this study is to analyze the discourse analysis of a short story, to show how the discourse is initiated, developed and terminated. How the characters participate, interact and what are the relationships among them, how those characters are introduced in the story; how they interrupt, ask questions, and how turns are distributed. The study also aims at counting the number of topics and how they are interrelated. To know whether the sequence of events is logical or not, and to know the fillers (Ah, Oh) and their functions. Further, the study tries to analyze a short story fro the grammatical point of view for stylistic characterization relying on (A Practical English Grammar) (1986) (Fourth Edition) by A. J. Thomson and A. V. Martinet. Also, to determine the speech acts and their percentages.
In order to achieve these aims, the study adopts the discourse analysis of a written text of a short story namely, The Man of the House, by analyzing and describing the different strategies like initiating, developing, and terminating. In this study, the model of discourse analysis is eclectic, comprising of three models; Hymes model (1972) who suggests the category of "speech event", and Sacks model (1968) which proposes interaction analysis based on four categories "conversation", "topic", "sequence", and "turn". Finally Sinclair-and Coulthard’s model (1975) of speech acts classification.
The present study hypothesizes that discourse analysis is conducted depending on the text and context and how the two terms complete each other. The meaning of the text is completed by action. Analysis is to be achieved structurally and linguistically. It is also found that the discourse is composed of the cooperating of acts, interaction of the participants, sequence of events, topics, and other units.
Throughout the analysis, it has been found that the participants perform different speech acts such as nomination which is the most frequently used. The frequency of nomination is 1156 which represents 52.3% of the total acts, reaction forms 555 which represents 25.1%. Evaluation records 198 which represents 8.9% of the total number of acts. There are other speech acts like comment, obligation, manner, and metastatement mentioned in the story. These acts vary according to their usages and functions, and percentages. In the analysis of speech events, the number of major events is 22 which forms (24.5%), while the number of minor events is 68 which forms (75.5%). It is worth mentioning that the participants in the aforementioned story are of different social classes.
The participants sometimes address each other by using terms of address in order to show respect, especially some of them are of higher status. The story is narrated in the first person pronoun ( I ), which means that the writer talks about his personal life. Sullivan did most of the turns, (41) which represents 47.6% of the total turns as he is the protagonist and the most important participant in the story. Dooley had (14) turns so that she came second in order that represents 16.2%. The mother came third in rank and did (13) turns which represents 15.5%. Some of the participants participated in conversations more than others, Dooley and Sullivan for instance participate in 12 turns which represents 29.2%, while Minnie and Sullivan participate in 9 turns which forms 21.9%.
Within the grammatical analysis, it is found that the number of content words are 4632 which represents 76.5%, the number of content words is 1420 which represents 23.4%, the number of definite articles is 290 which represents 73.9%, the number of indefinite articles is 102 which represents 26.0% of the total number of articles. The total number of nouns, such as countable nouns, singular nouns, feminine nouns, used by the story author is 2439.
Discourse analysis shows when and where the turns and topics are shifted, and changed. The use of fillers, such as (Ah) and (Oh), is important and related to the use of discourse; (Ah) occurs 8 times that is 72.7%, whilst (Oh) occurs 3 times that is 27.2%. Finally, the linguistic analysis of literature has many implications and benefits for language teaching.

Simulation of using Optical grating in Dispersion compensation for Optical Fiber SMF

Duried Hazim Ahmad; Saba Maulood Sulayman

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2018, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 321-340
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2018.148069

In this work, a Fiber Bragg Gratings ,"FBG" had been implemented using a package of Optisystem7 as a compensation component for the spreading of optical pulse width equal to12.5ps transmitted by single mode optical fiber having 10km length and dispersion 16ps/nm.km. Moreover, the ideal performance had been investigated by using the mean value of bit error rate and quality factor for fiber communication system having fiber length 100km and bit rate 10Gbps NRZ . Also, ideal fiber grating have been taken under consideration . The results of this study confirm the ability of FBG to act as a dispersion compensation while the ideal performance occurring at QF= 9.51 & BER = 8.7 10-22at compensation of -1600ps/nm for fiber length of 100km.

Negative and Positive Effects of Globalization on the Social , Cultural , Political , and Economic Cases

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 506-545

Powerful countries used globalization as an execuse to achieve economical cultural and political dominance via big international companies and as a means of effect on international boards to control decision makers this fact is builton the fact that globalization is treadted not as production of technological scientific revolution only but also as an outcome of economical , political and military strategies , policies and procedures from powerful countries point of view . with globalization taken into its extreme , the gap between rich and poor countries increases and it is not known if these countries whether in rules and people made them accept a dark reality imposed by force centers allied with slogans improving their interests as well as directed global media and force if needed , a procedure followed in this time.

The Main Themes in Heart of Darkness

Lubab Eltayeb Elmukashfi Elmukashfi; Ayad Mohammed Ali Ali

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 987-1009
DOI: 10.33899/berj.2020.166007

          Joseph Conrad wrote the novel the heart of darkness in the year 1899. He started writing this novel with a greatest plot of dominant themes from 1898 and competed the writing in the year 1899 February. This novella was first published by William Blackwood and Sons and released in Edinburgh on 13th November 1902 (Dominic Davies (2019)). This novella was rich with dominant themes namely Imperialism, White Man’s Burden, Lack of Truth, Colonization, Exploitation, Racial Discrimination, Alienation and Isolation, Moral Corruption, Violence and Human Greed and Deception. The novel was written to enlighten the effects of Imperialism and Colonialism with the power of freedom and rationalist thought inherited from his Polish parents of Conrad.  This novel was a predominant work to reveal the dominant themes raised from his inmost heart against the supremacy and racial discrimination demonstrated by the European emperors against the Asian and African people. This novel has reflected the contemporary political, social and economic conditions of Belgian Congo was witness with x-ray eyes. X-Ray indicates the external appearance as well as internal feelings. Heart of Darkness is the book which demonstrate the colonizers dominated the native Africans in the areas of Belgian Congo (Fothergill, Anthony (2003) PP 85-97).

Negative and Positive Effects of Globalization on the Social , Cultural , Political , and Economic Cases

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 506-545

Powerful countries used globalization as an execuse to achieve economical cultural and political dominance via big international companies and as a means of effect on international boards to control decision makers this fact is builton the fact that globalization is treadted not as production of technological scientific revolution only but also as an outcome of economical , political and military strategies , policies and procedures from powerful countries point of view . with globalization taken into its extreme , the gap between rich and poor countries increases and it is not known if these countries whether in rules and people made them accept a dark reality imposed by force centers allied with slogans improving their interests as well as directed global media and force if needed , a procedure followed in this time.

Behavioural Appearances of children with Autism according to their parents point of view at AL – Ghasaq and Sara Institutes

Lecturer. Muhsin Mahmood Ahmed AL; KIKI

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 76-99

The current research aims at investigating the Behavioural Appearances (BA( of children with autism according to their parents point of view . Moreover , it tries to determine the statistically significant differences (BA)(mean degress( of in children with autism according to their fathers and mothers points of view. The sample of the research has been chosen randomly which was (46) fathers and mothers of Autistic children from AL –Ghasaq and Sara Institutes in the center of Mosul .
In order to achieve the aims of the research , a questionnaire was prepared by the researcher which is composed of ( 32) items of (BA( . Face validity of the tool was achieved by exposing it to a group of specialists , while its reliability was calculated by using Guttman equation which was found to be (0,70) . weight mean was used for item arrangement , T-test was used for exploring the differences in Arithmetic means between fathers and mothers groups . The results revealed that :
1- There are many (BA( of children with autism from their parents point of view.
2- No statistically significant differences in the mean scores of (BA( of children with autism between their fathers and mothers point of view.
In view of the findings obtained , it is recommended that developing oral communication skills is a must for children with autism because language lets them connect and communicate with the outer community . Moreover , language breaks their isolation , through talking to them ever if they give no response or participate in playing . In addition , the researcher suggested other similar studies for children with autism in Iraq from their parents point of view.

PSYCHOLOGICAL PRESSURE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL STIFFNESS of STUDENTS at THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

Dr. Tanheed Adel Fathal AL-Byirag

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 28-56

The research aimed to recognize the level of psychological pressures and its sources amongst students at the college of education –University of Mosul and its relationship with students level of psychological stiffness amongst them, as well as the effect of certain variables on both the psychological pressures and psychological stiffness amongst students of the college of education methoud and the psychological stiffness amongst them.
The researcher has applied the descriptive analytical and the research sample has consisted of (843) male and female students which represent about (17%) of the study population, a total of (5072) male and female students from all departments. The researcher has used two scales for measurement; the first is a pre-set scale to measure psychological pressures and the other, which was prepared by the researcher, is to measure the extent of their psychological stiffness. The validity and the stability of both tools were verified. The study has attained a set of findings, the most important of which are as follows:
- The level of psychological pressure amongst students of the college of education was (79.85) and their average psychological stiffness was (81.41).
- The study has shown that there are significant statistical differences amongst students of the college of education regarding the level of psychological pressure and psychological stiffness ascribed to the sex variable and in favor of male students. In other words, psychological pressures and psychological stiffness are higher amongst male students compared to female students.
- The study has shown that there are significant statistical differences amongst students of the college of education regarding the level of psychological pressure and psychological stiffness and in favor of scientific specialization.
- The study has shown that there are significant statistical differences amongst students of the college of education regarding the level of psychological pressure and psychological stiffness pursuant to class variable and in favor of the 4th class.
The study has recommended that the university, educators and teachers in particular should establish guidance programs to promote the knowledge of university students of the concept of psychological pressure and the affecting factors as well as improving the terms of study in the university.

Qus Bin Saida Al'Iyadi: Structural and Stylistic study

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2010, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 188-204

تسعى الدراسة الأسلوبية البنيوية إلى دراسة الهيكل البنائي للنص وتحليل أنساقه التي تكشف عن تنظيمه وفقاً للمستويات الأربعة الصوتي والتركيبي والبلاغي والدلالي، إذ أن كل واحد منها لها وحداتها وتعالقاتها الخاصة التي لا يمكنها بمفردها أن تنتج المعنى إلا باندماجها في مستوى أعلى، فالوحدة الصوتية لا تصبح طرفاً إلا عند اندماجها في الكلمة والكلمة عليها أن تندمج في الجملة، وصولاً إلى وحدة النص الكلية بوصفها بؤرة لاستجماع الوحدات الصغرى للنص، ومن هنا أثارنا دراسة خطبة (قس بن ساعدة الأيادي) دراسة أسلوبية بنيوية، وقد ركز المستوى الصوتي على دراسة الأصوات وتكرارها والتوازيات الصوتية والجناسات أما في دراسة المستوى التركيبي فقد انصب الاهتمام على دراسة الأساليب الإنشائية والخبرية وأدوات الربط التي لها الدور الفعل في إنتاج المعنى، أما في المستوى البلاغي فقد أولينا الاهتمام بالصورة التقابلية وما أحدثته في السياق النصي من أبعاد دلالية.This research attempts to study the speech of Qus Bin Sa’ida Al’iyadi analytically to show its stylistic-structural features as an oral art followed by narrators to tell people an idea or a view regarding their life and future. In order the orator be able to influence the feelings of his listeners; he should have a talent and training in theological performance techniques. The research study has started according to the following four levels: Phonological, structural, rhetorical and semantically.Finally, we should point out that in the phonological level; iteration, rhythm, and equivalence was evident in clarifying the idea that is in harmony with the text.At the structural level; compositional, predicate clauses and coupling article as well as poetry representation were obvious in casting stylistic significance revealing the associated psychological mood.At the rhetorical and semantic level; perceptive images and comparison between clauses in encircling the meaning comprehensively has become evident.

The Prophet Hood Immigration(Causes and result)

College Of Basic Education Research Journal, 2007, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 174-199

الحمد لله رب العالمين وأفضل الصلاة وأتم التسليم على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين. إن السيرة النبوية من أشرف السير وأطهرها والكلام عنها والبحث في جوانبها إنما هي شرف عظيم لنا، كيف لا .... ونحن نتحدث عن رسول الله . وسيرته لا تقل أهمية عن موضوع التفسير أو الفقه أو الحديث وما إلى ذلك من العلوم الشرعية .دراسة السيرة النبوية إنما تعني فهم شخصية الرسول  (النبوية) والتأكيد على النبوة وذلك لأن من المستشرقين ومن تأثر بهم من يبرز جانب القوة والعبقرية والحكمة ويبعد جانب النبوة والرسالة عن الأذهان ،والسيرة النبوية ليست قصة أو رواية ، وإنما هي دروس وعبر، في الأيمان، والعبادة، والجهاد، والثبات، والدعوة ..... الخوقد اخترت في بحثي هذا جانبا من جوانب سيرته  وهي (الهجرة) من حيث الأسباب والنتائج ، فكلنا أو اغلبنا يعرف كيف هاجر النبي  ولكن القليل منا من ينظر أو يبحث في تفاصيلها ، إذ لم تكن الهجرة سفراً مريحاً لتجارة أو (لاستجمام) كما يقال وإنما كانت لأسباب مهمة دعت الحاجة لها، وما ترتب بعد ذلك دليل واضح على أهميتها في الإسلام ، ودليل على أنها كانت في سبيل الله ، ومن اجل نصرة دينه وإعلاء كلمته.The Brotherhoods bigrophy is more honesty than biographies and it is pure The speech about it and research in its aspects . itis great honesty to us .The speech about massanger s God . (PBUH) it is not reduce importance for interpetatlon of the Quran Hadith and Grammar ….ect .The prophets biography studying means under standing the Marssangers person it help us to understand the Quran and Hadith . I chose one aspect the immgration . Causes and results . every one nows how the prophet emigraeted . but Do all one deal with its detail No he don’t .

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  no-reply@ejournalplus.com

Editor-in-chief: Prof. Dr.Waleed Khalid Humam

Print ISSN: 1992-7452

Online ISSN: 2664-2808

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